Ch 8: Instructional Pedagogy: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Instructional Pedagogy chapter of this Educational Psychology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master instructional pedagogy. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of instructional pedagogy.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering educational psychology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn educational psychology. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding instructional strategies or differentiated instruction
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning psychology (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about instructional pedagogy
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Instructional Pedagogy chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Instructional Pedagogy chapter exam to be prepared.
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  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in an instructional pedagogy unit of a standard educational psychology course. Topics covered include:

  • Bloom's taxonomy
  • Advance organizers in the classroom
  • Expository approaches to instruction
  • Cooperative and collaborative classroom learning
  • Classroom management techniques
  • The use of wait time in the classroom

90 Lessons in Chapter 8: Instructional Pedagogy: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative

1. Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative

In this lesson, we will use the fictional Academy of Magic to illustrate four types of instructional strategies that teachers use in the classroom: expository instruction, interactive instruction, hands-on instruction and collaborative instruction.

Direct Instruction & Discovery Instruction: Definition & Differences

2. Direct Instruction & Discovery Instruction: Definition & Differences

Two of the most popular teaching strategies are direct instruction and discovery instruction, which are frequently discussed in contrast with each other. In this lesson, we define each type of instruction and discuss the differences between the two.

Differentiated Instruction: Adapting the Learning Environment for Students

3. Differentiated Instruction: Adapting the Learning Environment for Students

Differentiated instruction is a great strategy that teachers use to accommodate a wide variety of learning needs. In this lesson, we discuss differentiated instruction and identify which aspects of the classroom can be differentiated.

Bloom's Taxonomy and Assessments

4. Bloom's Taxonomy and Assessments

Bloom's Taxonomy is a popular and extremely helpful tool that is used by most teachers. In this lesson, we'll discuss the original and revised Bloom's Taxonomy as well as how to use it in the classroom to assess learning and cognitive ability.

Expository Approaches to Instruction

5. Expository Approaches to Instruction

Good expository instruction goes beyond just giving information to students. In this lesson, we describe effective expository instruction and how it is used to structure lessons in a way that optimizes learning.

Advance Organizers in the Classroom: Teaching Strategies & Advantages

6. Advance Organizers in the Classroom: Teaching Strategies & Advantages

An advance organizer is a very useful tool for teachers to help students understand, retain and remember new learning material. In this lesson, we define an advance organizer and discuss examples and benefits of use in the classroom.

Cooperative and Collaborative Learning in the Classroom

7. Cooperative and Collaborative Learning in the Classroom

It's extremely common for teachers to require students to work in groups. However, certain types of groups and activities are preferred over others. In this lesson, we define cooperative learning and discuss its advantages in the classroom. We also define collaborative learning and explain how it is different than cooperative learning.

Classroom Management Techniques

8. Classroom Management Techniques

Managing the classroom is a challenge that all teachers face, and the decisions and actions a teacher takes in this area are extremely influential. In this lesson, we discuss different aspects of classroom management and the importance of creating a plan before the term begins.

Using Wait Time in the Classroom

9. Using Wait Time in the Classroom

During class discussion, is the pause between the teacher's question and the student's response important? It is, and the pause between the student's response and the teacher's reaction is also important. In this lesson, we define and discuss both types of wait time and how they can be used to optimize students' learning.

Adaptive Learning: Definition, History & Methodology

10. Adaptive Learning: Definition, History & Methodology

If you've used a computer, you've experienced a type of adaptive learning. In this lesson, we will explore adaptive learning and how it uses technology to create a unique learning experience for students based on their needs.

Advance Organizer: Examples & Concept

11. Advance Organizer: Examples & Concept

Learn what advance organizers are, and find out about the different ways you can apply them in the classroom. Read the lesson, and then take a brief quiz to test your new knowledge.

Pedagogical Content Knowledge: Definition & Explanation

12. Pedagogical Content Knowledge: Definition & Explanation

In this lesson, we'll define pedagogical content knowledge and its positive impact on students. We will also describe its specific features, like teaching with clear illustrations and being aware of student conceptions of the subject.

Current Trends in Physical Education

13. Current Trends in Physical Education

Back in the day, physical education classes were all about dodge ball, kick ball, and other fun team sports. Today, not so much. The lack of activity in children's free time has meant a new look at how physical education is taught in schools. Read on to find out what this means to crab soccer players today.

Different Types of Classroom Technology

14. Different Types of Classroom Technology

Technology can broaden the horizons of your students right inside of your classroom. This lesson explores the various types of technology that can be used to liven up everything you teach.

