About This Chapter
Human Development Theories in Sociology - Chapter Summary
By watching this chapter's video lessons, you can grow your understanding of topics such as human identity formation and personality structures, and moral and cognitive development. The chapter explains the processes of logical and preoperational thinking, and it outlines the factors involved in development of self. Watch the videos for help with:
- Describing id, ego and superego
- Identifying Piaget's stages of cognitive development
- Explaining the stages of moral development according to Lawrence Kohlberg
- Examining Carol Gilligan's theory of moral development
- Discussing Mead's theory of the self
- Studying Erik Erikson's views of individual identity formation
Sociology experts lead these interactive lessons and will answer questions you submit on the above topics. Study at your convenience; use the video tags to pause the lessons or locate information quickly, and refer to the written transcripts for additional help. When you finish watching the videos, make sure to take the short lesson quizzes that can gauge your retention of the topics in this chapter.
1. Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples
Do you know who or what is behind the metaphorical angel and devil sitting on your shoulders, debating whether you should get up for a jog or hit the snooze button again? This lesson examines this type of internal debate by addressing Freud's work on the different sides of our conscious and unconscious selves - the id, the ego, and the superego.
2. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
3. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
4. George Herbert Mead: The Self, ''Me'' & ''I''
How does one define self? This lesson will help answer that question by exploring the theory of self, differentiating between the concepts of 'me' and 'I' and describing the concept of looking-glass self.
5. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
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