About This Chapter
Instructional Strategies - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter cover various strategies educators can use in their classroom to help students with special needs. Our instructors explain the concepts of direct, discovery and differentiated instruction, and show how to apply universal design in special education. Other lessons cover cooperative and collaborative learning, as well as expository approaches to instruction. By the end of this chapter, you'll be prepared to:
- Give pros and cons of homework
- Discuss ways to adapt instruction to educate students with special needs
- Explain hands-on and interactive teaching strategies
- Detail peer-mediated instruction and behavior management
- Describe supplementary and functional curriculum selection
- Identify how to select developmentally appropriate curriculum
- Define instructional strategies for the maintenance and generalization of concepts
These video and text lessons are taught by instructors who are professionals in the field and who know how to make learning fun. Each lesson includes a written transcript that has important terms and phases in bold. At the end of the lesson, you can assess your knowledge through multiple-choice questions. If you need extra review on specific topics, video tags will take you right back to that point in the lesson.
1. Educating Students with Special Needs
In this lesson, we will explore how to educate students with special needs. We will specifically address how the educational needs of these students are best served if they are in a mainstream classroom being taught alongside their peers.
2. Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative
In this lesson, we will use the fictional Academy of Magic to illustrate four types of instructional strategies that teachers use in the classroom: expository instruction, interactive instruction, hands-on instruction and collaborative instruction.
3. Direct Instruction & Discovery Instruction: Definition & Differences
Two of the most popular teaching strategies are direct instruction and discovery instruction, which are frequently discussed in contrast with each other. In this lesson, we define each type of instruction and discuss the differences between the two.
4. Differentiated Instruction: Adapting the Learning Environment for Students
Differentiated instruction is a great strategy that teachers use to accommodate a wide variety of learning needs. In this lesson, we discuss differentiated instruction and identify which aspects of the classroom can be differentiated.
5. Cooperative and Collaborative Learning in the Classroom
It's extremely common for teachers to require students to work in groups. However, certain types of groups and activities are preferred over others. In this lesson, we define cooperative learning and discuss its advantages in the classroom. We also define collaborative learning and explain how it is different than cooperative learning.
6. Expository Approaches to Instruction
Good expository instruction goes beyond just giving information to students. In this lesson, we describe effective expository instruction and how it is used to structure lessons in a way that optimizes learning.
7. Peer-Mediated Instruction & Behavior Management
In this lesson we will learn about peer-mediated instruction and behavior management and how they are used. We will also learn the steps used to implement peer mediation in the classroom.
8. Supplementary & Functional Curriculum: Selection & Implementation
Students with disabilities may benefit from adaptations to the traditional curricula. This lesson will discuss the selection and implementation of supplementary and functional curriculum in special education.
9. Pros and Cons of Homework
Homework is a hot topic in education. There are both pros and cons to assigning homework. This lesson outlines some of the major arguments both for and against homework. A short quiz follows the lesson.
10. Use of Universal Design in Special Education
Universal design strives to meet the unique needs of many different types of students. This lesson will discuss the use of universal design in special education and will end with a brief quiz to see what you have learned.
11. How to Select Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum
Choosing material that is both age and skill-level appropriate can be tricky for any teacher. This lesson explains the concept behind selecting appropriate curriculum and shares methods of determining levels.
12. Instructional Strategies for the Maintenance & Generalization of Concepts
You can help your students make progress toward independence as you teach them to perform skills in a variety of settings over time. In this lesson, we'll discuss some suggestions for including maintenance and generalization in your instruction.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Praxis Special Education (5354): Practice & Study Guide course
- Child Development Psychology
- Cognitive Influences on Learning
- How Disability & Developmental Delay Can Affect Learning
- Learning Theory
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Meeting Individual Children's Needs
- Student Learning and Motivation
- Intervention & Transition Strategies for Special Education
- Adaptive & Assistive Technology in the Classroom
- Learning Assessments
- Foundations & Professional Responsibilities
- Praxis Special Education Flashcards