About This Chapter
Industrialization, 1700-1900 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
As Europe advanced and innovation abounded, industrialization entered the scene, and the world would never be the same again. This chapter explores what was happening in England and the rest of Europe that proved they were ready for progress. You'll also discover the amazing social, economic, and political impacts of the Industrial Revolution. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- How the Agricultural Revolution came about
- The conditions that led to the Industrial Revolution
- The Industrial Revolution's impact on the world
- About the reform in Great Britain
- Economic theories and theorists
|The Agricultural Revolution: Timeline, Causes, Inventions & Effects||Learn about advancements and changes in agriculture that led to greater farm productivity.|
|Causes of the First Industrial Revolution||Look at conditions in mid-18th century England, such as land, labor and capital, that led to industrialization.|
|Inventions of the Industrial Revolution||Discover some of the innovations to emerge from the first Industrial Revolution.|
|Urbanization and Other Effects of the Industrial Revolution||As the Industrial Revolution goes full steam ahead, see how it impacts the world both socially and economically.|
|The British Reform Movement||See how 19th-century Britain strives to achieve political, social and economic reform.|
|The Economists: Adam Smith, David Ricardo & Thomas Malthus||Explore prominent economic theories of the time and recognize their relevance today.|
1. The Agricultural Revolution: Timeline, Causes, Inventions & Effects
The Agricultural Revolution was a period of technological improvement and increased crop productivity that occurred during the 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe. In this lesson, learn the timeline, causes, effects and major inventions that spurred this shift in production.
2. Causes of the First Industrial Revolution: Examples & Summary
The Industrial Revolution was a period when new sources of energy, such as coal and steam, were used to power new machines designed to reduce human labor and increase production. The move to a more industrial society would forever change the face of labor.
3. Inventions of the Industrial Revolution: Examples & Summary
Although many factors influenced the first Industrial Revolution, the progress made by several inventors was essential. In this lesson, learn about the innovators who helped to spur the Industrial Revolution forward.
4. Urbanization & Other Effects of the Industrial Revolution: Social & Economic Impacts
The Industrial Revolution had a lasting effect on class structure, urbanization and lifestyle. In this lesson, we will learn how the Industrial Revolution changed various aspects of European society.
5. The British Reform Movement: Social, Political & Economic Reforms
The first Industrial Revolution led to fundamental changes in all aspects of society, from work patterns to living conditions. In this lesson, we will discuss the reform movements aimed at solving the problems of inequality, parliamentary reform, and unhealthy urban areas.
6. The Economists: Adam Smith, David Ricardo & Thomas Malthus
During the 18th and 19th centuries, several major theorists put forth ideas that would influence how governments handled economic matters. This lesson will discuss the major ideas and influential theories of Adam Smith, David Ricardo, and Thomas Malthus.
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Other chapters within the History 102: Western Civilization II course
- Introduction to Western Civilization II
- Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Western Europe (1648-1715)
- Power Shifts in Eastern Europe (1648-1740)
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century (1700-1799)
- The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790)
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte (1780-1815)
- Political Developments (1760-1848)
- The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
- European Life and Trends (1850-1914)
- Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries
- World War I (1914-1919)
- Between the World Wars (1919-1939)
- World War II (1939-1945)
- Western Civilization Since 1945
- Studying for History 102