Ch 4: Humanities in Rome and Late Antiquity (250 CE-550 CE)

About This Chapter

Study Rome and Late Antiquity from 250 CE-550 CE by reviewing this chapter's short lessons. Gain general knowledge or study for a class that is exploring Stoicism, Cicero, Christian and Roman art and much more.

Humanities in Rome and Late Antiquity (250 CE-550 CE) - Chapter Summary

If you're learning about Rome and Late Antiquity in an art appreciation, history or a general humanities class and need help completing a homework assignment or studying for a test, this chapter can help! Top instructors have developed engaging lessons that explore philosophy, art, architecture, religion and more during the years 250 CE-550 CE. Enjoy access to the lessons anytime from your smartphone, computer or tablet, and take advantage of the ability to test your knowledge with multiple-choice quizzes and a chapter exam. After reviewing the lessons, you will comprehend the following:

  • Stoicism and the history and philosophy of Cicero
  • Roman myths, religion, engineering, art and architecture
  • Characteristics and history of Byzantine art and architecture
  • Symbolism and characteristics of early Christian art
  • History of Romanesque architecture

9 Lessons in Chapter 4: Humanities in Rome and Late Antiquity (250 CE-550 CE)
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Roman Myths and Religion

1. Roman Myths and Religion

This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.

Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy

2. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy

This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.

Cicero: History & Philosophy

3. Cicero: History & Philosophy

This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.

Roman Engineering and Architecture

4. Roman Engineering and Architecture

This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.

Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

5. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.

Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism

6. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism

This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.

Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics

7. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics

This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.

Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples

8. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples

In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.

Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History

9. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History

In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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