About This Chapter
Illnesses and Diseases - Chapter Summary
The material in this chapter will help you improve your understanding of the illnesses caused by diseases and infections. Start by watching the lesson videos, taught by our professional instructors, to review the different types of diseases and infections, factors that affect their progression, and the different ways of preventing them. After these lessons you should possess a better understanding of:
- Differences between infections and diseases
- Primary prevention strategies
- Common progression of diseases from infection to recovery
- Endemics, epidemics, pandemics and how diseases spread
- Causes and prevention strategies for nosocomial infections
- Different routes of infectious disease transmission
- Effects of chronic illness and chronic illness management
- Sexually transmitted infections and risk reduction
Use your mobile device to watch these lessons whenever and wherever you have the time. Then read the written lesson transcripts to reinforce your retention of the information presented. After you've completed a lesson and have read over its transcript, take the lesson's quiz to see how much of the lesson you remember. To re-review the topics you missed, use the video tags from the quiz results to return to the locations of the lessons that discussed them. Whenever you find a topic you don't understand, be sure to ask our professional instructors for assistance via the teacher tabs of the lessons.
1. The Differences Between Infection and Disease
This lesson will go over the differences between an infection and a disease. We'll cover everything from prions and infectivity to opportunistic infections and idiopathic disease. We'll also learn what the etiology of disease is and much more.
2. Primary Prevention: Definition, Strategies & Examples
In this lesson you will learn about primary prevention in health. These actions can help you avoid getting certain diseases, sicknesses, injuries and conditions that are not beneficial to the body.
3. Progress of Disease: Infection to Recovery
This lesson will teach you about the five basic steps of the development of disease, what they are called, and what occurs during each phase. We'll talk about the incubation and prodromal period as well as the periods of convalescence, decline, and illness.
4. The Spread of Disease: Endemic, Epidemic & Pandemic
This lesson will talk about what an endemic disease is and how it is different from an epidemic. We'll also discuss how an epidemic differs from something known as a pandemic. Finally, we'll look at some examples of each to help solidify these points.
5. Nosocomial Infections: Definition, Causes & Prevention
In this lesson, you will learn about what a nosocomial infection is. We'll discuss, in particular, the many reasons you may get such an infection, which types of pathogens are most likely to cause one, and the most common places in your body you may acquire one.
6. The Different Routes of Infectious Disease Transmission
This lesson will discuss the different ways you can get sick. We'll discuss how pathogenic microbes can be transmitted to you or someone else as we explore horizontal and vertical transmission as well as vectors, vehicles, and fomites.
7. How Stress Affects Digestion
Stress can do more to your digestive system than leave you with an upset stomach. Learn how stress affects digestion, including conditions that have been linked to stress, such as irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease.
8. Reducing Your Risk for Sexually Transmitted Infections
This lesson will describe for you the many ways by which you can help prevent a terrible STD from affecting your body, including abstinence, mutual monogamy, and more!
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Other chapters within the WEST Health/Fitness (029): Practice & Study Guide course
- Human Growth & Development
- Childhood Growth and Development
- Adolescent Growth and Development
- Adult Growth and Development
- Overview of the Human Body
- Physical Fitness & Nutrition
- Functional Properties of Nutrients
- Nutrients and the Body
- Vitamins in Nutrition
- Nutritional Balance
- The Risk of Eating Disorders to Nutrition
- Emotional and Mental Health
- Enhancing Social Health
- Social Systems & Communication
- Family Structures & Issues
- Prejudice, Aggression & Conflict
- Factors Influencing Health
- Public Health Emphasis
- Health Screening
- Healthy Relationships and Sexuality
- Influences in Sexual Relationships
- Alcohol & Tobacco Use and Personal Health
- Drugs & Substance Use Disorders
- Making Decisions in Health Care
- Health Protection Laws and Programs
- Media & Advertising of Health Information
- Injury Prevention and Safety Strategies
- Emergency Care
- Principles of Motor Development, Learning & Control
- Gross Anatomy & Functions of the Muscular System
- Elements of Human Growth & Energy
- Principles of Rhythmic Activities
- Principles of Gymnastic Activities
- Principles of Individual & Outdoor Activities
- Effective Teaching Strategies
- Approaches to Instruction
- Principles of Dual & Team Sports
- Principles of Cooperative & Group Games
- The Skeletal System & Connective Tissue
- Understanding & Assessing Fitness
- Principles & Benefits of Physical Fitness
- Promoting Health & Fitness Components
- Developing Physical Fitness Plans
- Impact of Physical Activity on Personal & Social Behaviors
- Teaching Techniques for Health Educators
- Managing & Coping with Stress
- Careers in Health & Fitness
- WEST Health/Fitness Flashcards