About This Chapter
Human Reproduction, Pregnancy and Birth - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons included in this chapter to study natural fertilization, fetal development and prenatal care, including the role of proper nutrition during pregnancy and common physical and emotional effects of pregnancy. Instructors will also help you review infertility and risk factors associated with getting pregnant later in life. By the end of this chapter you will be able to:
- Detail testing methods for birth defects and examine some of the risk factors
- Outline the natural fertilization process and identify which cells are involved
- Create a timeline of the development of nervous, respiratory and other body systems in a fetus
- List some of the hazards, including drug use, that can interfere with proper prenatal development
- Explain each stage in the childbirth process and highlight some of the complications that can occur during labor and delivery
- Define a C-section and detail some of the risks
- Discuss types of labor complications, including preterm delivery, miscarriages, and stillbirths
- Describe postnatal care and SIDS
The engaging video lessons in this chapter allow you to progress at your own pace. You have complete control over which videos - or which sections of the videos - you choose to watch. You can play and replay segments at any time. You'll find that the timeline beneath the videos are handy for identifying where to find the topic you need to study. As you progress through this chapter, remember that you can track your progress on your Dashboard.
1. Genetic Birth Defects: Risk Factors, Epidemiology, and Testing
Birth defects can be caused by genetics and may pose several risk factors for a newborn. Learn about birth defects, different examples of birth defects, risk factors, epidemiology associated with these defects, and how to test for defects.
2. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes
Ovulation to implantation involves the journey of the oocyte through uterine tubes. Explore how the egg leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube, what happens to the egg if it is not fertilized, and the process of fertilization and cellular division.
3. Fetal Development By Trimester: Timeline of Body Systems
With each trimester, fetal development advances in order for it to grow into a health baby that will function and survive after birth. Discover more about fetal development, including the timeline of how fetal body systems develops within the three trimesters.
4. Prenatal Care: Nutrition
Prenatal care is the medical care provided to pregnant women throughout the duration of their pregnancy. Learn about prenatal nutrition, determine the advisable amount of caloric intake for pregnant mothers, and discover the recommended foods to eat, avoid, and limit during pregnancy.
5. Prenatal Care: Vitamins and Minerals
Prenatal care includes assisting pregnant women and ensuring that they are provided with sufficient nutrients. Learn about prenatal nutrition and learn the importance of vitamins and minerals to pregnant mothers and developing babies.
6. Prenatal Care: Avoiding Drugs and Environmental Hazards
Avoidance of drugs and environmental hazards is a crucial part of pregnancy, which is why it's included in prenatal care. Learn about toxic metals, toxic air, radiation, toxic drugs, and their negative effects on pregnant women and developing babies.
7. Prenatal Care: Physical Activity and Mental/Emotional Health
When providing prenatal care, the physical, mental, and emotional factors of the pregnant woman are considered. Learn about the physical activity, the amount of exercise needed, and the mental and emotional health of women during pregnancy.
8. The Three Stages of Labor: Dilation, Expulsion & Placental
The process of labor and delivery is divided into stages, with the end goal of parturition, or the forcible expulsion of the fetus from the mother's uterus. Learn more about the three stages of labor. including the dilation, expulsion, and placental stages.
9. Complications that Can Arise Before or During Childbirth
Pregnancy can be wonderful, but it can also be a dangerous, complicated process. This less explores complications that can occur during pregnancy or childbirth and how medical professionals deal with these complications.
10. Types of Labor Complication: Preterm, Miscarriages and Stillbirths
There are several types of complications that can arise during labor which can adversely affect the baby. Learn about the risks involved in preterm births, miscarriages, stillbirths, and complications that may require labor to be induced.
11. What is a C-Section? - Procedure, Types & Delivery
A Cesarean section (commonly known as a C-section) is a surgical procedure to deliver a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus. Learn more about some of the reasons for C-sections, the types and steps of C-section deliveries, and the possible risks involved in each.
12. Postnatal Care and SIDS
Research into post-natal care can help new mothers learn more about the benefits of breast milk and how it helps thwart childhood illnesses, and also steps parents can take that may prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Learn more about the definition and importance of postnatal care and what can be done in the home to curb the risk of a SIDS event occurring.
13. Infertility: Causes and Potential Options
Infertility is the state of being unable to conceive or achieve a pregnancy. Learn about the definition, causes, and reasons of infertility in men and women, and explore treatment options available for this condition.
14. The Risk of Giving Birth Later In Life
A woman's risk factors during childbirth increase with age. Learn the problems with giving birth later in life, including the complications that increase after the age of 35, and then explore the heightened risks of breast cancer, down syndrome, and autism.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Other chapters within the DSST Health & Human Development: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Introduction to Health and Wellness
- Psychosocial Health for Personal Wellness
- Mood Disorders and Personal Health
- Anxiety Disorders and Personal Health
- Psychotic Disorders and Personal Health
- Personality Disorders and Personal Health
- Stress Disorders and Personal Health
- Stress Management and Coping Mechanisms
- Addictive Behaviors and Drug Use
- Alcohol & Tobacco Use and Personal Health
- Drugs & Substance Use Disorders
- Healthy Relationships and Sexuality
- Contraception and Family Planning
- Sexual & Gender Identity Disorders and Personal Health
- Nutrition's Role in Health
- Fitness for Personal Health
- Weight Management for Personal Health
- The Aging Population and Personal Health
- Dying & Bereavement in Personal Health
- Cardiovascular, Respiratory, & Endocrine Health
- Cancer and Personal Health
- Immune Disorders & Infectious Conditions
- Diabetes, Arthritis, and Genetic-Related Disorders
- Neurological Disorders, Symptoms & Conditions
- Introduction to Environmental Health and Risk Analysis
- Environmental Health: Issues and Human Concerns
- Intentional Violence and Injury
- Personal Safety Precautions
- Consumer Awareness of Health Care
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Health & Human Development Flashcards