Educational Technology Trends: What Teachers Should Know

15. Educational Technology Trends: What Teachers Should Know

Educational technology is becoming incredibly important in the classroom and to student learning in general. This lesson will detail some of the trends of educational technology so that you can best implement this technology into your own classroom.

Effects of Technology in the Classroom

16. Effects of Technology in the Classroom

In this lesson, you will explore how technology provides effectiveness in the classroom setting. Be prepared to embrace how teachers and students are learning with the use of technology!

Teaching Handwriting: Methods & Strategies

17. Teaching Handwriting: Methods & Strategies

In this lesson, we will discuss the importance of handwriting, the components of handwriting instruction, and some specific strategies for teaching handwriting.

End of Year Report Card Comments

18. End of Year Report Card Comments

Writing report card comments for the end of the year can seem challenging. By this time, you've likely completed three rounds and may be running out of things to say. Don't let this get you down; following this simple plan can help you power through.

Examples of Technology in the Classroom

19. Examples of Technology in the Classroom

Technology is becoming more present and useful in the classroom. This lesson will provide some examples of technology in the classroom and how it can assist student learning.

First Grade Report Card Comments

20. First Grade Report Card Comments

Intended to be an accurate and objective account of how a student is performing in school, report cards come with the added pressure of communicating with parents about their child. This lesson offers a few tips to lessen the burden and make report card comments clear, accurate and kind.

First Year Teacher Tips

21. First Year Teacher Tips

So you've decided to be a teacher? Not only are you embarking on a rewarding career, you're committing yourself to educating children at all costs! This lesson will give you a few tips and strategies to get you through your first year.

Future Technology in the Classroom

22. Future Technology in the Classroom

Future technology will ultimately move students outside classroom walls. No learners will be bound by physical address or time of day, and experiential learning will be the rule, not the exception. The possibilities are limitless.

High School Classroom Management Strategies

23. High School Classroom Management Strategies

Explore how good behavior modeling, consistent classroom patterns, directed small group work, and specific question formats can help you manage high school students' behaviors in your courses.

How to Teach Poetry

24. How to Teach Poetry

Poetry is all around us, from songs on the radio to crazy Dr.Susses books. This lesson will highlight some neat ways to teach poetry in ways that not only provide rigor but also relevance.

How to Teach Spanish Vocabulary

25. How to Teach Spanish Vocabulary

Teaching students in their native language is a difficult task. Teaching them a whole new set of vocabulary words - quite a challenge. Teaching Spanish vocabulary takes specific and intentional methods. Read on to find out how teaching Spanish can be mucho fun. Ole!

How to Teach Teachers How to Teach

26. How to Teach Teachers How to Teach

Not everyone was born to teach, but that doesn't mean you can't still make an impact in the classroom. This lesson will highlight how to teach teachers how to teach. A short quiz will follow to test you knowledge.

Integrated Curriculum: Definition, Benefits & Examples

27. Integrated Curriculum: Definition, Benefits & Examples

Have you ever wondered what and how an integrated curriculum works? Learn about this hot topic that is shaping how teachers teach and students learn in the classroom.

Interactive Notebook Rubric Examples

28. Interactive Notebook Rubric Examples

Back in the day, the teacher wrote notes on the board and we dutifully copied them into our notebooks. Interaction? No thank you. These days, we like students to be creative, independent and critical thinkers. Using interactive notebooks allows children to record the information they need and express their understandings in unique ways.

Internet Safety: Games and Rules for Elementary Students

29. Internet Safety: Games and Rules for Elementary Students

This lesson discusses just how far-reaching the Internet is, the assumptions that online predators make, and offers safety tips for elementary-aged kids. In addition, interactive games that teach safety are discussed.

Intrapersonal Learning Style: Teaching Tips

30. Intrapersonal Learning Style: Teaching Tips

Some students in your classroom may be intrapersonal learners. This lesson will define what an intrapersonal learning style is and provide tips for teaching students who prefer learning this way.

Kindergarten Teacher Tips

31. Kindergarten Teacher Tips

Teaching kindergarten is often a very different experience from teaching 1st-12th grade. The tips contained in this lesson will help you manage your classroom and ensure that your lessons are reaching every student.

Language Arts Teaching Strategies

32. Language Arts Teaching Strategies

Benjamin Franklin stated: Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn. This remains as true today as it was centuries ago. This lesson will highlight strategies that will put Ben's words to practice in the language arts class. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.

Learning-Focused Strategies for Teachers

33. Learning-Focused Strategies for Teachers

Learning-focused strategies help to guide teachers towards developing that quality curricula. This lesson will explain what learning-focused strategies are and give some tips on how to use them.

