About This Chapter
Human Development Topics - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter to establish your familiarity with the four major parenting styles and their respective developmental effects. The family systems theory is also brought up, along with the different types of families. You'll get to look over content on how relationships with peers also influence development, especially during middle childhood. Check out these additional issues in the chapter to ensure your familiarity with key human development subject matter:
- What the nativist perspective is
- How environment and culture influence language development
- Piaget's stages of cognitive development
- The significance of IQ scores for children and adolescents
- The development of self-esteem and identity
- How gender differences affect social development
Video lessons efficiently present the topics, with each video being just about 5 minutes in length. You can use a computer or one of various handheld devices to view these videos. A practice quiz accompanies each lesson, allowing you to conveniently assess your grip on the material.
1. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
2. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
3. Child Creativity and Intelligence
What is an IQ score? What do these scores mean? What role does creativity play in a child's development? Explore these concepts with this lesson and test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
4. Creativity and Intelligence in Adolescence
You know that emotional and physical changes take place during adolescence, but what about intellectual changes? Learn about the behavior of IQ during this time and find out why it is important to encourage creativity in adolescents.
5. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
6. The Effects of Environment and Culture on Language Development
Both environmental and cultural factors have an impact on early language development. This lesson will provide examples to consider and discuss possible reasons for this impact.
7. The Nativist Perspective and Language Development
In this lesson, learn how we develop language according to the nativist perspective. Discover Noam Chomsky's idea of the language acquisition device (LAD) and its role in this process.
8. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
9. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood
As children grow, they become more independent of their parents and turn to their peers more often. In this lesson, we'll examine children's evolving concepts of friendship, peer group norms, social conformity, and social comparison.
10. The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development
Every parent knows how much school can influence a child. But in what ways is this influence positive? In this lesson, we'll examine how going to school can impact a child's development, including how children learn from each other and how motivation impacts achievement.
11. Social Development of Adolescents: Identity
Adolescents often go through a process of discovering what they believe and who they are. In this lesson, we will examine how a teenager develops his or her self concept and identity. We will also take a look at common factors that influence a teen's identity.
12. Understanding the Impact of Gender Differences in Social Development
How does one's gender impact behavior and interactions with others? Research has shown that men and women interact differently in social settings and society has ideas for what is appropriate male and female behavior.
13. Family System Theory: Definition and Changes Over Time
The term 'family' can have different definitions, such as a family of a mother, father, and children, or family units that consist of extended family members and friends. This lesson will define the family systems theory and explore various types of families, models of influence, and changing family trends.
14. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.
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Other chapters within the GACE School Counseling (603): Practice & Study Guide course
- Educational & Counseling Foundations
- Roles & Responsibilities of the Guidance Counselor
- Counseling Theories & Models
- Individual & Group Counseling
- Human Development Issues
- Crisis Intervention Purpose & Theories
- Comprehensive School Counseling Programs
- Curriculum Development & Delivery
- Learning Assessments
- Diversity & Equality Issues in School Counseling
- Strategies for Diverse Learning Environments
- College Counseling Tools
- Career Counseling Tools
- Program Evaluation for School Counselors
- GACE School Counseling Flashcards