About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering information about the most important philosophers throughout history will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the beliefs and contributions of important philosophers in history. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
- Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
- Students who have fallen behind in memorizing the most historically important philosophers
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning about world history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam
How It Works:
- Complete each lesson in the chapter to review all key topics.
- Refer to the lesson to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
- Complete your review with the Important Philosophers in History chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging instruction and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Important Philosophers in History chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any world history question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: View lessons on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about important philosophers for a standard world history course. You'll study the biographies, beliefs and contributions of the following philosophers:
- Rene Descartes
- Ibn Rushd
- John Locke
- Robert Boyle
- Ernst Haeckel
- Joseph Priestley
1. Rene Descartes: Biography, Facts & Quotes
Learn about Rene Descartes' family, education, travels, and personal life. Descartes spent much of his life writing, thinking, and corresponding with his close friends like Marin Mersenne.
2. Rene Descartes: Contributions & Achievements
In this lesson, you will learn about Rene Descartes, a mathematical and philosophical genius. You will also learn about the most famous phrase in the history of philosophy.
3. Ibn Rushd: Biography, Quotes & Books
In this lesson, we will learn about the Muslim philosopher ibn Rushd. He is generally considered to be not only the most important Muslim philosopher, but one of the most important thinkers of world history.
4. John Locke: Biography, Beliefs & Facts
John Locke had enduring friendships with other thinkers like Anthony Ashley Cooper and Damaris Masham. Learn about Locke's family and friendships, the political and religious turmoil that shaped his life, and the health problems that eventually killed him.
5. Robert Boyle: Biography, Facts & Quotes
In this lesson we will learn about the life of Robert Boyle, an Irish chemist who played an important role in the Scientific Revolution. We will explore his family life, education, religious attitude, and experience in Oxford, England.
6. Robert Boyle: Inventions, Atomic Theory & Discoveries
In the 17th century, Robert Boyle made groundbreaking advances in chemistry. In fact, there's even a law named after him: Boyle's Law. Boyle stressed the importance of experimental work, in contrast to the ideas of Aristotelianism.
7. Ernst Haeckel: Biography, Facts & Theory
In this lesson, we explore the life and work of Ernst Haeckel. A German biologist, zoologist, and proponent of evolution, Haeckel made great contributions to science and, unfortunately, the rise of Nazism.
8. Joseph Priestley: Biography, Contributions & Experiments
In this lesson, you will gain basic knowledge of Joseph Priestley. The lesson will provide a brief biography of his life, some of his contributions and his experiments that influenced many people.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Important People in World History Study Guide course
- Important Religious Figures in History
- Famous Philosophers
- Important Scientists, Inventors & Explorers
- U.S. Political & Revolutionary Leaders
- Famous European & African Leaders
- Famous Asian & Russian World Leaders
- Important Artists & Literary Figures in History
- Important Engineers in History
- Important Inventors in History
- Important Mathematicians in History
- Leaders in Ancient History