About This Chapter
Industrial Chemistry Overview - Chapter Summary
As you study these lessons on industrial chemistry, you can review the properties of sulfuric acid and the reaction quotient. You can also gain a better understanding of saponification and raw materials used in the Solvay process. By the end of the chapter, you should be ready to:
- Explain chemical equilibrium and the equilibrium constant
- Recall the process of sulfur extraction
- Describe required safety precautions when using sulfuric acid
- Discuss sulfur dioxide and sulfur trioxide reactions
- Explain the differences between voltaic and electrolytic cells
- Use a formula for sodium hydroxide
- Recall the processes used for industrial production of sodium hydroxide
- Discuss the chemistry of soaps and detergents
These engaging lessons help you easily understand the concepts reviewed. You can study all the lessons in order, or just go over the topics you need to review. A brief quiz is available for each lesson to test how much of the material on industrial chemistry you have retained.
1. Equilibrium: Chemical and Dynamic
Learn the definition of chemical equilibrium and how it is dynamic. Discover what the equilibrium constant is and how it shows whether the reaction favors the reactants or products. Learn how chemists designate equilibrium in an equation and how they show the difference in reaction rate.
2. Equilibrium Constant (K) and Reaction Quotient (Q)
In this lesson, we will first define and explain the notion of a chemical equilibrium. Then, you'll learn about the equilibrium constant and reaction quotient. Finally, we'll round off the lesson with a couple of examples to solidify what you've learned!
3. Sulfuric Acid: Formula, Structure & Properties
Would you ever put a dangerous acid inside of your mouth? Probably not. But some people might. Find out why on this lesson on sulfuric acid and its formula, structure, properties, and more!
4. Sulfuric Acid: Reactions, Ionization & Precautions
Sulfuric acid is very important in industry. In this lesson, we will learn how sulfuric acid ionizes, acts as an oxidizing agent, and a dehydrating agent. We will also discuss safety when working with this acid.
5. Sulfur Dioxide & Sulfur Trioxide Reaction: Conditions & Equilibrium
Sulfur dioxide and sulfur trioxide are common pollutants, but they are also produced in order to make sulfuric acid. In this lesson we will learn the reaction conditions for these products to be made.
6. The Differences Between Voltaic & Electrolytic Cells
Voltaic and electrolytic cells are very similar, but there are some key differences. In this lesson, learn about both of these electrochemical cells and their importance to everyday life.
7. What is Sodium Hydroxide? - Formula & Reactions
While handling sodium hydroxide can be dangerous, knowledge of sodium hydroxide can be enriching. Learn what sodium hydroxide is, its formula and about some chemical reactions involving sodium hydroxide in this lesson.
8. Industrial Production of Sodium Hydroxide: Processes & Equations
In this lesson we will learn how sodium hydroxide is produced using the Castner-Kellner process, Nelson Diaphragm, and membrane cells. We will also look at the chemical equations.
9. Saponification: Definition, Process & Reaction
If you are in the soap making business, saponification is a very familiar process. Continue reading to learn about this organic reaction and its mechanism. Explore why this process is useful in making handmade soap.
10. Soaps & Detergents: Chemistry, Types & Uses
Soaps and detergents seem pretty straightforward, right? But they're really not. This lesson will examine how soaps and detergents work, as well as how they are similar and different.
11. The Solvay Process: Process, Products & Environmental Issues
The Solvay process is used to make sodium carbonate. This lesson will help you understand the different reactions, conditions, products and the environmental issues that are involved in the manufacturing of sodium carbonate by the Solvay process.
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Other chapters within the HSC Chemistry: Exam Prep & Syllabus course
- Scientific Experimentation in Chemistry
- Chemistry Lab Equipment & Safety
- Measurement & Data in Chemistry
- Scientific Research in Chemistry
- Overview of the Chemistry of the Earth
- Atoms & Molecules in Chemistry
- Properties of Earth Materials
- Metals Overview
- The Periodic Table Overview
- Measuring Amounts of Reactants
- Water in Chemistry
- Solubility of Water
- Specific Heat of Water
- Carbon & Energy
- Combustion Reactions & Energy
- Fossil Fuel Products
- Understanding Biomass Research
- Overview of Renewable Ethanol
- Electrochemistry & Redox Reactions
- Radioactivity in Chemistry
- Indicators in the Acidic Environment
- Understanding Acidic Oxides
- Overview of Acids
- Acid & Base Definitions
- Principles of Esterification
- Chemical Monitoring & Management
- Chemical Monitoring in the Environment
- Shipwrecks, Corrosion & Conservation
- Biochemistry of Movement
- Biochemical Reactions in Muscle Contractions
- The Chemistry of Art
- Atomic Structure & Transition Elements
- Forensic Chemistry Overview
- DNA & Forensic Evidence
- HSC Chemistry Flashcards