About This Chapter
Inequality in Society - Chapter Summary
Despite the dreams of our forefathers about all people being created equal, our society is full of examples of inequality. This chapter has been designed to give you an overview of some of the major areas where inequality causes problems. If you prefer a self-paced learning environment, our video lessons give you 100% control. Watch the videos on your own schedule, skip ahead through topics you already know, or go back through the lessons if you miss something. The lesson transcripts underneath the videos also provide a quick reference tool to help you spot keywords, definitions, and other important facts. By going through the entire chapter, you will be prepared to:
- Describe the causes and effects of social inequality
- Identify examples of stereotypes, discrimination, and prejudice
- Compare the social majority with the social minority and assess their interactions with each other
- Point out the differences between cultural relativism and ethnocentrism
- Define the contact hypothesis
- Explain gender differences and the context of sexism
- Distinguish between the different types of feminism
1. What Is Social Inequality in Sociology? - Definition, Effects & Causes
Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Let's examine some causes and effects of poverty and test our knowledge with a quiz.
2. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
3. Race and Ethnicity Definitions: Social Minority vs. Social Majority
This lesson introduces concepts important to understanding race and ethnicity. First, a distinction is made between 'race' and 'ethnicity.' Next, the idea of a social minority is defined, along with distinction and subordination. Finally, U.S. trends regarding minority influence are outlined.
4. Ethnocentrism vs. Cultural Relativism
Culture is the glue that binds people together in society. It can include norms, values, symbols, and more. In this lesson, explore the two major ways in which people encounter other cultures: ethnocentrism or cultural relativism.
5. Interactions Between Social Majorities and Minorities
The world is a diverse place full of all sorts of people. In this lesson, we'll examine the effects of pluralism and what happens when people from different backgrounds interact, including segregation, genocide, assimilation, and miscegenation.
6. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact
For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.
7. Sexism: Gender Differences and Contexts
Sexism and gender differences can be seen in several different contexts within most modern societies. This lesson covers institutional sexism in four general areas: the workplace, family life at home, politics, and the military.
8. Feminism Types and Definitions: Liberal, Socialist, Culture & Radical
This lesson first provides a general definition of feminism. Then, four specific types of feminism are discussed and defined, including liberal feminism, socialist feminism, cultural feminism, and radical feminism. For each type, examples of social changes preferred by that type of feminism are also provided.
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Other chapters within the TECEP Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Sociology & Sociological Theory
- Research in Sociology
- Culture & Sociology
- Socialization & Interaction
- Social Structure & Control
- Stratification & Social Mobility
- Gender, Family & Sexuality
- Social Institutions & Power Structures
- Health & Environmental Sociology
- Societal Change Over Time
- TECEP Introduction to Sociology Flashcards