About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering post-Civil War U.S. history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn post-Civil War U.S. history. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding industry developments and new business models during the Second Industrial Revolution
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about industrialization from 1870 to 1900
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Industrialization from 1870 to 1900 chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Industrialization from 1870 to 1900 chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about industrialization from 1870 to 1900. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an industrialization from 1870 to 1900 unit of a standard post-Civil War U.S. history course. Topics covered include:
- Economic policies during the Second Industrial Revolution
- Labor conditions during this time
- Gilded Age politics
- Immigration in industrial America
- Urbanization during this period
1. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
2. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
3. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.
4. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.
5. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
6. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
7. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.
8. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
9. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
10. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements
Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.
11. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.
12. Immigration Patterns in the Late 1800s
This lesson describes the immigration patterns of the late 1800s. Focusing on the new immigrants and birds of passage, it will highlight the hardships and discrimination these groups faced.
13. Grover Cleveland vs. James Blaine: The Presidential Election of 1884
This lesson will explore the events and scandals of the election of 1884. It will define the term 'mugwumps,' while also describing the supposed indiscretions of Cleveland and Blaine.
14. Financial Panic of 1873: Causes & Summary
In the United States financial depression came as a result of over-speculation in the railroad industry. Learn about the causes of the Panic of 1873 as well as the impact the event had on the nation.
15. Henry Ford: Biography, Facts, Assembly Line & Accomplishments
Henry Ford created the first functioning automobile for public use, forever changing transportation. In this lesson, we'll explore Ford's life and see how he revolutionized the American factory.
16. Nez Perce: History & Wars
In this lesson we explore the Nez Perce people and their history of interaction with the U.S. government. Though originally a peaceful tribe, the Nez Perce fled their land in reaction to U.S. government actions in the 1870s.
17. Robert Fulton: Biography, Facts & Inventions
Many pioneers paved the way for Robert Fulton to create some of the most important inventions in the world of transportation. Read on to discover more about Fulton, his life and his ideas.
18. Rutherford Hayes: Presidency, Accomplishments & Facts
Rutherford B. Hayes was a Civil War general, a congressman, a Governor of Ohio, and the 19th President of the United States. His election in 1876 was one of the closest and most hotly contested elections in American history.
19. Samuel Slater: Biography, Facts & Invention
Samuel Slater was an industrial spy, a capitalist, and an innovator. The cotton textile factories he built in New England helped create the modern American economy. In this lesson, learn more about this man and his legacy.
20. George Eastman: Biography, Inventions & Photography
George Eastman is synonymous with modern photography. He invented rolled film which made cameras smaller, less expensive, and accessible to amateurs. He also created motion picture film.
21. Bimetallism: Definition & Overview
In this lesson, you will learn about the monetary system called the bimetallism. You will learn the history of its use, as well as the benefits and issues that it caused.
22. The Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
Did you know you used to be able to change American dollars for either gold or silver? In this lesson, you will learn about the factors and laws that changed the way we use money in the United States today.
23. Francis Cabot Lowell: Invention, Mill & Biography
During the American Industrial Revolution of the 1800s, machines were invented and improved by many forward thinkers, including Francis Cabot Lowell. In this lesson you will learn about Lowell and his contribution to the integrated factory system.
24. Biography of William Rosecrans
William S. Rosecrans was a Union general during the American Civil War. He had a long string of victories but lost his command following defeat in the Battle of Chickamauga.
25. Effects of the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act of 1894
In response to the 1893 depression, the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act reduced tariff rates and instituted an income tax. It was ultimately a disaster. Read about the Act and test yourself.
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Other chapters within the Post-Civil War U.S. History: Help and Review course
- Reconstruction and the Gilded Age: Help and Review
- America During 1900 to 1917: Help and Review
- Major Events During American Imperialism: Help and Review
- Economy & Politics of the 1920s: Help and Review
- American Culture During the Roaring 20s: Help and Review
- The Great Depression in America: Help and Review
- Events in America During World War II: Help and Review
- Changes After World War II: Help and Review
- Causes of The Cold War: Help and Review
- Civil Disobedience From 1954-1973: Help and Review
- U.S. Policies of The 1970s: Help and Review
- Political Conservatism in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Presidents Clinton, Bush & Obama: Help and Review