About This Chapter
ILTS Business, Marketing and Computer Education - Accounting Cycle: Chapter Summary
Learn about the purpose and importance of accounting and its relationship to business through this chapter on the accounting cycle. This series of video lessons can be an excellent study guide if you're preparing for the Illinois Licensure Testing System (ILTS) Business, Marketing and Computer Education content area exam. Other topics addressed in this chapter include the purpose and importance of financial and income statements, as well as the following:
- Components and formatting of balance sheets and statements of cash flows
- External audits of financial statements
- The accounting equation
- Source documents in accounting
- Using accounts to categorize transactions
ILTS Business, Marketing and Computer Education - Accounting Cycle Objectives
Public school business, marketing and computer education teachers in Illinois need to hold certification through the Illinois State Board of Education. To earn certification, you need to meet education and practicum requirements and pass the ILTS Business, Marketing and Computer Education content area test. This 125 multiple-choice-question exam is offered six times each year. Questions about the accounting cycle can be found in the exam's subarea on accounting practices and principles.
This chapter on the accounting cycle features brief video lessons and self-assessment quizzes. There is no limit to the number of times you can watch these videos or take these quizzes to make sure you're fully prepared for the ILTS Business, Marketing and Computer Education exam.
1. What Is Accounting? - Purpose, Importance & Relationship to Business
Just as French is considered the language of love, accounting is considered the language of business. In this lesson, you will learn exactly what accounting is. You will also learn the purpose of accounting, why it is important, and how it relates to the business world.
2. The Accounting Cycle: Definition, Steps & Examples
Accounting is essential to the proper and efficient functioning of a business. In fact, it is often referred to as the 'language of business.' In this lesson, you'll learn about the steps in the accounting cycle. A short quiz follows.
3. What Are Financial Statements? - Definition, Purpose & Importance
Financial statements are big players in the world of accounting. In this lesson, you will be introduced to each of the financial statements. You will also learn what their role is in the accounting industry, who they are important to and why they are important.
4. The Balance Sheet: Purpose, Components & Format
There are four financial reports that make up a group known as the financial statements. We will take a walk with one of those reports - the balance sheet - and learn what it is, what items are included on it and what its role in the group is.
5. What Is an Income Statement? - Purpose, Components & Format
There are four financial reports that are created during the accounting cycle. These four reports make up what is commonly known as the financial statements. In this lesson, we will focus our attention on the income statement. We will learn what the income statement is, what its role in the financial statements is, and why it is important in accounting.
6. The Statement of Cash Flows: Purpose, Format & Examples
There are four financial reports that are required in financial statements. In this lesson, you will learn about the fourth and final report - the statement of cash flows. You'll learn what the makeup of the statement is, its purpose, and why it is important to users of the financial statements.
7. Preparing the Basic Income Statement and Statement of Retained Earnings
Preparing financial statements can be tricky. In this lesson, we are going to talk about how to prepare the first two basic financial statements: the income statement and the statement of retained earnings.
8. External Audits of Financial Statements
Financial statements are one of the most heavily relied upon group of reports in the business world, and they must be accurate and reliable. In this lesson, you'll learn about financial statement audits, who performs them, and why they are important.
9. The Fundamental Principles of Accounting
Accounting is an art, but just as with any form of art, you need the right tools to make your masterpiece. For accounting, those tools are the seven major accounting principles. In this lesson, you will learn what those principles are and what they are used for.
10. The Accounting Equation: Definition & Components
There are a few basic building blocks that form the foundation of accounting. One of those is the accounting equation. In this lesson, you will learn what makes up the accounting equation, its purpose, and how it works.
11. Source Documents in Accounting: Definition and Purpose
Do you know what role source documents play in accounting? If not, don't worry; by the end of this lesson, you will. You will also learn the definition of source documents and see some common examples of source documents.
12. Using the Accounting Equation: Adding Revenues, Expenses & Dividends
Accounting is built on a solid foundation called the basic accounting equation. In this lesson, you're going to learn what happens when you add revenue, expenses, and dividends to the basic equation.
13. What Are Accounts? - Definition and Use to Categorize Transactions
Everything in this world is made up of parts. Accounting is no different. The numerous parts that exist in the accounting world are called accounts. In this lesson, you will learn what accounts are, how they are classified, and what they do.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the ILTS Business, Marketing, and Computer Education (171): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- ILTS Business: Applied Accounting
- ILTS Business: Accounting Principles
- ILTS Business: Types of Investments
- ILTS Business: Business Partnerships
- ILTS Business: Evaluating Company Performance
- ILTS Business: Economic Basics
- ILTS Business: The US Economy
- ILTS Business: Fiscal & Monetary Policy
- ILTS Business: Economics of a Firm
- ILTS Business: Global Economics
- ILTS Business: Marketing Basics
- ILTS Business: Product Pricing & Selling
- ILTS Business: Product Development & Distribution
- ILTS Business: Product Promotion
- ILTS Business: Market Research
- ILTS Business: Selling & Customer Service
- ILTS Business: Entrepreneurship
- ILTS Business: Management
- ILTS Business: Organizational Structure
- ILTS Business: Teams in a Business Setting
- ILTS Business: Leadership
- ILTS Business: Human Resource Management
- ILTS Business: Business Ethics
- ILTS Business: Business Law
- ILTS Business: Global Business
- ILTS Business: Challenges of Globalization
- ILTS Business: Business Communication
- ILTS Business: Computer Basics
- ILTS Business: Information Systems & Applications
- ILTS Business: The Internet and Business
- ILTS Business, Marketing, and Computer Education Flashcards