About This Chapter
Human Skeletal System - Chapter Summary
Use our video lessons to refresh your memory of the human skeletal system. Instructors discuss the functions and structures -- including the axial and appendicular skeletons -- of this body system. You'll review how bones form and examine the anatomy of bones from the skull to the feet. The lessons cover joints and joint movement as well. After you complete the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Identify major skull and face bones
- Explain the function of vertebral column and rib bones
- Describe the anatomy of the shoulder, arm and hand bones
- Recognize the names of the leg and foot bones
- Discuss the function of pelvis bones
- Describe the functions of joints
- List the types of joint movements
Developed by professional instructors, our video lessons are entertaining and take just a few minutes of your time to watch. During study sessions, you can use the video tags to go back and rewatch key points in addition to reading over the lesson transcripts. Each lesson has a multiple-choice quiz, which you can take to test your understanding of the skeletal system.
1. The Skeletal System: Function and Terms
You'll learn about the two major divisions of our skeleton, the axial and appendicular skeleton, in this video lesson. In addition, you will find out how bone is formed, thanks to tiny little cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and what the major parts of a long bone are.
2. Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location
Your eyeballs, ear and brain all depend on skull bones to give them a place to live. These bones include the frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid and ethmoid bone. Review these bones and their purposes in this lesson.
3. Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location
In this lesson, learn which bones help you cry, breathe, eat and see as we review the maxilla, mandible, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, vomer and palatine bones of the face. Then, learn which bones are paired.
4. Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function
Learn about the importance of your ribs, vertebrae, and sternum. If it wasn't for them, you wouldn't be alive. You'll also find out what strange sounding words like manubrium and xyphoid mean.
5. Bones of the Arm and Hand: Anatomy and Functions
The humerus isn't all that funny; it plays an important role in your body. Likewise, the radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals and phalanges are all important components of your arm, wrist and fingers.
6. Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions
Did you know that your shoulder joint is made up of many different parts? In this lesson, you'll learn about the clavicle, scapula, glenoid cavity, and acromion, as well as some of their more common names.
7. Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions
Find out about the major bones which help you walk. We'll go over the femur, patella, fibula, tibia, tarsals, metatarsals, and something called the trochanter.
8. Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function
In this lesson, you will learn about your hips and the important structures involved in their formation. The ilium, ischium, pubis, acetabulum, pelvic cavity, and sacrum will all be covered.
9. Joints: Structure and Functions
Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.
10. Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function
Find out how your joints are categorized. You'll learn about the synovial, cartilaginous, and fibrous joints as well as diarthrosis, synarthrosis, and amphiarthrosis.
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- Motor Skills & Movement Activities
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- Muscular System Functions
- Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System
- Connective Tissue Overview
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- Student Learning & Motivation
- Managing the Physical Education Classroom
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- Measurement & Analysis for Student Assessments
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