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Ch 3: Important Scientists, Inventors & Explorers

About This Chapter

The Important Scientists, Inventors and Explorers chapter of this Important People in World History Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study the major discoveries, contributions and works of historically-famous individuals. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus it includes lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you understand essential concepts associated with important scientists, inventors and explorers.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering the Important Scientists, Inventors and Explorers material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about important scientists, inventors and explorers. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with important scientists, inventors and explorers
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning world history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Watch each video in the course to review all key topics.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the Important Scientists, Inventors and Explorers chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: The lessons in this course cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Important Scientists, Inventors and Explorers chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any world history question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about important scientists, inventors and explorers for a standard world history course. Topics covered include:

  • The discoveries of Christopher Columbus
  • Accomplishments of Nicholaus Copernicus
  • The discoveries of Galileo
  • Contributions of Isaac Newton
  • Benjamin Franklin's autobiography
  • The discoveries of Carolus Linnaeus
  • The voyages of Charles Darwin
  • Thomas Edison's discoveries
  • Albert Einstein's contributions

30 Lessons in Chapter 3: Important Scientists, Inventors & Explorers
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

1. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.

Facts about Isaac Newton: Laws, Discoveries & Contributions

2. Facts about Isaac Newton: Laws, Discoveries & Contributions

Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist whose discoveries have led him to be considered one of the most important and influential scientists in history. This lesson will cover his achievements and discoveries.

Benjamin Franklin: Quotes and Autobiography

3. Benjamin Franklin: Quotes and Autobiography

Everyone knows Benjamin Franklin flew a kite in a storm and that he signed the Declaration of Independence. But how much do you know about his writing? In this lesson, we'll look at two of his most famous works and how they influenced American literature.

Carolus Linnaeus: Classification, Taxonomy & Contributions to Biology

4. Carolus Linnaeus: Classification, Taxonomy & Contributions to Biology

There are millions of species on Earth. How can we name and organize all of them without getting confused? We use a system developed in the 1700s by Carolus Linnaeus. Learn more about him and his contributions in this lesson.

Charles Darwin: Voyages, Theories & Works

5. Charles Darwin: Voyages, Theories & Works

In this lesson we explore the life and voyages of the 19th-century British naturalist Charles Darwin and his formulation of the theory of natural selection.

Christopher Columbus' Discoveries: History & Summary

6. Christopher Columbus' Discoveries: History & Summary

Christopher Columbus is known the world over as 'the man who discovered America' despite the fact that he was not the first European to do so when he landed in the Americas in 1492. Learn about Christopher Columbus' voyages of 'discovery' in this lesson.

Nicholaus Copernicus: Accomplishments, Facts & Theory

7. Nicholaus Copernicus: Accomplishments, Facts & Theory

Explore the life and accomplishments of Renaissance astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus, and test your understanding of Copernicus' works and influence on modern astronomy.

Who Was Thomas Edison? - Biography, Facts & Timeline

8. Who Was Thomas Edison? - Biography, Facts & Timeline

Learn about the famous inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Wizard of Menlo Park who was the driving force behind many of today's most useful tools including phones, television, and even X-rays.

Who was Albert Einstein? - Theory, Facts & Quotes

9. Who was Albert Einstein? - Theory, Facts & Quotes

Albert Einstein was Time Magazine's Person of the Century in 1999 for many good reasons. This lesson takes a quick look at Einstein's life, works, and his influence on the world.

Explorer Sebastian Cabot: Biography and Facts

10. Explorer Sebastian Cabot: Biography and Facts

In this lesson, learn about explorer Sebastian Cabot and his contributions to navigation in the 16th Century. Understand Cabot's role in the early exploration of the western hemisphere.

George Westinghouse: Inventions & Biography

11. George Westinghouse: Inventions & Biography

George Westinghouse was an American inventor of the 19th century. In this lesson, we'll examine his inventions and see what impact they had on American history.

Thomas Edison & George Westinghouse

12. Thomas Edison & George Westinghouse

Discover the great rivalry between Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse, two giants in the science of electricity. Explore the controversy over electrocution and death by electricity that erupted in New York in the 1880s, and learn about the strategies each inventor used to promote his vision for the future of electrical power in America.

Nikola Tesla & George Westinghouse

13. Nikola Tesla & George Westinghouse

In this lesson we will learn about two famous innovators, Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse. We will explore their life, achievements, and see why they are important historical figures.

