About This Chapter
Human Development Risk Factors - Chapter Summary
Complete the lessons of this assessment to improve your understanding of a few factors that can negatively impact human development, such as stress and a lack of access to health care. These lessons will also provide with a review of things that can be done to support human development. After these lessons you should have a better understanding of:
- How a mother's emotional and physical state impacts the prenatal environment
- Prenatal environmental hazards during prenatal development and the birth process
- Symptoms and treatments for postpartum depression
- Symptoms of behavioral and cognitive disorders in children
- How social networks can provide emotional and instrumental support
- Poverty in the U.S. and factors that influence it
- How abuse and neglect affect a child's growth and development
- Genetic disorders and abnormalities in human growth and development
Each lesson is accompanied by a short self-assessment quiz. Use these assessments to discover topics you don't understand. The video tags presented with the quiz results will provide you with links to the parts of video lessons that cover specific topics. Use them to improve your understanding of the material or you read the lesson transcript.
1. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
2. The Perinatal Environment and Potential Hazards During the Birth Process
What does perinatal mean? What happens during the birth process? What are some things that can go wrong? You will find the answers to these questions and more in this lesson!
3. What is Postpartum Depression? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Postpartum depression affects about 14% of women who give birth each year. The following lesson provides a definition of postpartum depression, symptoms and common treatment suggestions for the issue.
4. Behavioral Disorders in Children: Definition & Symptoms
Behavioral disorders disrupt children and the people and things around them. Learn about the different types of behavioral problems, the symptoms, and more.
5. The Role of Social Networks and Support in Abnormal Functioning
Everybody needs a friend sometimes. In this lesson, we'll look at the impact of social support on people who are suffering from mental illness. We'll also examine two major hypotheses as to why social support helps people with psychological issues.
6. Social Support and Stress: Emotional vs. Instrumental Support
Social support is an important tool for coping with stress. There are two main and contradicting hypotheses about the role of social support in stressful situations: the buffering hypothesis and the main effects hypothesis. In this lesson, we'll learn more about social support and its effects on stress.
7. Barriers to Effective Health Care Services
You might take it for granted that you can go to the doctor on a whim, but some people aren't so lucky. This lesson will explain why some people may have a hard time accessing healthcare services.
8. Factors Affecting Poverty in the United States
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major factors which affect poverty here in the U.S. This lesson will provide insight into each individual factor and relate it to how it can affect poverty.
9. The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development
A healthy family relationship can contribute positively to the growth and development of a child. Unfortunately, unhealthy and abusive relationships do occur. This lesson will describe characteristics of abusers and the impact of abuse on a child's growth and development.
10. What is Psychological Abuse? - Definition & Overview
This lesson defines psychological abuse and gives a brief overview of what this type of abuse is. Behaviors that can be expected and potential victim reactions are also mentioned.
11. What Are Cognitive Disorders? - Definition and Perspectives
The human ability to think is what sets us apart from the other animals. But what happens when memories or the ability to learn disappears? In this lesson we'll look at three common types of cognitive disorders: dementia, delirium, and amnestic disorders.
12. Genetic Disorders: Penetrance & Phenotypic Variability
Did you know that sometimes a dominant human genetic condition will skip a generation in a family? It does happen, and some dominant genetic conditions will also have a wide range of phenotypes, sometimes even within the same family. Learn more in this lesson about phenotypic variability!
13. Genetic Abnormalities in Human Growth and Development
What are mutations and other chromosome abnormalities? How can these abnormalities affect human development? What are some common genetic disorders and their causes? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.
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