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- Describe the economic policies during the Second Industrial Revolution.
- Take a look at American industry development during the Golden Age.
- Learn about the business practices of Andrew Carnegie and the robber barons.
- Understand the labor conditions of the Second Industrial Revolution.
- List the characteristics of Gilded Age politics.
- Discuss the labor unions of the Second Industrial Revolution.
- Explain the goals of the Populist Party platform.
- Learn about the rise of nativism in the US in response to immigration.
- Describe the effects of urbanization during the Second Industrial Revolution.
- Understand the goals of the Social Gospel movement.
- Discuss the middle class opportunities afforded by the Second Industrial Revolution.
1. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
2. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
3. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.
4. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.
5. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
6. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
7. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.
8. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
9. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
10. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements
Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.
11. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.
12. Plessy v. Ferguson: Impact & Summary
This lesson explains the impact of Plessy v. Ferguson, an important Supreme Court decision made in 1896. The Court ruled on the concept of 'separate but equal' and set back civil rights in the United States for decades to come.
13. Presidential Election of 1876: Significance, Issues & Summary
The election of 1876 was one of the closest races in American history. It tested the Constitution and resulted in a compromise that ended Reconstruction in America. In this lesson, develop an understanding of the election of 1876 and test your knowledge with a short quiz.
14. Pullman Strike: Definition, Summary & Significance
The Pullman Strike of 1894 was one of the largest coordinated labor strikes in United States history. In this lesson, we'll discuss what provoked the strike, the response from businesses and the government, and the significance of the strike. A short quiz will follow to test your understanding.
15. Samuel Morse: Biography, Facts & Inventions
Samuel Morse struggled in selling fine art, but his invention of the first commercially successful telegraph created a trans-Atlantic revolution in long-range communications. In this lesson, read about the life of Samuel Morse and learn about his inventions.
16. The McKinley Tariff of 1890
The issue of the tariff, and McKinley Tariff of 1890, in particular, led to deep divisions between Republicans and Democrats in the late 19th century. Learn about this debate and take a short quiz to check your knowledge.
17. The Santa Fe Trail: History & Facts
The Santa Fe Trail was an early trade route between the eastern U.S. and the undeveloped West. It was very profitable and helped open the West. Learn about this early route in this lesson, and take a short quiz at the end.
18. Elias Howe: Biography & Facts
In this lesson, we will learn about Elias Howe and how his inventions helped transform industrialization throughout the world. We'll explore facts about his life and what drove him to success.
19. Elias Howe: Inventions & Quotes
The invention of the sewing machine by Elias Howe had great repercussions for the garment industry. This lesson looks at Howe's life, his inventions, and a famous quote.
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