About This Chapter
Human Growth and Development in Counseling - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Use this chapter to discover theories explaining our cognitive, social and spiritual development and find out how they've changed over the years to address the life experiences of a diverse client base. You can also learn how counselors put these theories to use in their own practices. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- Early human development theories
- Theories of moral and psychosocial development
- Developmental theories centered on adults and the elderly
- Influences of the women's movement and spiritual developmentalists
|Pioneers in Human Development Theory: Freud, Piaget & Jung||Explain how early theories by Freud and others focused on the biological development of children and adolescents. Contrast this approach with Piaget's and Jung's focus on cognitive and life span development.|
|Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development||Examine the role of Erik Erikson's eight stages of human development in counseling.|
|Kohlberg's Theories of Moral Development||Discus Kohlberg's theories of moral development, the changes made to his model over the course of his career and the ways in which his work has influenced counseling.|
|Adult and Older Adult Development Theories||Outline advances in adult and older adult developmental theory. Survey the works of Levinson, Perry and Gould. Explain the implications of Jung's writings for counseling among older adults.|
|Feminist Development Theory||Explore the influence of the women's movement on counseling theory. Examine the works of Gilligan, Silverman and Conarton.|
|Religious and Spiritual Development in Counseling||Discuss the importance of clients' religious and spiritual needs in counseling. Get an introduction to the works of Moody, Carroll, Fowler and Worthington.|
1. Pioneers in Human Development Theory: Freud, Piaget & Jung
What were the first theories on childhood development? Here, we will look at Freud's theory that started it all and examine Jung and Piaget's theories that followed thereafter.
2. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
3. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
4. Adult and Older Adult Development Theories
What kinds of development do adults go through? In this lesson, we will look at four psychologists who discuss the ways adults develop emotionally and mentally.
5. Feminist Development Theory
There are several theories of human development in psychology. But did you know there is one specifically for women? In this lesson, we will look into the stages that make up this theory.
6. Religious and Spiritual Development in Counseling
Religious or spiritual discussions do not just happen in churches. This lesson looks into spiritual and religious counseling done by therapists and why it is of interest to clients.
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Other chapters within the Counseling 101: Fundamentals of Counseling course
- The History of Counseling and Psychotherapy
- The Professional Counselor
- The Counseling Process
- Theoretical Approaches in Counseling
- Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling
- School Counseling
- Mental Health, Substance Abuse & Rehabilitation Counseling
- Social and Cultural Elements of Counseling
- Marriage and Family Counseling
- Career Counseling
- Group Counseling