Madeline Hunter: Lesson Plans, Model, and Templates

34. Madeline Hunter: Lesson Plans, Model, and Templates

Planning lessons is vital for success in the classroom. There are many lesson plan templates to follow, including the Madeline Hunter model. Read on to find out who Madeline Hunter was and learn about her model.

Master Teacher: Definition and Examples

35. Master Teacher: Definition and Examples

Experienced K-12 teachers can take it to the next level by becoming certified master teachers. While state requirements vary, this lesson will provide an overview of some of the strengths and skills all master teachers bring to their practice.

Math Homework Rubric Examples

36. Math Homework Rubric Examples

Using a rubric to grade student math homework is useful to let students know what is expected from them and their work. This lesson will provide several examples of rubrics you can use in your classroom.

Math Notebook Rubric Examples

37. Math Notebook Rubric Examples

Teachers are getting more creative with classroom instruction. Using math notebooks is a smart choice for both teachers and students. Not sure what a math notebook or a rubric is? Read on and we'll help clear up confusion.

Math Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities

38. Math Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities

All students need strategies to find success in math, including those with learning disabilities. What kind of strategies work best? Read on to find out.

Math Technology in the Classroom

39. Math Technology in the Classroom

Teachers use lots of tools to keep students engaged and active learners. Math class is no exception, and technology is a great way to hook learners. This lesson examines how math technology can be used in pre-K through 12 classrooms.

Multiple Intelligences & Learning Styles: Teaching Tips

40. Multiple Intelligences & Learning Styles: Teaching Tips

Your classroom is likely to be filled with students who learn in very different ways. This lesson will introduce the concept of multiple intelligences and learning styles and offer tips for teaching students in this way.

Parent Teacher Conference Tips

41. Parent Teacher Conference Tips

''It takes a village to raise a child.'' Although many know this to be an old African proverb, research has shown that student achievement increases when parents and teachers work together. This lesson will explore the importance of the parent-teacher conference when it comes to student success.

Parent-Teacher Conferences: Tips for Parents

42. Parent-Teacher Conferences: Tips for Parents

Parent-teacher conferences are an incredibly useful time to ask questions and gather information about your child's education. This lesson will provide you with tips to help make the most of these meetings.

Parent-Teacher Conferences: Tips for Teachers

43. Parent-Teacher Conferences: Tips for Teachers

This lesson looks at the best tips for teachers for parent-teacher conferences, in order to help create positive results for both student and teacher. It gives practical examples of real-life situations. The lesson is followed by a practical quiz.

Penmanship: Teaching Strategies for Longhand Writing

44. Penmanship: Teaching Strategies for Longhand Writing

This lesson stresses the importance of teaching good penmanship. Read on to learn about several creative and inexpensive strategies that teachers can use with their students to improve overall handwriting skills.

Preschool Report Card Comments

45. Preschool Report Card Comments

Early childhood educators keep track of children's development in many ways, report cards being one of them. Adding quality comments to report cards is a necessary communication tool for all educators to master.

Problem-Based Learning Activities in Math

46. Problem-Based Learning Activities in Math

Math instruction has undergone many changes, and problem-based learning is one method responsible for this change. In this lesson, we will provide an overview of problem-based learning activities and show how to use them in your math classroom.

Project Based Learning for First Grade

47. Project Based Learning for First Grade

Young learners thrive when they're able to participate in interactive activities. Project-based learning (PBL) understands this principle and takes an experiential approach to education. Read on to learn how to implement PBL with your first grade students.

Project Based Learning for Kindergarten

48. Project Based Learning for Kindergarten

Kindergartners thrive during interactive activities. Project Based Learning or PBL understands this principle and takes an experiential approach to education. PBL engages students to collaborate in discovering the answers to real world questions.

Project Based Learning for Math

49. Project Based Learning for Math

A question in every math class is when students will ever use the principles being taught? Project based math makes use of real life problems. In this lesson, we describe project-based math and include benefits and examples.

Project Based Learning for Science

50. Project Based Learning for Science

Project-based learning can be a useful tool for teaching science. This lesson will provide some examples and strategies for incorporating this method of teaching into your science classroom.

Project Based Learning for Social Studies

51. Project Based Learning for Social Studies

Social studies is a subject that lends itself well to project-based learning. This lesson will explore some ways to incorporate project-based learning in a social studies classroom.

Project Based Learning: Definition and Ideas

52. Project Based Learning: Definition and Ideas

Project Based Learning is a student-centered teaching method that allows students to investigate real-world problems. This lesson will explain the components and give ideas for project-based learning.

