About This Chapter
Ideologies of Social Difference - Chapter Summary
These lessons explain the ideologies of social distance as they apply to the study of cultural diversity. Topics include the difference between stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination, as well as examples of all of these concepts. You'll learn the definition of racism, its history and examples of it in action. Additional lessons describe the meaning of Social Darwinism and how ethnocentrism is defined in sociology. After completing this chapter, you should be ready to:
- Define social distance and the theories associated with it
- Explain what sexism is and its different contexts
- Describe the history of homophobia and heterosexism
- Outline the history of classism
- Give an example of ableism
- Detail how the elderly are stereotyped and the definition of ageism
Our short, interesting video and text lessons cover the topics you need to know to study for a test in an easy-to-follow way. Each video lesson can be navigated using the video tabs feature, so you can skip ahead to a section you'd like to watch. If you have questions or need assistance, our instructors are able to help. Feel free to study on your mobile phone, tablet or computer 24 hours a day for completely flexible and convenient learning options.
1. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
2. Social Distance: Definition & Theory
Social distance exists in all societies. It is a perceived construct that is different for each individual, but is influenced by the culture in which a person lives. This lesson defines social distance and reviews its characteristics.
3. What Is Racism? - Definition, Examples & History
In this lesson, we will consider the meaning of the word 'racism.' We will define the word and look at how it has manifested itself throughout history by considering some examples.
4. Social Darwinism: Definition & Meaning
Social Darwinism got its name due to the similar foundation it has to Charles Darwin's concepts of natural selection and the survival of the fittest. Darwin used these concepts to explain evolution. Learn about how these concepts are applied socially.
5. Ethnocentrism in Sociology: Definition & Examples
Have you ever taken a first look at someone different than you and immediately thought, 'He's a bad guy,' or 'I don't like him,' even though you had no specific reason? Sure, you don't have to like everyone you meet; however, if you assign a negative label to anyone different from you without reason, then ethnocentrism might be at play!
6. Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts
Sexism and gender differences can be seen in several different contexts within most modern societies. This lesson covers institutional sexism in four general areas: the workplace, family life at home, politics, and the military.
7. Heterosexism & Homophobia: Definition, Examples & History
Heterosexuality is considered the dominant form of sexuality in our society. In this lesson, we'll talk about heterosexism, which is the idea that heterosexuality is the only form of sexuality. We'll also discuss homophobia, which refers to a hatred of individuals who do not identify as heterosexual.
8. History of Classism
There is no way to cover the entirety of what classism means in a short article, but this article will give you a brief introduction to the history of classism, and how it interacts with other kinds of prejudice and oppression.
9. Ableism: Definition & Examples
Like racism and sexism, ableism is a form of discrimination against people. Unlike racism and sexism, ableism is sometimes invisible, as it has less to do with hating the disabled, and more to do with assumptions about normal ability status.
10. Ageism & Stereotyping the Elderly: Definition & Examples
With this lesson, we will explore the cultural phenomena of ageism and stereotyping an individual due to their age. What stereotypes do you think you have against the elderly or growing older?
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Other chapters within the UExcel Cultural Diversity: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Introduction to Culture
- Culture-Related Concepts
- Social Construction & Power
- Categories of Social Difference
- Stratification of Difference in Society
- Direct & Indirect Discrimination
- Theories of Prejudice
- Relations in the Multicultural Society
- Native Americans in the U.S.
- African Americans in the U.S.
- Latin Americans in the U.S.
- Asian, Jewish & Middle Eastern Americans
- Collective Responses to Dominance & Inequality
- Inequality & Key Social Movements
- Dominance & Legislative Processes
- UExcel Cultural Diversity Flashcards