About This Chapter
Influential Figures in Political Science - Chapter Summary
Reviewing this chapter is a great way to buff up on your knowledge of major figures who have left their mark on political science through history. Lessons delve into the following people and topics:
- Thomas Hobbes
- Baron de Montesquieu
- The theories of Karl Marx
- Vladimir Lenin and communism
- George Orwell's 1984
The practice quizzes accompanying each lesson serve as a simple way to confirm your understanding of the topics before moving on. In addition, the practice final exam at the end of the chapter gives you a chance to verify your knowledge on a more overall level. These self-assessments can be taken and re-taken as many times as you want.
1. Who was Aristotle? - Definition & Philosophy
Considered to be one of the most influential thinkers of Western culture, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle merged science and philosophy to develop a logical and virtuous means of understanding and living in our world.
2. Thomas Hobbes: Absolutism, Politics & Famous Works
In this lesson, we discuss one the key political theorists of the 17th century, the Englishman Thomas Hobbes, whose theories concerning absolutism, the basis of government, and human nature still resonate to this day.
3. Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy
In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the the French Enlightenment's foremost political theorist, Charles-Louis de Secondat - more commonly known as Montesquieu.
4. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism
In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.
5. The Rise of Communism & Vladimir Lenin
In this lesson, we will examine the role Vladimir Lenin played as a leading architect of the communist system. We will explore his involvement in the Russian Revolution and the establishment of Soviet Russia.
6. Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination
In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Mohandas Gandhi. We will learn what values he stood for, how he stood for them, and his lasting legacy.
7. Orwell's 1984: Summary and Analysis
In this lesson, we will summarize George Orwell's novel 1984. We will then analyze the themes of the story, as well as the setting, tone, and characters.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge (5081): Study Guide & Practice course
- Early American Civilizations
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Understanding the American Revolution
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution
- Jeffersonian Democracy & The Virginia Dynasty
- Jacksonian America
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion
- The American Civil War & Reconstruction Period
- Industrialization in America in the Late 1800s
- American Imperialism & World War I
- The Progressive Era of 1920s America
- The Great Depression (1929-1940)
- Significant Events of World War II
- Politics & Life After World War II
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Civil Rights & Other Movements in the US (1954-1973)
- America in the 1970s
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Overview of Ancient Persia
- Overview of Ancient India
- Early Civilization in China
- Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
- History of the Dark Ages
- Overview of the Middle Ages
- Overview of the Renaissance & the Age of Exploration
- Overview of the Reformation
- History of the Elizabethan Era
- Overview of European Colonialism
- Shifting Eastern European Power (1648-1740)
- 18th Century Empire & Expansion
- The Age of Enlightenment
- Bonaparte & the French Revolution
- Global Politics (1760-1848)
- Nationalism in Europe, Africa, Asia & the Americas
- Life in Europe (1850-1914)
- 19th and 20th Century Imperialism
- World War I & the Russian Revolution
- Approaching World War II (1919-1939)
- Political Ideologies and Philosophy
- American Federalism
- Branches of the U.S. Government
- Civil Liberties in the U.S.
- Civil Rights in the U.S.
- Political Culture, Public Opinion & Civic Behavior
- Electoral Systems
- Overview of Political Parties in the U.S.
- Interest Groups in American Politics
- Mass Media and Politics
- Forms of Government
- International Relations
- Actors in International Relations
- International Law & Politics
- Introduction to Geography
- Tools Used in Geography
- Understanding Ecosystems
- Human Movement & Spatial Processes
- Types of Human Settlements
- Basics of Demographics
- Understanding Ethnicity & Geography
- Humans & Their Impact on the Environment
- Politics, Nations & Geography
- The Changing Nature of Agriculture
- Scarcity, Opportunity Cost & Production Possibility Curves
- Market Equilibrium, Supply & Demand
- Inflation & Adjustment in Economics
- Unemployment Basics
- Understanding Macroeconomic Equilibrium
- Understanding Inflation & Unemployment
- Money & the Market
- The Central Bank & Monetary Policy
- Fiscal & Monetary Policies in Economics
- Foreign Exchange & Trade Balance
- Overview of Psychology Research & Approaches
- Human Development Theories & Processes
- Behavioral Sciences
- Overview of Culture & Society
- Praxis Social Studies: Content Knowledge Flashcards