About This Chapter
Individual Learning Characteristics - Chapter Summary
In this chapter's lessons our instructors cover the change in sense of self that occurs between childhood and adolescence as well as the search for identity. Lessons in the chapter address special needs considerations and discuss requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The ways in which you can identify learning disabilities are also discussed in the chapter.
Review information covering Individualized Education Plans (IEP) and look at the functions of an IEP. You will also encounter material on behavioral and developmental disorders. Mental retardation and learning disability causes are other topics that you will come across. The content in this chapter provides preparation for the following:
- Discuss James Marcia's four identities
- Identify Erikson's childhood stages of development
- Describe the three main functions of an IEP
- Discuss the most prevalent characteristics of ADHD
- Identify the levels of articulation therapy
- Explain the difference between conduct disorder and ODD
- Discuss the characteristics of giftedness and Renzulli's model
- Describe the different levels of mental retardation
Our professional instructors convey the information in an engaging and effective manner. Video lessons and texts can strengthen your grasp of the material and come with corresponding lesson transcripts. You can utilize the available self-assessment quizzes to gauge your content knowledge after looking at the different lessons.
1. Changes in Sense of Self From Childhood to Adolescence
In this lesson, we will be exploring James Marcia's theory of identity in relation to the sense of self changing from childhood to adolescence. You'll study the four ways in which children navigate their identities into adolescence: foreclosure, moratorium, achievement, and diffusion.
2. James Marcia's Identity Theory: Understanding Adolescents' Search For Identity
Do you really know what you want out of life or what your political and religious beliefs are? The psychologist James Marcia suggested that there are four identity statuses, or stages, in developing who we are as individuals. These stages are achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, and diffusion. This lesson covers Marcia's theory and each identity status.
3. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
4. Educating Students with Special Needs
In this lesson, we will explore how to educate students with special needs. We will specifically address how the educational needs of these students are best served if they are in a mainstream classroom being taught alongside their peers.
5. Using an Individual Education Program (IEP) in the Classroom
In this lesson, we will explore what an Individual Education Program (IEP) is and the three key components of an IEP. We will also discuss who needs an IEP and who does not.
6. Learning Disabilities: How to Identify Children with a Learning Disability
Identifying children with a learning disability can be tricky because it can be confused with a lack of interest in a school subject. In this lesson, we will look at how learning disabilities can be identified and the three most common learning disabilities: dyscalculia, dysgraphia and dyslexia.
7. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Definition of ADHD
This lesson explores common characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as the best practices for teaching learners with this disorder.
8. Speech and Communication Disorders: Instructional Strategies for Speech Sound Errors
In this lesson, we will discuss the seven levels of articulation therapy, using F and T as the primary examples of the sounds that students have difficulty articulating.
9. Characteristics of Speech Sound Errors: Speech & Communication Disorders
In this lesson, we explore speech sound disorders, which include articulation deficits, phonological process disorder and fluency disorder. Also learn the characteristics of each of these disorders.
10. Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Asperger Syndrome
If you have never met a person with Asperger syndrome, you might wonder how they differ from you. In this lesson, we'll explore the behaviors common to people with Asperger and other autism spectrum disorders.
11. Cognitive & Social Functioning Delays: Adapting Instruction for Learners
When growing up, keeping pace with your classmates can be difficult, but for some it's much harder than others. In this lesson we will explore cognitive and social developmental milestones in terms of the developmental delays that affect school-age children.
12. Adapting Instruction for Learners With Sensory Challenges
In this lesson, we will discuss the general characteristics of children with sensory dysfunction and how teachers can adapt the classroom environment to accommodate these students.
13. Advanced Cognitive Development and Renzulli's Triad
In this lesson, we will explore advanced cognitive development in terms of a gifted child. We will also define what it means to be gifted and Joseph Renzulli's model of giftedness.
14. Oppositional Defiant Disorder & Conduct Disorder: Definitions, Causes & Treatments
Every child misbehaves sometimes, but what happens when someone acts out more than usual? In this lesson, we'll look at two behavior disorders: conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder.
15. Learning Disorders and Disabilities: Definition, Causes, Treatment and Diagnosis
Why do some students struggle to learn? What types of learning disabilities affect students? In this lesson, we'll look closely at three common learning disorders: dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia.
16. Intellectual Disabilities: Definition, Levels, Causes, Prevention & Treatment
People with intellectual disabilities have low IQs and problems with daily functioning. In this lesson, we'll examine the levels of intellectual disabilities as well as the causes and treatments of them.
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Other chapters within the Praxis School Psychologist (5402): Practice & Study Guide course
- Problem Identification in School Psychology
- Theories of Intelligence
- Developmental Psychology & Measurement
- Assessment & Problem Analysis in School Psychology
- Knowledge of Measurement Theory & Principles
- Psychological Assessment of Special Populations
- Psychological Consultation & Collaboration in School Settings
- Developing Academic Skills
- Goal Setting & Student Motivation
- Academic Success & Failure
- Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Preventive Strategies for the Classroom
- School-Based Intervention & Techniques
- Child & Adolescent Psychopathology
- School-wide Practices to Promote Learning
- Preventive & Responsive Schools Services
- Family-School Collaboration Services
- Effect of Cultural & Background Differences on Education
- Diversity in Development & Learning
- Education Research & Program Evaluation
- Ethical Principles in Psychology
- Legal Issues in Psychology
- Case Law in Education Psychology
- Professional Foundations: Learning Strategies
- Praxis School Psychologist Flashcards