About This Chapter
Human Development Throughout the Life Span - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter guide you through the developmental process of humans, including the physiological, emotional, and temperament changes that take place throughout the human lifespan. Video instructors explain all the key events and concepts to make each lesson easy to understand and remember.
Start with the developmental milestones of a newborn, and learn how infants develop creativity and intelligence. Follow the growth process into adolescence, and then understand how people develop sexually and emotionally. Explore the social, physical and psychological changes as humans reach adulthood and their development of the five senses. Lessons in this chapter include:
- The sensitive periods of development: birth to age six
- Understanding the social development of children
- Differences between Piaget and Vygotsky's cognitive development theories
- Stages of language development: pre-linguistic and symbolic language
- The newborn: capabilities, growth, and developmental milestones
These self-paced video lessons are taught in an engaging and clear way to help you thoroughly understand each concept. You can also test your comprehension of the materials by taking the short quizzes that go along with each lesson. To help with this, you can link back to specific points in a video to help you review topics as needed. Video transcripts also include links from key vocabulary terms to explanatory text lessons that describe concepts in more detail.
1. The Newborn: Capabilities, Growth, and Developmental Milestones
Newborn growth and development is an amazing process! In this lesson, you will discover how babies learn, when they acquire certain abilities, and what reflexes they are born with.
2. Sexual Development and Maturation of the Adolescent
In this lesson, explore the changes that take place during puberty. You will meet Dick and Jane as they experience these changes, and you will be able to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
3. Physical, Psychological and Emotional Changes in Adults
As an adult you establish a unique identity, reach the proverbial midlife crisis, and eventually succumb to old age. In this lesson, learn about the physical, psychological, and emotional changes that take place along this journey.
4. The Sensitive Periods of Development: Birth to Age 6
The phrase 'sensitive periods in human development' may sound like it refers to moody teenagers, but it actually refers to periods of time when a child easily absorbs information in a specific way. The most important sensitive periods occur between birth and age six. Learn more in this lesson.
5. Aging and Sensory Perception: Changes in Sensory Thresholds
What are sensory thresholds? How does sensory perception change with age? This lesson will answer these questions and teach you even more about sensory changes in late adulthood.
6. Infant Creativity and Intelligence
How is infant intelligence measured? In this lesson, you'll learn to recognize common measures of infant intelligence as well as what information these measures can provide.
7. Child Creativity and Intelligence
What is an IQ score? What do these scores mean? What role does creativity play in a child's development? Explore these concepts with this lesson and test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
8. Creativity and Intelligence in Adolescence
You know that emotional and physical changes take place during adolescence, but what about intellectual changes? Learn about the behavior of IQ during this time and find out why it is important to encourage creativity in adolescents.
9. Adult Creativity and Intelligence: Changes with Age
Does IQ increase as we get older? Does it decrease? Does it remain the same? Explore the different ways to answer these questions and discover the roles of crystallized and fluid intelligence in this lesson.
10. Differences between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories
Two of the most recognized cognitive psychologists, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, developed theories that addressed cognitive development and learning among children and adolescents. While there are similarities between the two theories, differences exist, and those differences are critical to the understanding and application of the theories in educational settings. This lesson will highlight those major differences.
11. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
12. Social Development of Infants: Stages of Self and Temperament
When do infants start gaining self-awareness? We will explore the stages infants go through as they increase their knowledge of themselves. We will also look into the typical temperaments of infants.
13. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
14. Social Development of Adolescents: Identity
Adolescents often go through a process of discovering what they believe and who they are. In this lesson, we will examine how a teenager develops his or her self concept and identity. We will also take a look at common factors that influence a teen's identity.
15. Social Development of Adults: Self Concept
How would an adult think about his or her self-concept? In this lesson, we'll take a look at what makes up self-concept in adulthood, its changes over time, and how it relates to self-esteem and self-image.
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Other chapters within the ILTS Social Science - Psychology (248): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- Research Sources, Methods & Technologies
- Analyzing & Interpreting Social Science Inquiry
- U.S. Government and Political Systems
- U.S. and World Economies
- Cultural & Physical Geography
- Human Behavior and Social Interaction
- Development & Fall of World Civilizations
- Development & Fall of European Civilizations
- Events & People in World History
- 19th Century Revolutions, Politics & Legacies
- 20th Century Wars, Cultures & Legacies
- Religions of the World
- U.S. History to 1800
- U.S. History (1801-1865)
- U.S. History (1866-1969)
- U.S. History (1970-2008)
- History of the State of Illinois
- Human Development Theories
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Individual Differences
- Senses & Perception
- Cognition in Psychology
- Learning & Psychology
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Social Psychology Theories
- ILTS Social Science - Psychology Flashcards