Ch 8: Infections of the Blood & Respiratory System

About This Chapter

In this chapter is a comprehensive overview of infections of the blood and respiratory system. Explore short lessons to strengthen your knowledge of catheter related infections and ventilator associated pneumonia.

Infections of the Blood & Respiratory System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Boost your knowledge of blood and respiratory system infections by reviewing lessons developed by top instructors. Each lesson explores a different topic to ensure you have a good grasp of blood stream infections from catheters, as well as pneumonia associated with ventilator use. Feel confident that you've grasped concepts covered in this chapter by testing your knowledge with short lesson quizzes and a chapter exam. If you have questions about any lesson topics, feel free to submit them to our experts. These steps will ensure you have full comprehension of:

  • Blood stream infections related to catheter use
  • The definition of ventilator associated pneumonia
  • Ventilator associated pneumonia guidelines
  • How to treat and prevent ventilator associated pneumonia

Lesson Objective
Catheter Related Blood Stream Infections Study blood stream infections that can arise with the use of a catheter.
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: Definition & Guidelines Review the definition and guidelines of ventilator associated pneumonia.
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: Treatment & Prevention Learn ways to prevent and treat pneumonia associated with ventilator use.

30 Lessons in Chapter 8: Infections of the Blood & Respiratory System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Catheter Related Blood Stream Infections

1. Catheter Related Blood Stream Infections

Is it possible to be infected via a catheter in a hospital? If so, why does this happen, what are the potential consequences, and how is this problem diagnosed and treated?

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: Definition & Guidelines

2. Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: Definition & Guidelines

Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is a preventable infection that sometimes occurs in ventilated patients in the hospital. The purpose of this module is to define VAP and discuss guidelines on how to prevent and treat VAP.

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: Treatment & Prevention

3. Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: Treatment & Prevention

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a preventable infection that occurs in the hospital and increases hospital stays. The purpose of this lesson is to review VAP and discuss how it is treated and how it can be prevented.

Varicella Zoster Virus: Definition & History

4. Varicella Zoster Virus: Definition & History

Chikenpox and shingles are commonly known to cause itchy and painful rashes in the community. This lesson will discuss the history and definition of varicella zoster virus (VZV) which can cause chickenpox and shingles.

Varicella Zoster Virus: Symptoms & Treatment

5. Varicella Zoster Virus: Symptoms & Treatment

Varicella-zoster virus is a unique virus because it can cause two different illnesses. In this lesson, learn the symptoms and treatments for each of these infections.

Wound Botulism: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

6. Wound Botulism: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Wound botulism is a very serious disease caused when ''Clostridium botulinum'', a type of bacteria, infects a wound. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for wound botulism.

MRSA Infection: Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

7. MRSA Infection: Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

MRSA is a bacteria that is causing infections in hospitals and the community. This lesson will cover the symptoms, treatment, and prevention of an MRSA infection.

VRSA Infection: Definition, Precautions & Treatment

8. VRSA Infection: Definition, Precautions & Treatment

The terms related to VRSA will be defined. Since VRSA and staph infections are closely related, the current medical precautions and treatments connected to this particular infection will also be discussed in this lesson.

Neonatal Sepsis: Definition, Causes & Types

9. Neonatal Sepsis: Definition, Causes & Types

Neonatal sepsis is a potential fatal issue affecting newborns. This lesson explores the various types, definitions, and causes of neonatal sepsis. In addition, a brief overview of risk-factors associated with sepsis will be explored.

Neonatal Sepsis: Symptoms & Treatment

10. Neonatal Sepsis: Symptoms & Treatment

Neonatal sepsis is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition in newborn babies. Symptoms of sepsis must be easily and quickly recognized by the healthcare professional so that treatment can begin promptly. This lesson will review the symptoms and treatment of neonatal sepsis.

Pneumonia and Sepsis: Symptoms & Recovery

11. Pneumonia and Sepsis: Symptoms & Recovery

Pneumonia and sepsis are two serious illnesses that can cause death. Explore the causes and symptoms of both conditions, complications of pneumonia and sepsis, and the treatment and recovery process of these illnesses.

What is the Difference Between SIRS & Sepsis?

12. What is the Difference Between SIRS & Sepsis?

Examine the key differences between the medical conditions of systematic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis. See the evolution of SIRS and sepsis, uncover more about sepsis treatment and diagnosis, and view sepsis treatment goals.

What is Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)?

13. What is Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)?

This lesson will define Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS). The clinical signs of the syndrome and possible causes will be described. The need to recognize this syndrome will also be discovered.

SIRS: Symptoms & Treatment

14. SIRS: Symptoms & Treatment

SIRS is a serious condition caused by an assault to the body, such as infection, trauma, or inflammation. This lesson explores the symptoms and treatment of this disease.