Project-Based Learning Activities: Types & Examples

53. Project-Based Learning Activities: Types & Examples

Project-based learning is a great way to engage students in authentic application of knowledge and skills. This lesson gives you some ideas for different kinds of project-based learning activities you can incorporate into the classroom.

Promethean Board Training

54. Promethean Board Training

This lesson will highlight the most effective methods to use when providing Promethean Board training. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.

Promoting Literacy in the Classroom: Strategies & Tips

55. Promoting Literacy in the Classroom: Strategies & Tips

This lesson will help you explore various ways to promote literacy in your classroom that are both educational and fun for students. Learn a few strategies and tips to help your students read for pleasure and by choice.

Promoting Student Responsibility for Learning

56. Promoting Student Responsibility for Learning

This lesson will focus on encouraging students to take responsibility for their learning and become self-directed learners. In addition, it will address typical student excuses and offer suggestions for dealing with these.

Research Based Learning Strategies

57. Research Based Learning Strategies

Learning strategies help students organize their thinking and be successful learners. Sounds simple, but there's a little more to it than following a recipe for instruction. Read on to learn about important research and how this directs instructional practices.

Romeo and Juliet Project Ideas for Teachers

58. Romeo and Juliet Project Ideas for Teachers

This lesson will highlight Romeo and Juliet project ideas for teachers in language arts classrooms as they engage students in the reading of the play. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.

Scaffolding in Teaching: Tips & Strategies

59. Scaffolding in Teaching: Tips & Strategies

In this lesson we'll cover some strategies and tips involved in scaffolding your students' learning. Scaffolding is defined, as is its supporting theory, and a short quiz follows.

Science Notebook Rubric Examples

60. Science Notebook Rubric Examples

This lesson will provide different strategies for developing appropriate science notebook rubrics for elementary, middle school, or high school classrooms. Read on for some examples of such rubrics you can use to complement your science lessons.

Social Studies Essay Rubric Examples

61. Social Studies Essay Rubric Examples

This lesson defines the term 'rubric,' discusses best practices for using rubrics in the social studies classroom, and shows an example of a simple rubric that can be used in the classroom.

Social Studies Presentation Rubric Examples

62. Social Studies Presentation Rubric Examples

Presentations are a useful tool to use to assess student understanding of a variety of topics in social studies. This lesson will help you set your purpose and expectations for this kind of activity by providing some example rubrics you can use.

Social Studies Project Rubric Examples

63. Social Studies Project Rubric Examples

Social studies lessons become rich and engaging when coupled with a cool project. Grading the projects can sometimes be complicated, though. In this lesson, we'll dive into rubrics and learn how they work in the classroom.

Social Studies WebQuest Examples

64. Social Studies WebQuest Examples

The Internet is full of resources, but students are not always proficient at navigating it. WebQuests are a great way for students to explore a topic online while giving them a guiding hand to ensure credible information is covered.

Spiral Curriculum: Definition & Example

65. Spiral Curriculum: Definition & Example

'Spiral curriculum' may be a term that you haven't heard before, but you certainly have learned from such a curriculum in your own student life. This lesson will provide a definition of spiral curriculum as well as some examples of the educational tool in action.

STEM Classroom Setup Ideas for Teachers

66. STEM Classroom Setup Ideas for Teachers

STEM education is extremely important today, and teachers in the STEM fields play an important role in preparing students for the future. This lesson looks at some of the crucial aspects of setting up a classroom for STEM learning.

Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary

67. Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary

Vocabulary instruction is an essential component in language development. Using a variety of teaching strategies, including vocabulary journals, foldables, word walls, and games, helps teachers increase student engagement and vocabulary retention.

Blogging in the Classroom

68. Blogging in the Classroom

Blogs and blogging enable teachers to augment instruction and give students a place to stay connected, informed, and engaged in the classroom. Blogs can also help students improve their writing skills. In this lesson, we will discuss some easy ways to integrate this effective tool into the curriculum.

Teaching Computer Science: Strategies & Tips

69. Teaching Computer Science: Strategies & Tips

We've all heard the words computer science, but do we really know what teaching it means? This lesson will bring you up to date on current strategies for teaching computer science and offer some tips of the trade.

Technology Games in the Classroom

70. Technology Games in the Classroom

In this lesson, we'll cover some valuable resources for implementing gaming into your classroom. From research that supports the benefits of games to some popular educational games, you'll know it all!

Technology in the Foreign Language Classroom

71. Technology in the Foreign Language Classroom

We all know that teachers use technology in classrooms every day across the nation. What about foreign language classrooms? How does technology enhance learning another language? Read on to find out.

