About This Chapter
How it works:
- Begin your assignment or other educational psychology work.
- Identify the concepts related to individual differences in children that you're stuck on.
- Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
- Press play, watch and learn!
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.
Who's it for?
This chapter of our educational psychology tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn about individual differences in children and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:
- Struggle with understanding methods of measuring intelligence, self-socialization, learning disabilities or any other topic related to individual differences in children
- Have limited time for studying
- Want a cost effective way to supplement their psychology learning
- Prefer learning psychology visually
- Find themselves failing or close to failing their individual differences in children unit
- Cope with ADD or ADHD
- Want to get ahead in educational psychology
- Don't have access to their psychology teacher outside of class
Why it works:
- Engaging Tutors: We make learning about individual differences in children simple and fun.
- Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
- Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live psychology tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
- Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn about individual differences in children on the go!
- Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.
- Examine different methods for measuring intelligence.
- Differentiate between fluid and crystallized intelligence.
- Explain how different parenting styles can affect learners.
- Discuss the factors that influence self-views.
- Learn how our sense of self changes from childhood to adolescence.
- Examine James Marcia's identity theory.
- Explore methods for educating special needs students.
- Describe the use of individual education plans.
- Be able to identify learning disabilities.
- Recognize the characteristics of ADHD, speech and communication disorders, autism and Asperger's syndrome.
- Look at methods for accommodating learners with cognitive and social functioning delays or sensory challenges.
- Identify the characteristics associated with advanced cognitive development.
- List the pros and cons of ability grouping and tracking.
1. Methods of Measuring Intelligence: Interpreting IQ Scores & Score Range
You've probably heard of 'IQ,' but do you really know what it means? This lesson covers the history and theory behind the famous idea of an intelligence quotient (including the inventor of IQ, Alfred Binet), and will help you learn how to understand and interpret IQ scores.
2. Two Types of Intelligence: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Are you better at memorizing facts or at assembling a piece of equipment using a diagram? These two tasks illustrate two different types of intelligence proposed by Raymond Cattell known as 'fluid intelligence' and 'crystallized intelligence.' This lesson covers both types and how each type might change over one's lifespan.
3. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
4. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.
5. The Effect of Culture, Socialization & Culture Shock on Education
In this lesson we will explore the effect of culture on the socialization of children. We will also seek to understand the impact that culture has on their educational experiences.
6. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views
In this lesson, we will explore the sense of self, self-socialization, and the two social scientists who contributed to this field. We will examine Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other.
7. Changes in Sense of Self From Childhood to Adolescence
In this lesson, we will be exploring James Marcia's theory of identity in relation to the sense of self changing from childhood to adolescence. You'll study the four ways in which children navigate their identities into adolescence: foreclosure, moratorium, achievement, and diffusion.
8. James Marcia's Identity Theory: Understanding Adolescents' Search For Identity
Do you really know what you want out of life or what your political and religious beliefs are? The psychologist James Marcia suggested that there are four identity statuses, or stages, in developing who we are as individuals. These stages are achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, and diffusion. This lesson covers Marcia's theory and each identity status.
9. Educating Students with Special Needs
In this lesson, we will explore how to educate students with special needs. We will specifically address how the educational needs of these students are best served if they are in a mainstream classroom being taught alongside their peers.
10. Using an Individual Education Program (IEP) in the Classroom
In this lesson, we will explore what an Individual Education Program (IEP) is and the three key components of an IEP. We will also discuss who needs an IEP and who does not.
11. Learning Disabilities: How to Identify Children with a Learning Disability
Identifying children with a learning disability can be tricky because it can be confused with a lack of interest in a school subject. In this lesson, we will look at how learning disabilities can be identified and the three most common learning disabilities: dyscalculia, dysgraphia and dyslexia.
12. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Definition of ADHD
This lesson explores common characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as the best practices for teaching learners with this disorder.
13. Speech and Communication Disorders: Instructional Strategies for Speech Sound Errors
In this lesson, we will discuss the seven levels of articulation therapy, using F and T as the primary examples of the sounds that students have difficulty articulating.
14. Characteristics of Speech Sound Errors: Speech & Communication Disorders
In this lesson, we explore speech sound disorders, which include articulation deficits, phonological process disorder and fluency disorder. Also learn the characteristics of each of these disorders.
15. Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Asperger Syndrome
If you have never met a person with Asperger syndrome, you might wonder how they differ from you. In this lesson, we'll explore the behaviors common to people with Asperger and other autism spectrum disorders.
16. Cognitive & Social Functioning Delays: Adapting Instruction for Learners
When growing up, keeping pace with your classmates can be difficult, but for some it's much harder than others. In this lesson we will explore cognitive and social developmental milestones in terms of the developmental delays that affect school-age children.
17. Adapting Instruction for Learners With Sensory Challenges
In this lesson, we will discuss the general characteristics of children with sensory dysfunction and how teachers can adapt the classroom environment to accommodate these students.
18. Advanced Cognitive Development and Renzulli's Triad
In this lesson, we will explore advanced cognitive development in terms of a gifted child. We will also define what it means to be gifted and Joseph Renzulli's model of giftedness.
19. Ability Grouping and Tracking in Schools: Advantages and Disadvantages
In this lesson we will discuss within class grouping and between class grouping. In addition, we will review the pros and cons of between class grouping, also known as tracking.
20. Crystallized Intelligence: Examples & Definition
What is intelligence? In this lesson, you'll learn about crystallized intelligence and how it is used in every day life. Following the lesson, you can test your knowledge by taking a short quiz.
21. What is a Growth Spurt in Puberty? - Definition, Signs & Symptoms
Did you know that, on average, girls in puberty have growth spurts that occur two years sooner than boys? Learn more about growth spurts, the signs, and the symptoms.
22. What is a Physical Disability? - Definition & Types
In this lesson, you will learn to define the term physical disability. We will also look at different types of physical disabilities as well as further explore categories for daily living as they pertain to people with physical disabilities.
23. Ability Grouping in Education: Pros & Cons
Placing students into learning groups with students of similar ability is the practice known as ability grouping or tracking. Learn more about the pros and cons of ability grouping, and test your knowledge with quiz questions.
24. Self-Identity in Children: Theory, Definition & Issues
This lesson is an introduction to how self-identity is formed in children and strategies teachers and parents can use to aid them in this formation. Two leading theories are discussed, and a short quiz is provided.
25. Student Intervention Plan and Strategies
This lesson will highlight various academic and behavioral intervention plans that you can use for students who are in need of academic or behavior support in the classroom. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.
26. Teaching & Reaching At-Risk Students
Part of being a good teacher is knowing how to reach as many students as possible. This lesson will help you think about what it means to call a student at-risk, and how you can best work with students who get labeled that way.
27. Teaching ELL Students to Read
There has been an increase in the number of English language learners (ELLs) in the classroom. This lesson highlights ways to teach ELLs to become successful readers.
28. Teaching Math to ELL Students
Teaching math to ELL students can be challenging but fun for any educator. This lesson provides information about English language learners, provides suggestions for the class environment, and offers new math-teaching strategies.
29. Teaching Vocabulary to ELL Students
Using a translator or carrying a translating device is not realistic when learning English as a second language. In this lesson, you'll learn how to strategically teach vocabulary to English language learners.
30. What is Curriculum in Early Childhood Education?
We often hear about the importance of getting children off to a strong start via solid early childhood education. This lesson will introduce you to the meaning of curriculum in the context of early childhood.
31. The History of Sign Language
Using hand gestures and body language is one of the oldest and most basic forms of communication. Learn how these simple movements evolved into the many forms of formal sign language used today by deaf communities all around the globe.
32. Teaching Students with ADD
Students who are diagnosed with ADD can be exciting, interesting, and also challenging to teach. This lesson will give you some ideas and strategies for how to support these students.
33. Outline of the WISC-IV General Ability Index
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) is a common clinical assessment. In this lesson, we will detail the components of the WISC-IV and explore the benefits of understanding a child's individual cognitive abilities.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Educational Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
- History and Educational Aims: Tutoring Solution
- Developmental Psychology in Children and Adolescents: Tutoring Solution
- Motivation in Learning: Tutoring Solution
- Assessments of Learning: Tutoring Solution
- Cognitive Perspective in Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Behavioral Perspective in Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Research Design and Analysis: Tutoring Solution
- Instructional Pedagogy: Tutoring Solution
- Factors in Childhood Development