Urosepsis: Definition, Symptoms, Complications & Treatment

15. Urosepsis: Definition, Symptoms, Complications & Treatment

Urosepsis is a serious an life-threatening condition that initially starts as a urinary tract infection. Read this lesson to learn more about the hallmark symptoms that define urosepsis, potential complications of this condition, and how to individualize treatments to overcome this illness.

What is the Difference Between Bacteremia and Sepsis?

16. What is the Difference Between Bacteremia and Sepsis?

Bacteremia and sepsis are both serious and potentially deadly illnesses involving the bloodstream. Explore the causes and symptoms of these two diseases to reveal the difference between them.

Post-Sepsis Syndrome: Symptoms & Treatment

17. Post-Sepsis Syndrome: Symptoms & Treatment

Post-sepsis syndrome refers to long-term physical and psychological problems that some people experience after surviving sepsis. Learn about the symptoms and treatment of post-sepsis syndrome in this lesson.

Fluid Resuscitation in Sepsis

18. Fluid Resuscitation in Sepsis

This article will define sepsis and describe the reason septic patients need intravenous fluids in order to get better. We will talk about the amount and type of fluid necessary to protect the patient.

What is the Difference Between Sepsis and Septic Shock?

19. What is the Difference Between Sepsis and Septic Shock?

Are you unsure as to what sepsis and septic shock really mean? Are you confused as to the difference between sepsis and septic shock? If you said yes to any question, read this lesson.

Using Procalcitonin for Sepsis Diagnosis

20. Using Procalcitonin for Sepsis Diagnosis

Sepsis is a deadly illness that attacks the body's systems. The earlier sepsis is diagnosed, the better the patient outcome. This lesson will discuss the use of procalcitonin to diagnose sepsis.

Why are Lactic Acid Levels Elevated in Sepsis Patients?

21. Why are Lactic Acid Levels Elevated in Sepsis Patients?

This article will describe what information a lactate level provides, and why it is important to know lactate levels in sepsis patients. You will also learn what increasing and decreasing lactate levels mean for this patient population.

Nursing Interventions for Sepsis

22. Nursing Interventions for Sepsis

Sepsis is a life-threatening condition caused by an infection in the body. This lesson will discuss sepsis and nursing interventions that can be beneficial in its treatment.

Invasive Candidiasis: Definition, Symptoms & Treatment

23. Invasive Candidiasis: Definition, Symptoms & Treatment

Invasive candidiasis is an infection caused by the yeast Candida. In this lesson, you will learn about invasive candidiasis as well as the symptoms and treatments for this condition.

Bacteremia: Definition, Symptoms, Complications & Treatment

24. Bacteremia: Definition, Symptoms, Complications & Treatment

Bacteremia is an infection characterized by the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream. Discover the signs, symptoms, and complications of bacteremia and explore the treatment options for this condition.

Pseudomonas Fluorescens Infection: Symptoms & Treatment

25. Pseudomonas Fluorescens Infection: Symptoms & Treatment

Pseudomonas fluorescens is a type of bacteria that can cause infection in patients with compromised immune systems. In this lesson, learn about the symptoms and treatment of infections caused by this bacterium.

Pseudomonas Oryzihabitans: Symptoms & Treatment

26. Pseudomonas Oryzihabitans: Symptoms & Treatment

Pseudomonas oryzihabitans is a type of bacteria that can cause infection in people, most commonly in people who are immunocompromised. In this lesson, learn about the symptoms and treatments for infections caused by this bacteria.

Burkholderia Cepacia: Symptoms & Treatment

27. Burkholderia Cepacia: Symptoms & Treatment

Burkholderia cepacia refers to a group of bacteria that often infects the lungs. In this lesson, we will learn about the symptoms and treatments for the diseases caused by this bacteria.

Burkholderia Cepacia: Identification & Characteristics

28. Burkholderia Cepacia: Identification & Characteristics

Burkholderia cepacia refers to a group of bacteria that can cause infections in the body, most often infecting the lungs. Learn about the characteristics of these bacteria and how to identify them.

Pseudomonas Luteola: Symptoms, Susceptibility & Treatment

29. Pseudomonas Luteola: Symptoms, Susceptibility & Treatment

Pseudomonas luteola is an uncommon organism that can cause infections in humans who have already had their health compromised. This lesson will explain what pseudomonas luteola is, as well as symptoms, susceptibility, and treatment associated with the infection.

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus: Symptoms & Treatment

30. Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus: Symptoms & Treatment

Vancomycin resistant enterococcus is a bacteria that is resistant to the medication known as vancomycin. The bacteria can infect different parts of the body and be difficult to treat. This lesson will discuss symptoms and treatment of vancomycin resistant enterococcus.

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