About This Chapter
Human Behavior in the Environment - Chapter Summary
This chapter focuses on how humans behave in different types of environments, such in groups or within the family. You'll find lessons addressing abnormal behavior, crisis situations and the role of genetics in how we behave. This chapter also discusses the definition of bullying and theories regarding expectancy value, self-efficacy, self-concept and self-determination. After you have completed your review of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Relate the details of the person-in-enviroment (PIE) theory
- Explain the role of genetics in understanding human behavior
- Compare individual behavior to that of group behavior
- Define family systems and types
- Recognize the impact of illness, life events and crisis on the family
- Outline the different types of crisis situations
- Assess what abnormal behavior is and what causes it
- Examine grief coping skills, resilience and spirituality
Though brief, these lessons contain a lot of information that is presented in an easy-to-follow and engaging manner. Lessons are prepared by professionals in social work and psychology, and they cover all of the main aspects of each topic. Use the self-assessment quizzes at the end of each lesson to determine the level of your knowledge and if further review is needed. Track your progress through the chapter on your dashboard.
1. Person-in-Environment (PIE) Theory
Children and adult clients of social workers often have numerous problems that negatively affect their life. Social workers always look at environmental influences using the PIE theory. Learn more about the history and function of this theory.
2. How Genetics Helps Us Understand Human Behavior
This lesson demonstrates how physical anthropologists use genetics to better understand the human experience. You'll learn how they combine their knowledge of both biology and the social sciences together to contribute to their field.
3. Group Behavior in Social Psychology: Definition & Influences
Do individuals behave differently in groups than they would on their own? How do group dynamics affect our decision-making skills? You'll learn about the benefits and potential pitfalls than can come from belonging to a group.
4. Family Systems: Definition and Types
Families come in all shapes and sizes. In this lesson, we'll examine what makes a family, as well as some common types of families, including nuclear, matrifocal, extended, and blended families.
5. Effects of Life Events & Family Crisis
This lesson looks at how life events and stressors can cause a family crisis. The lesson identifies different types of stress, explores the differences between families who go into crisis and those who don't, and discusses means of overcoming family stress.
6. Crisis Situations: Types & Examples
In this lesson, we discuss different types of crisis situations. We explore some examples and see how law enforcement handles the different types of crisis situations.
7. The Psychology of Abnormal Behavior: Understanding the Criteria & Causes of Abnormal Behavior
What is abnormal behavior? In this lesson, we will look at how psychologists define abnormality, the criteria they use to identify it, and some common causes of abnormal behavior.
8. What is Bullying? - Definition, Types & Coping Strategies
In this lesson, we examine different forms of bullying and identify those who are more likely to be bullies, as well as those who are more likely to be victimized. We also discuss warning signs and how we can help others cope with bullying.
9. Expectancy Value Theory: Age, Gender & Ethnicity Differences
The values placed on an object or event and our expectancies of performance play a large role in determining the level of effort and ultimately the level of achievement for a given activity. This lesson will detail two popular models of expectancy-value theory and provide suggestions on how to incorporate these theories into a classroom setting.
10. Self-Efficacy vs. Self-Concept: Differences & Effects on Outcome Expectations
How do you perceive yourself? Are you good in a particular academic discipline? Do you like being around others, or do you prefer to spend time alone? The answers to these questions help make up your self-concept and self-efficacy. This lesson will differentiate between these two concepts and explore outcomes of high and low self-efficacy.
11. Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy & Control Beliefs
How do you stay motivated? What motivates your peers and coworkers? Are rewards motivating factors or do people have an internal drive to persist until a given activity is completed? This lesson will describe a theory that encompasses both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators: the self-determination theory.
12. Helping Children Cope with Grief
This lesson is designed to define grief and give teachers examples of how students may react to the loss of a friend or loved one. We'll also discuss how teachers can be supportive during the different stages of grief.
13. What is Resilience? - Definition & Perspectives
Why do some people seem to thrive under stress while others feel overwhelmed by it? In this lesson, we'll look at resilience, including what it is, how it influences a person's response to stress, and some major scientific perspectives on it.
14. Possible Effects of Spirituality to Overall Health
Did you know that spirituality can make us healthier? A spiritual practice can improve one's mental and physical well-being. In this lesson, we will discuss the possible health benefits of spirituality.
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Other chapters within the ASWB Clinical Exam: Study Guide & Practice course
- Overview of Human Growth & Development
- Physical, Emotional & Intellectual Human Development
- Developmental Abnormalities
- Adulthood & Aging
- Dysfunction, Abuse & Neglect
- Diversity & Discrimination
- Understanding Addictions
- Social Justice Goals in Social Work
- Information Gathering & Assessment for Social Workers
- Diagnosis in Social Work
- Treatment Planning in Social Work
- Managing Therapeutic Relationships
- Interventions & Approaches in Social Work
- Case Management in Social Work
- Consultation & Collaboration in Social Work
- Professional Ethics & Values in Social Work