About This Chapter
Instructional Approaches - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Who knew that there were so many strategies for teaching? This comprehensive and detailed chapter looks into decision-making processes, along with interactive, text-based and collaborative methods of teaching, among other subjects. Most of the lessons include extensive examples so that you can confirm your understanding of the information. Students completing this chapter may learn topics such as:
- The definition of schemas
- What bottom-up processing is
- Types of instructional strategies
- How balanced literacy is used
|Bottom-Up Processing in Psychology: Examples, Definition & Quiz||Learn about the different types of decision-making processes, including bottom-up processing.|
|Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing||Compare and contrast the attention, top-down and bottom-up forms of decision processing methods.|
|Using Schemas in Education||Understand what schemas are and how they're used in education.|
|Part-to-Whole Instructional Strategies & Examples||Learn techniques for using the part-to-whole instructional method.|
|Text-Based Instructional Strategies||Read about ways to use text-based teaching processes.|
|Whole-to-Part, Reader-Based & Psycholinguistic Instructional Approaches||Examine and see examples of psycholinguistic, reader-based and whole-to-part teaching.|
|Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative||Discover the four methods of instruction used in a classroom.|
|Transactional Strategy Instruction||Study and see examples of the transitional method of teaching.|
|Balanced Literacy: Activities & Examples||Understand the meaning of balanced literacy and how it's used in education.|
1. Bottom-Up Processing in Psychology: Examples & Definition
In this lesson, you'll learn what bottom-up processing is and review some examples of this decision-making strategy. Then, test your knowledge with a quiz.
2. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing
Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.
3. Using Schemata in Education
Think about all the things that you know about. In this lesson, we'll examine schemata, or ideas about things that you know, and how they relate to education, including what teachers should do to use schemata with their students.
4. Part-to-Whole Instructional Strategies & Examples
Do you know the expression '~'You need to crawl before you can walk?~' Part-to-whole instructional strategies take that approach, and in this video we'll explore what they are and how teachers can use them in the classroom.
5. Text-Based Instructional Strategies
There are many ways to teach children to read, from phonics instruction to surrounding children with books and letting them read naturally. In this lesson, we'll look at one type of instruction, text-based, and its pros and cons.
6. Whole-to-Part, Reader-Based & Psycholinguistic Instructional Approaches
In this lesson, we'll examine how to teach reading using whole-to-part strategies, including what psycholinguistics says about the ways words differ from each other.
7. Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative
In this lesson, we will use the fictional Academy of Magic to illustrate four types of instructional strategies that teachers use in the classroom: expository instruction, interactive instruction, hands-on instruction and collaborative instruction.
8. Transactional Strategy Instruction
Have you ever noticed all the different things that you do as you read? Whether it's visualizing what you're reading or making predictions about what's to come, using reading strategies is a key part of the transactional approach to reading instruction.
9. Balanced Literacy: Activities & Examples
With all the different ways to teach reading and writing, things can feel overwhelming. In this lesson, we'll look at one way to combine disparate ideas about literacy instruction and how to apply it in the classroom.
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Other chapters within the Education 102: Literacy Instruction in the Elementary School course
- Learning Processes & Theories
- Language Acquisition in the Classroom
- Beyond Oral Language Acquisition
- How Language & Culture Interact in the Classroom
- Strategies for Teaching Reading
- Identifying & Understanding Words
- Constructing Meaning
- Vocabulary Development
- Writing Development
- Approaches to Literacy Instruction
- Classroom Management for Literacy Instruction
- Selecting Resources for Literacy Instruction
- Responding to Student Needs
- Collaborations Outside of School
- Evaluation & Assessments in Education