Ch 6: Informative & Explanatory Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2A-F

About This Chapter

Use the content of this chapter to work towards meeting the Common Core requirements for writing informative and explanatory texts. There are also suggestions on how to incorporate the material into your 7th grade classroom.

Standard: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2)

Standard: Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.A)

Standard: Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.B)

Standard: Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.C)

Standard: Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.D)

Standard: Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.E)

Standard: Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.F)

About This Chapter

After you've completed this collection of lessons, your students should have a firm grasp on the differences between informative and explanatory texts as well as understand their content, organization and format requirements. Help your students meet these standards through lessons on the following concepts:

  • Informative essay structure
  • Organizing information
  • Comparing and contrasting within a text
  • Cause and effect relationships
  • Brainstorming
  • Main ideas and thesis statements
  • Transition sentences
  • Using reference material
  • APA and MLA style
  • Writing precisely

You'll be able to tell that your students have mastered this standard when they can prepare a well-organized, cleanly written informative text. Their essays should introduce a specific idea that is developed with supporting facts, details or examples. These skills can also be applied to other writing assignments - such as college application essays.

How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom

Here are some suggestions for integrating these lessons into your curriculum to help your students meet Common Core standards.

Essay Identification

Help your students practice identifying the different components of an informative essay by providing them with a sample text. Challenge them to find the main idea and highlight instances of comparing/contrasting, cause and effect, transition sentences and reference material.


After learning about different techniques for brainstorming, have your students form small groups and practice brainstorming ideas related to an upcoming writing assignment.

Practice Precise Writing

Watch the video on the importance of using precise language. Then provide your students with a short paragraph and challenge them to improve it by adding precise nouns, verbs and modifiers. You can also have your students read their paragraphs out loud to the class.

10 Lessons in Chapter 6: Informative & Explanatory Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2A-F
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Informative Essay: Definition, Examples & Structure

1. Informative Essay: Definition, Examples & Structure

There are many ways to inform your reader on a topic, from comparing and contrasting to providing a simple definition. Watch this lesson to learn about informative essays and how they educate readers through different formats.

Organizing and Categorizing Ideas, Concepts and Information

2. Organizing and Categorizing Ideas, Concepts and Information

In this lesson, you will learn clear, simple ways to group your ideas together. First, you'll figure out what the paper is about, and then the rest is easy!

Cause and Effect Relationship: Definition & Examples

3. Cause and Effect Relationship: Definition & Examples

This lesson explores the relationship between cause and effect and teaches you about the criteria for establishing a causal relationship, the difference between correlation and causation, and more.

What Is Brainstorming?

4. What Is Brainstorming?

You may have been told that it's important to brainstorm before writing an essay. This video explains why it's well worth your time to make brainstorming part of your writing routine.

Techniques for Brainstorming Great Ideas

5. Techniques for Brainstorming Great Ideas

Great essays are made up of great ideas. Finding those great ideas is the first critical step on the road to writing a terrific essay. Learn some popular and effective brainstorming techniques that will work whether you have an hour or two weeks to write your paper.

Writing: Main Idea, Thesis Statement & Topic Sentences

6. Writing: Main Idea, Thesis Statement & Topic Sentences

What exactly is your essay about? Writing great thesis statements and topic sentences that align with your main idea will help readers to understand the theme, ideas, and central focus of your essay.

How to Write and Use Transition Sentences

7. How to Write and Use Transition Sentences

Like a road map, transitions guide readers through your essay. This lesson examines the way writers transition between sentences, within paragraphs and between paragraphs to make for a smooth reading experience.

How to Use Reference Material in Your Writing

8. How to Use Reference Material in Your Writing

When it comes to writing an essay or a vast array of other academic writing projects, you will often have to refer to the works of others. This video will teach you the skills to use reference materials in your writing.

What is MLA Format?

9. What is MLA Format?

MLA format is one of the most common structures for organizing a paper in academic writing. In this video, we will cover the basics of MLA format, focusing on citing within the text and creating a Works Cited page.

The Importance of Using Precise Language in Writing

10. The Importance of Using Precise Language in Writing

The simple tips in this lesson will help your writing come to life. Learn how to choose particular nouns and verbs that are active or that show precise states of being, perfect modifiers, and, as an added bonus, a very powerful writing tool: similes.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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