Technology in the Music Classroom

72. Technology in the Music Classroom

When you think of something artistic like music, you may assume it has no use for technology. But this isn't the case - using technology in the music classroom has many advantages. Let's learn about some ways technology can enhance music education.

Technology in the Science Classroom

73. Technology in the Science Classroom

Technology integration in the science classroom can be approached in several different ways. In this lesson, we'll look at technology integration from a conventional inquiry-based instruction approach, as well as the levels of technology integration that can be applied to the science classroom.

Technology-Based Classroom Management Resources

74. Technology-Based Classroom Management Resources

In this lesson, we'll look at several types of technology-based classroom management resources, such as digital gradebooks and classroom behavior trackers. We'll also explore tips for using these resources as well as reasons why they're helpful.

Types of Curriculum Models

75. Types of Curriculum Models

Educators use guides to help them decide what, when, and how to teach. These curriculum guides are based on models. Have you ever thought about where your lesson plans came from? Let's take a look at how curriculum models mold our teaching.

What Is Differentiated Instruction? - Examples, Definition & Activities

76. What Is Differentiated Instruction? - Examples, Definition & Activities

This lesson explores the concept of differentiated instruction and how this approach to teaching takes into account the differences between learners and modifies instruction to meet the needs of all students. After completing the lesson, take the short quiz that follows.

Where to Find Primary Sources: Helping Students with Research

77. Where to Find Primary Sources: Helping Students with Research

In this lesson, we examine primary sources, the difference between primary and secondary sources, and some of the best ways to find good primary sources.

Why Is Poetry Important?

78. Why Is Poetry Important?

Instructional time is precious, and as teachers, we like to know why we are prioritizing certain content. This lesson will help you understand some of the reasons it is important to include poetry in your curriculum.

Writing a Narrative Paragraph

79. Writing a Narrative Paragraph

Narrative paragraphs use organizational choices, transition words, and imagery to tell an author's particular version of a story and, if desired, a message or lesson learned from that story.

What is a Bio Poem? - Definition, Examples & Format

80. What is a Bio Poem? - Definition, Examples & Format

A bio poem is a type of writing you will find yourself teaching throughout your career. This lesson will help you by providing a definition, explaining the format, and providing an example.

What is a Diorama? - Definition, Ideas & Examples

81. What is a Diorama? - Definition, Ideas & Examples

A diorama is often used as a learning tool to help show a student's understanding of a certain subject matter. In reality, a diorama is much more. A diorama is a three-dimensional scene used to creatively express learning.

Using Independent Research Projects in Instruction

82. Using Independent Research Projects in Instruction

Where is the line between hand-holding and letting students work independently? How do we know if and when they are ready? In this lesson we will discuss the teacher's role in independent research projects and the strategies that preface independent learning.

Running Record: Definition, Examples & Analysis

83. Running Record: Definition, Examples & Analysis

This lesson will give definition, examples and analysis of running records used to assess student reading skills. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.

What is Chronological Order? - Definition & Example

84. What is Chronological Order? - Definition & Example

Why is it important to explain information in a particular order? This lesson defines and explains the importance of using and teaching chronological order.

Research-Based Instructional Strategies for Reading

85. Research-Based Instructional Strategies for Reading

When teachers use research-based instructional strategies, students have the best chance to learn to read or improve their reading skills. Effective instructional strategies will include the key areas of word knowledge and comprehension.

Research-Based Instructional Strategies for Math

86. Research-Based Instructional Strategies for Math

This lesson discusses research-based instructional strategies for math and why they're important. It also describes three specific instructional strategies and how they are used in the classroom.

What are Instructional Strategies? - Types & Examples

87. What are Instructional Strategies? - Types & Examples

This lesson provides examples of different instructional strategies to help students learn, including prior knowledge activation, demonstration, problem-based learning, group collaboration, modeling, and scaffolded instruction.

What is Character Education? - Curriculum & Activities

88. What is Character Education? - Curriculum & Activities

Character education is an important component of teaching young people. This lesson will define character education and provide strategies and techniques for incorporating it into your daily curriculum.

Teaching Methods for Remedial Math

89. Teaching Methods for Remedial Math

In most classrooms, there will be at least one student that needs remediation in math. This is a situation every teacher faces and the methods and strategies detailed in this lesson will help you effectively aid your students.

Concept Attainment: Model & Strategy

90. Concept Attainment: Model & Strategy

In this lesson, you will learn the definition of concept attainment, as well as the model and strategy used by teachers to help students learn attributes of concepts and critical thinking skills.

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