Joseph Glidden: Inventions and Biography

14. Joseph Glidden: Inventions and Biography

In this lesson, we'll learn about Joseph Glidden and how his invention of barbed wire changed American society and shaped the American frontier and settlement of the Great Plains.

Who Was Leif Erikson? - Facts and Biography

15. Who Was Leif Erikson? - Facts and Biography

Leif Erikson may have been one of the greatest explorers in European history, but where exactly did he end up? In this lesson we'll talk about Leif Erikson's life and achievements, and examine his claims to fame.

Famous Dyslexics

16. Famous Dyslexics

In this lesson, you'll learn about the definition of dyslexia, as well as the many famous people throughout history who have had it or are suspected of having it, and the many things they accomplished despite this.

Nobel Prize in Economics: Winners & Contributions

17. Nobel Prize in Economics: Winners & Contributions

The Nobel Prize is an incredibly prestigious award. In this lesson, we're going to look at recipients in the field of economics, and explore the influence their work has had on the world.

Nobel Prize in Literature: Winners & Works

18. Nobel Prize in Literature: Winners & Works

The Nobel Prize in Literature is an internationally recognized award for those whose works not only challenge the field, but all of humanity. In this lesson, take a look at a few notable laureates, and see how their examples shaped the world.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Winners

19. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Winners

Everyone wants to win a Nobel Prize, but which one? In this lesson, we'll talk about the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, and look at some notable past winners.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Winners & Contributions

20. Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Winners & Contributions

The focal point of this lesson is on the highest honor one can attain in chemistry, the Nobel Prize. We take a brief look at some of the more important recipients and discuss how their work has impacted the field of chemistry.

Nobel Prize in Physics: Winners & Contributions

21. Nobel Prize in Physics: Winners & Contributions

Given once a year to physicists whose discoveries have made huge contributions to the field and to our daily lives, the Nobel Prize in Physics is the most prestigious award in science. Learn about some winners and their significant achievements.

Nobel Peace Prize: Definition & Winners

22. Nobel Peace Prize: Definition & Winners

The Nobel Peace Prize is among the most respected awards in the world. In this lesson, we are going to check out the award, as well as some of its previous recipients.

Robert de La Salle: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments

23. Robert de La Salle: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments

We can get so caught up talking about British North America, that we sometimes forget how much of the continent was once controlled by the French. In this lesson, we'll see how Robert de La Salle helped shape early colonial North America.

Willis Carrier, Inventor of Air Conditioning: Biography & Quotes

24. Willis Carrier, Inventor of Air Conditioning: Biography & Quotes

In this lesson we will learn about the life and work of Willis Carrier, an American engineer famous for introducing the term 'air conditioning' and designing the first working units in the first and second decades of the 20th century.

Christopher Sholes: Biography & Inventions

25. Christopher Sholes: Biography & Inventions

Christopher Sholes was a 19th-century American inventor who spent a number of years working for newspapers before obtaining a patent for the typewriter. In this lesson, you will learn about his life and inventions.

Jacques Cousteau: Biography, Inventions & Exploration

26. Jacques Cousteau: Biography, Inventions & Exploration

Jacques-Yves Cousteau was a scientist, naval officer, explorer, inventor, writer, and filmmaker. By the 1970s, he was a celebrity with his own television series. He worked to inspire people to care for the world's oceans and for the sea life living within them.

Albert Ghiorso: Biography, Elements Discovered & Death

27. Albert Ghiorso: Biography, Elements Discovered & Death

Albert Ghiorso was an American scientist whose contributions include work on the Manhattan Project and the discovery of twelve elements. In this lesson learn about his life, work and research.

Dr. Albert Szent-Gyorgyi: Biography, Vitamin C & Quotes

28. Dr. Albert Szent-Gyorgyi: Biography, Vitamin C & Quotes

In this lesson, you're going to learn about a rarely heard about but very prominent scientist of the 20th century by the name of Dr. Albert Szent-Györgi. You'll learn about his bravery and his brain.

Chemist Sir Robert Robinson: Biography, Research & Nobel Prize

29. Chemist Sir Robert Robinson: Biography, Research & Nobel Prize

Sir Robert Robinson was a British chemist whose research on alkaloids won him the Nobel Prize. In this lesson, learn about his life, accomplishments and research.

Friedrich Wohler's Synthesis of Urea: Mechanism & Experiment

30. Friedrich Wohler's Synthesis of Urea: Mechanism & Experiment

Friedrich Wohler performed an experiment attempting to form ammonium cyanate, instead he dispelled a commonly held theory and created urea. We will learn about this experiment in this lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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