Ch 14: Human Reproduction, Pregnancy & Birth

About This Chapter

This chapter tells you all about the birds and the bees - well, it at least tells about human fertilization, prenatal care, childbirth and more. The lessons feature dynamic presentations to help you quickly retain key concepts associated with human reproduction, pregnancy and birth.

Human Reproduction, Pregnancy and Birth - Chapter Summary

Use the lessons included in this chapter to study natural fertilization, fetal development and prenatal care, including the role of proper nutrition during pregnancy and common physical and emotional effects of pregnancy. Instructors will also help you review infertility and risk factors associated with getting pregnant later in life. By the end of this chapter you will be able to:

  • Detail testing methods for birth defects and examine some of the risk factors
  • Outline the natural fertilization process and identify which cells are involved
  • Create a timeline of the development of nervous, respiratory and other body systems in a fetus
  • List some of the hazards, including drug use, that can interfere with proper prenatal development
  • Explain each stage in the childbirth process and highlight some of the complications that can occur during labor and delivery
  • Define a C-section and detail some of the risks
  • Discuss types of labor complications, including preterm delivery, miscarriages, and stillbirths
  • Describe postnatal care and SIDS

The engaging video lessons in this chapter allow you to progress at your own pace. You have complete control over which videos - or which sections of the videos - you choose to watch. You can play and replay segments at any time. You'll find that the timeline beneath the videos are handy for identifying where to find the topic you need to study. As you progress through this chapter, remember that you can track your progress on your Dashboard.

14 Lessons in Chapter 14: Human Reproduction, Pregnancy & Birth
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Genetic Birth Defects: Risk Factors, Epidemiology, and Testing

1. Genetic Birth Defects: Risk Factors, Epidemiology, and Testing

Birth defects can be caused by genetics and may pose several risk factors for a newborn. Learn about birth defects, different examples of birth defects, risk factors, epidemiology associated with these defects, and how to test for defects.

Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

2. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

Ovulation to implantation involves the journey of the oocyte through uterine tubes. Explore how the egg leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube, what happens to the egg if it is not fertilized, and the process of fertilization and cellular division.

Fetal Development By Trimester: Timeline of Body Systems

3. Fetal Development By Trimester: Timeline of Body Systems

With each trimester, fetal development advances in order for it to grow into a health baby that will function and survive after birth. Discover more about fetal development, including the timeline of how fetal body systems develops within the three trimesters.

Prenatal Care: Nutrition

4. Prenatal Care: Nutrition

Prenatal care is the medical care provided to pregnant women throughout the duration of their pregnancy. Learn about prenatal nutrition, determine the advisable amount of caloric intake for pregnant mothers, and discover the recommended foods to eat, avoid, and limit during pregnancy.

Prenatal Care: Vitamins and Minerals

5. Prenatal Care: Vitamins and Minerals

Prenatal care includes assisting pregnant women and ensuring that they are provided with sufficient nutrients. Learn about prenatal nutrition and learn the importance of vitamins and minerals to pregnant mothers and developing babies.

Prenatal Care: Avoiding Drugs and Environmental Hazards

6. Prenatal Care: Avoiding Drugs and Environmental Hazards

Avoidance of drugs and environmental hazards is a crucial part of pregnancy, which is why it's included in prenatal care. Learn about toxic metals, toxic air, radiation, toxic drugs, and their negative effects on pregnant women and developing babies.

Prenatal Care: Physical Activity and Mental/Emotional Health

7. Prenatal Care: Physical Activity and Mental/Emotional Health

When providing prenatal care, the physical, mental, and emotional factors of the pregnant woman are considered. Learn about the physical activity, the amount of exercise needed, and the mental and emotional health of women during pregnancy.

The Three Stages of Labor: Dilation, Expulsion & Placental

8. The Three Stages of Labor: Dilation, Expulsion & Placental

The process of labor and delivery is divided into stages, with the end goal of parturition, or the forcible expulsion of the fetus from the mother's uterus. Learn more about the three stages of labor. including the dilation, expulsion, and placental stages.

Complications that Can Arise Before or During Childbirth

9. Complications that Can Arise Before or During Childbirth

Pregnancy can be wonderful, but it can also be a dangerous, complicated process. This less explores complications that can occur during pregnancy or childbirth and how medical professionals deal with these complications.

Types of Labor Complication: Preterm, Miscarriages and Stillbirths

10. Types of Labor Complication: Preterm, Miscarriages and Stillbirths

There are several types of complications that can arise during labor which can adversely affect the baby. Learn about the risks involved in preterm births, miscarriages, stillbirths, and complications that may require labor to be induced.

What is a C-Section? - Procedure, Types & Delivery

11. What is a C-Section? - Procedure, Types & Delivery

A Cesarean section (commonly known as a C-section) is a surgical procedure to deliver a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus. Learn more about some of the reasons for C-sections, the types and steps of C-section deliveries, and the possible risks involved in each.

Postnatal Care and SIDS

12. Postnatal Care and SIDS

Research into post-natal care can help new mothers learn more about the benefits of breast milk and how it helps thwart childhood illnesses, and also steps parents can take that may prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Learn more about the definition and importance of postnatal care and what can be done in the home to curb the risk of a SIDS event occurring.

Infertility: Causes and Potential Options

13. Infertility: Causes and Potential Options

Infertility is the state of being unable to conceive or achieve a pregnancy. Learn about the definition, causes, and reasons of infertility in men and women, and explore treatment options available for this condition.

The Risk of Giving Birth Later In Life

14. The Risk of Giving Birth Later In Life

A woman's risk factors during childbirth increase with age. Learn the problems with giving birth later in life, including the complications that increase after the age of 35, and then explore the heightened risks of breast cancer, down syndrome, and autism.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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