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Ch 10: Human Skeletal System

About This Chapter

Watch the video lessons in this chapter and explore the anatomy of the human skeletal system. Review the types of bones while studying their functions and locations throughout the body.

Human Skeletal System - Chapter Summary

Use our video lessons to refresh your memory of the human skeletal system. Instructors discuss the functions and structures -- including the axial and appendicular skeletons -- of this body system. You'll review how bones form and examine the anatomy of bones from the skull to the feet. The lessons cover joints and joint movement as well. After you complete the chapter, you should be prepared to:

  • Identify major skull and face bones
  • Explain the function of vertebral column and rib bones
  • Describe the anatomy of the shoulder, arm and hand bones
  • Recognize the names of the leg and foot bones
  • Discuss the function of pelvis bones
  • Describe the functions of joints
  • List the types of joint movements

Developed by professional instructors, our video lessons are entertaining and take just a few minutes of your time to watch. During study sessions, you can use the video tags to go back and rewatch key points in addition to reading over the lesson transcripts. Each lesson has a multiple-choice quiz, which you can take to test your understanding of the skeletal system.

10 Lessons in Chapter 10: Human Skeletal System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Skeletal System: Function and Terms

1. The Skeletal System: Function and Terms

The human skeletal system is comprised of the axial skeleton (the central parts of the skeleton, including the skull, vertebral column and rib cage) and appendicular skeleton (the peripheral parts of the skeletal system, including all of the bones in the arms, legs and the pelvic and pectoral girdles). Discover the parts of a long bone (diaphysis, epiphysis, and metaphysis), and the functions of osteoblasts and osteoclasts in bone formation.

Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location

2. Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location

The human skull is not one single bone, but six bones fused together: four unpaired and two paired. Learn the names and locations of the six major bones in the skull: the sphenoid, ethmoid, frontal, occipital, temporal, and parietal bones.

Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location

3. Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location

The human body contains eight facial bones which are necessary to protect the brain, sense organs (sight, smell, & taste), and act as the base for soft tissue formation. Learn about the bones of the face (lacrimal, nasal, vomer, zygomatic, maxilla, mandible, palatine, & inferior nasal conchae), the function and location of each bone, and which facial bones are paired.

Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function

4. Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function

The ribcage, supported by the spine, protects vital organs like the lungs and heart from damage. Explore the functions of the bones of the vertical column and ribcage, including the vertebrae, sternum, costal cartilages, and ribs.

Bones of the Arm and Hand: Anatomy and Functions

5. Bones of the Arm and Hand: Anatomy and Functions

Humans have a complex anatomical system of bones in the hands and arms that allow us to grasp and move items. Discover the functions of: the phalanges (finger and toe bones), metacarpals (between fingers and carpals), carpals (wrists), radius (forearm), ulna (parallel to the radius), and humerus (connects shoulder and forearm).

Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions

6. Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions

The shoulder contains many components, and damage to any one of them can injure the entire shoulder. Explore the anatomy and functions of the bones in the shoulder, including the humerus, glenoid cavity, scapula, clavicle, and acromion.

Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions

7. Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions

The structure of the leg allows for the strength and form needed to kick a field goal. Explore the names, anatomy, and functions of the bones in the leg and foot, including the femur, tibia, patella, fibula, tarsals, and metatarsals.

Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function

8. Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function

The pelvis protects the bladder, provides structure for the hips, and connects the legs to the spine. Explore the functions and components of the bones in the pelvis, including the ilium, ischium, pubis, sacrum, pelvic cavity, and acetabulum.

Joints: Structure and Functions

9. Joints: Structure and Functions

Joints are locations throughout the human skeletal system where two or more bones come together to allow for movement and support of the body. Learn about the structure of joints, the function of joint capsules, synovial membrane, bursa, meniscus, and the importance of synovial fluid in reducing friction between bones.

Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function

10. Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function

The joints in the body are categorized depending on the movement they make. Learn about the different types of joints and their movements and how tissue structure affects the function of the joints.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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More Exams
There are even more practice exams available in Human Skeletal System.

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