Ch 12: Important Physicians in History

About This Chapter

Use this study guide chapter to learn or review information about important physicians in history. Access the chapter's short lessons and practice quizzes whenever you need to bring up your science grades or prepare for an upcoming exam.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering information about important physicians will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the world's most historically significant physicians. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing information about important physicians
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning about science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Complete each lesson in the chapter to review all key topics.
  • Refer to the lesson to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the Important Physicians in History chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging instruction and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Important Physicians in History chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any science question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: View lessons on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about important physicians for a standard science course. You'll study the lives and works of the following physicians:

  • Hans Selye
  • Santiago Ramon y Cajal
  • Andreas Vesalius
  • William Harvey
  • Karl Landsteiner
  • Galen
  • Marcello Malpighi
  • Hermann von Helmholtz
  • Rudolf Virchow
  • Virginia Apgar
  • Benjamin Cabrera
  • Mae Carol Jemison
  • Alfred Blalock
  • Jonas Salk

18 Lessons in Chapter 12: Important Physicians in History
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Hans Selye: Biography, Theory & Contributions

1. Hans Selye: Biography, Theory & Contributions

This lesson will describe the life of Hans Selye, who created the General Adaptation Syndrome, or stress syndrome, after discovering sickness in rats. We'll also examine how his work advanced medicine by opening an entire field of study for future scientists to explore.

Santiago Ramon y Cajal: Biography & Quotes

2. Santiago Ramon y Cajal: Biography & Quotes

Physician, scientist and artist Santiago Ramon y Cajal did much more in his life than that for which he is best-known- developing the groundwork for the neuron doctrine. In this lesson we'll take a look at his childhood and personal life.

Santiago Ramon y Cajal: Discovery, Inventions & Books

3. Santiago Ramon y Cajal: Discovery, Inventions & Books

Santiago Ramon y Cajal is best known for this Nobel Prize-winning research, but he made a number of other discoveries as well. In this lesson we'll cover the basics of Cajal's professional accomplishments.

Andreas Vesalius: Biography, Facts & Quotes

4. Andreas Vesalius: Biography, Facts & Quotes

You may not know of Andreas Vesalius, but his work highly progressed medical knowledge of the human body. In this lesson, find out who he was and why he was so important to medicine and even Darwin!

Andreas Vesalius: Discoveries & Accomplishments

5. Andreas Vesalius: Discoveries & Accomplishments

Underestimated genius who applied practices that where way ahead his time or barbaric practitioner: which one was Andreas Vesalius? Learn all about this anatomist and doctor in this lesson.

William Harvey: Biography, Discoveries & Accomplishments

6. William Harvey: Biography, Discoveries & Accomplishments

This lesson will describe the life and accomplishments of Dr. William Harvey. We will discuss his discovery of the circulatory system, as well as the impact his discovery has had on the medical community.

Karl Landsteiner: Blood Group Experiment & Achievements

7. Karl Landsteiner: Blood Group Experiment & Achievements

Do you know who Karl Landsteiner is and what role he played in your heath? He might be more important to your life then you ever thought. Read all about his amazing discoveries in this lesson.

Galen the Physician: Biography, Discoveries & Facts

8. Galen the Physician: Biography, Discoveries & Facts

Hippocrates, Aristotle, and Plato are some of the most famous ancient Greeks. Another one, Galen, isn't as well-known but actually played a huge role in influencing medical thought for centuries. Find out more about him in this lesson.

Marcello Malpighi: Biography, Discoveries & Contributions

9. Marcello Malpighi: Biography, Discoveries & Contributions

In this lesson, you will learn about the father of microscopic anatomy, the remarkable Marcello Malpighi, who made many discoveries that form the foundation of today's microscopy. Learn about this incredible scientist in this lesson.

Hermann von Helmholtz: Biography, Inventions & Theory

10. Hermann von Helmholtz: Biography, Inventions & Theory

Can you imagine a genius that was passionate about music and philosophy, served in the army, studied medicine and worked as a physicist? In this lesson, we will learn about the incredible Hermann von Helmholtz.

Rudolf Virchow: Biography, Quotes & Facts

11. Rudolf Virchow: Biography, Quotes & Facts

Rudolph Virchow is not a name you commonly hear but he was one of the world's most important and famous physicians of his day. Find out more about him in this lesson.

Rudolf Virchow: Discovery, Cell Theory & Contributions

12. Rudolf Virchow: Discovery, Cell Theory & Contributions

In this lesson, you will learn about the German scientist and physician Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow who played an important role in forwarding the cell theory, which laid the groundwork for modern day cellular pathology.

Virginia Apgar: Biography, Facts & Quotes

13. Virginia Apgar: Biography, Facts & Quotes

Virginia Apgar was a fascinating individual who affected great change in the world of medicine. In this lesson, learn about her upbringing, academic achievements, outside interests and some of her most famous quotations.

Virginia Apgar: Inventions, Awards & Accomplishments

14. Virginia Apgar: Inventions, Awards & Accomplishments

In this lesson, follow the ever-evolving career of the energetic Dr. Virginia Apgar.  You'll learn of the amazing achievements one woman was able to accomplish during a lifetime of active commitment to medicine.

Benjamin Cabrera: Biography, Inventions & Contributions

15. Benjamin Cabrera: Biography, Inventions & Contributions

This lesson will discuss the life and career of Benjamin Cabrera. We will examine his work in the prevention and treatment of malaria, and the treatment of some worm-borne diseases.

Mae Carol Jemison: Biography & Accomplishments

16. Mae Carol Jemison: Biography & Accomplishments

Mae Carol Jemison, a NASA astronaut, engineer and physician, was the first African-American woman to travel to space. Learn more about her life and accomplishments in this lesson.

Alfred Blalock: Biography & Quotes

17. Alfred Blalock: Biography & Quotes

This lesson will study the personal and professional life of Dr. Alfred Blalock. We will examine the exciting medical breakthroughs he developed, as well as his family life. This lesson will also introduce us to the film that was created to depict his work in surgery.

Jonas Salk & the Polio Vaccine

18. Jonas Salk & the Polio Vaccine

When you go to the doctor for a shot, you probably don't think about immunity, or the work that went into the development of the vaccine. This lesson will discuss Jonas Salk and his work in developing the polio vaccine.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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