About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our AP U.S. History Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about America in the late 19th century. There is no faster or easier way to learn about industrialization and urbanization. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the rise of industry expansion, robber barons, immigration, development of the factory system and urban life.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a U.S. history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and an Industrialization and Urbanization (1870-1900) unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Industrialization and Urbanization (1870-1900) Unit Objectives:
- Examine the country's monetary and economic policies during the Second Industrial Revolution.
- See how new business models led to the expansion of American industry during this period.
- Learn about the leaders of industry and why they were called 'Robber Barons'
- Gain an understanding of labor conditions during this period.
- Analyze the political system at all levels, including a look at the political bosses and efforts to reform government.
- Learn about the struggles and rise of labor unions.
- Explore the ideas of the Populist Party.
- Find out about the growth of cities, including the beginnings of urban planning.
- Examine the movements designed to enact social change, such as the Salvation Army and Settlement Houses.
- Look at the lives of middle class people in the cities.
1. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
2. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
3. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.
4. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.
5. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
6. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
7. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.
8. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
9. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
10. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements
Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.
11. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.
12. Plessy v. Ferguson: Impact & Summary
This lesson explains the impact of Plessy v. Ferguson, an important Supreme Court decision made in 1896. The Court ruled on the concept of 'separate but equal' and set back civil rights in the United States for decades to come.
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Other chapters within the AP US History: Homeschool Curriculum course
- First Contacts (28,000 BCE-1821 CE): Homeschool Curriculum
- Settling North America (1497-1732): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Road to Revolution (1700-1774): Homeschool Curriculum
- The American Revolution (1775-1783): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Making of a New Nation (1776-1800): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Virginia Dynasty (1801--1825): Homeschool Curriculum
- Jacksonian Democracy (1825 -- 1850): Homeschool Curriculum
- Life in Antebellum America (1807-1861): Homeschool Curriculum
- Manifest Destiny (1806-1855): Homeschool Curriculum
- Sectional Crisis (1850-1861): Homeschool Curriculum
- American Civil War (1861-1865): Homeschool Curriculum
- Reconstruction (1865-1877): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Progressive Era (1900-1917): Homeschool Curriculum
- American Imperialism (1890-1919): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Roaring 20s (1920-1929): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Great Depression (1929-1940): Homeschool Curriculum
- The US in World War ll (1941-1945): Homeschool Curriculum
- Post-War World (1946-1959): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Cold War (1950-1973): Homeschool Curriculum
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience (1954-1973): Homeschool Curriculum
- The 1970s (1969-1979): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Rise of Political Conservatism (1980-1992): Homeschool Curriculum
- Contemporary America (1992-2013): Homeschool Curriculum
- Changes in the Modern United States: Homeschool Curriculum
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- Critical Thinking Skills for AP US History: Homeschool Curriculum
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