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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding chemical bonds or working with inorganic chemistry
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- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Inorganic Chemistry in Anatomy and Physiology chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:
- What is an atom?
- What is the electron shell?
- How can I use isotopes to find the average atomic mass?
- What is the difference between covalent, ionic, polar covalent and hydrogen bonds?
- What are the properties of water?
- What are solutes, solutions and solvents?
- What are osmosis, saturation and diffusion?
- What are acids and bases?
- What are the laws of thermodynamics?
- How can I write and balance chemical equations?
- What are weak acids, weak bases and buffers?
1. The Atom
Tune into this lesson to find out what matters about matter. What exactly is an atom? And, how do the atoms that make up the elements in the periodic table differ from one another?
2. The Electron Shell
You may be familiar with the role of electrons in electrical devices, but did you know that electrons also determine the chemical reactivity of everything around you?
3. Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass
When you drink a glass of water, you are actually drinking a combination of heavy water and light water. What's the difference? Is it harmful? This video will explain the difference between the two types of water and go into detail on the significance of the different isotopes of elements.
4. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent
Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.
5. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic
Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.
6. Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent
Are you confused about how you can tell what kind of bond two atoms will form? This lesson will help you understand the difference between polar and nonpolar covalent bonds as well as how to predict how two atoms will interact.
7. Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen
This lesson defines and discusses important concepts behind hydrogen bonding. You'll learn when and why these bonds occur and which atoms are often involved.
8. Properties of Water
Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.
9. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents
Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.
10. Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation
The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do.
11. Acids and Bases
Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.
12. The Laws of Thermodynamics
Learn about the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Find out how energy is generated, how it converts from one form to another, and what happens to energy in a closed system.
13. Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions
Learn how about the various components of a chemical reaction, and how those components function. Use this lesson to understand the basic properties of different kinds of chemical reactions.
14. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers
This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.
15. What is Hydrogenation? - Process & Reaction
Organic compounds can become saturated using a chemical reaction called hydrogenation. Complete this lesson to learn about the process of hydrogenation and how this reaction works.
16. Crystalloids: Definition & Examples
This lesson focuses on defining crystalloids and fluid tonicity. Examples of IV solutions used in clinical practice are also discussed. By the end of this lesson, you'll also be able to explain the categories of crystalloids.
17. Generic Drugs: Definition & Advantages
A common debate: generic or brand name drug! Which is better? What is the difference? Do generics really stand up to the power of a brand name drug? Keep reading to find out the advantages of generic drugs and how they are approved!
18. Magnesium Hydroxide: Formula, Uses & Side Effects
There are few things worse than not being able to 'go,' but magnesium hydroxide can help with that problem. Read this lesson to learn about its uses and possible side effects, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
19. Osmolality: Definition, Calculations & Formula
In this lesson, we will discuss osmolality. First, we will define it and then explain how it is calculated and what is considered the normal range. Lastly, we will discuss what the findings of the test indicate.
20. Osmolarity: Definition, Formula & Calculations
This lesson teaches you the mathematical definition and formula of osmolarity. Then, you'll learn step by step how to apply this definition and formula to calculate osmolarity in a variety of examples.
21. What Are Beta Blockers? - Uses, Types, Examples & Side Effects
Beta blockers are commonly prescribed to treat heart conditions, migraines, glaucoma, anxiety, or hyperthyroidism. Learn about the benefits of beta blockers, possible side effects, different brand names, and types of this group of medications.
22. What Are Diuretics? - Definition, Types, Side Effects & Examples
What is a healthcare provider to do when a patient needs to have less fluid in his body? Diuretics to the rescue! Find out more about this important class of medications, its uses, and side effects, in this lesson.
23. What Is an NSAID? - Use, Side Effects & Example
Have you ever had back pain or muscle soreness and taken medication to feel better? If so, then you have already been introduced to an NSAID. Read on to learn about this common medication as well as its uses and side effects.
24. What Is Diazepam? - Uses & Side Effects
Learn the ins and outs of the regulated prescription drug diazepam. Examine what it is, how it works, and the side effects. Find out what happens when someone becomes addicted or dependent on diazepam.
25. What Is Magnesium Sulfate? - Formula, Uses & Side Effects
In this lesson, we will discuss the chemical formula of magnesium sulfate as well as its more common name. Its medical uses and side effects will also be explored.
26. What Is Methadone? - Treatment, Effects & Withdrawal Symptoms
Methadone is an opioid replacement therapy that is widely used to treat dependence on heroin. Its use in drug dependence treatment is widely controversial and has serious side effects.
27. What Is Methotrexate? - Uses & Side Effects
Methotrexate is a drug commonly prescribed for various types of cancers, severe psoriasis, and severe rheumatoid arthritis. Read more to find out about how methotrexate works, precautions to taking this medication, and a review of possible side effects.
28. What Is Morphine? - Definition, Uses, Withdrawal & Addiction
This lesson describes the transmission of pain in the nervous system and how it can be interrupted to provide relief from pain. You'll learn about morphine, its origin, how it relieves pain, and the problems associated with its use.
29. What Is Nicotine? - Facts, Addiction & Withdrawal Symptoms
Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to define what nicotine is, identify why nicotine is addictive, and describe withdrawal symptoms. A short quiz follows the lesson.
30. What Is Oxytocin? - Definition, Function & Side Effects
Oxytocin, otherwise known as the love hormone, is released by the pituitary gland and is responsible for human behaviors associated with relationships and bonding. It is most commonly used to help mothers produce contractions in labor and control bleeding.
31. What Is Pharmacokinetics? - Definition & Principles
Ever wonder what happens when medications enter into the body? This lesson will discuss the basics of pharmacokinetics from the time the medication enters the body until the point of excretion.
32. What Is Pharmacology? - Definition & Principles
This lesson defines pharmacology and describes two areas of study within pharmacology that are concerned with how the body handles a drug and what a drug does to the body. Take a short quiz at the end to test your knowledge.
33. What Is Selenium? - Benefits, Foods & Deficiency Symptoms
Explore selenium: discover how the human body uses this element, and find out whether it is wise to include this as a supplement to your diet. Find facts pertaining to selenium's discovery, and learn about its industry uses as well.
34. What Is Warfarin? - Uses & Side Effects
Blood clotting is a life-saving process, but it can lead to life-threatening strokes if not controlled. In this lesson you will learn about the small molecule pharmaceutical, warfarin, that reduces the rate and occurrence of blood clotting and helps prevent strokes.
35. What Is Zinc? - Benefits, Foods & Deficiency Symptoms
Zinc is a mineral that, while only needed in trace amounts, plays a vital role in human health. Learn about the benefits of consumption and drawbacks of deficiency while taking steps to ensure proper zinc intake.
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Other chapters within the Human Anatomy & Physiology: Help and Review course
- Organic Molecules in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Biochemistry in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology: Help and Review
- Respiratory System: Help and Review
- Cardiovascular System: Help and Review
- Blood Vessels: Help and Review
- Digestive System: Help and Review
- Urinary System: Help and Review
- Endocrine System: Help and Review
- The Brain: Help and Review
- The Nervous System at the Cellular Level: Help and Review
- The Five Senses: Help and Review
- Muscular System: Help and Review
- Gross Anatomy of Muscular System: Help and Review
- Connective Tissue: Help and Review
- Skeletal System: Help and Review
- Anatomy and Physiology of Male and Female Reproductive Systems: Help and Review
- Early Development to Childbirth: Help and Review
- Overview of Nerves & Senses