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Inorganic Compounds - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Begin your study of inorganic compounds with lessons examining the chemical properties of water as well as the differences between solutions and colloid mixtures. Our experienced instructors can also turn your understanding of ion formation and hydrogen bonds into an ability to discuss the characteristics of salts and the behavior of hydrogen ions in an acid or base. Lesson topics include:
- Water's hydrogen bonds
- Solutions and colloid mixtures
- Weak acids and bases
- Solution pH
|Properties of Water||Explore the unique properties of water that result from its hydrogen bonds.|
|Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents||Differentiate between a solution's solvent and solute. Examine the behavior of hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules.|
|Colloids: Definition, Types, & Examples||Study the characteristics of a colloid mixture. Find out how the Tyndall effect is used to identify these mixtures.|
|Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions||Use the octet rule to predict an ion's charge. Learn how to write the formula for an anion and cation.|
|What Is Salt in Chemistry? - Definition & Formula||Learn to identify salts and explore their characteristics. Get practice writing formulas for these ionic compounds.|
|Acids and Bases||Discover how the pH scale is used to measure a solution's acidity.|
|Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers||Explore the differences between strong acids and bases and weak acids and bases. Briefly examine buffer systems.|
1. Properties of Water
Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.
2. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents
Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.
3. Colloids: Definition, Types & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of colloids. There will be examples provided to assist you with your understanding of the topic. Also, several types of colloid solutions are provided.
4. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions
Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.
5. What is Salt in Chemistry? - Definition & Formula
What exactly do we mean by 'salt' in chemistry? Learn more about the definition, chemical, and physical properties and how we can easily figure out the chemical formula of many salts. Test what you have learned with a quiz.
6. Acids and Bases
Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.
7. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers
This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.
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