About This Chapter
Standard: Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.9)
About This Chapter
Students in their last two years of high school should be ready to take on the challenge of intensive argumentative essays that rely heavily on effective use of research. The video lessons in this collection can guide your students toward mastery of this standard by presenting the following concepts:
- Argument structure in essays
- Major parts of arguments
- 3 ways to appeal to audiences
- Evaluating strengths and weaknesses of sources
- Dealing with source discrepancies
- Avoiding plagiarism
- Steps for citing sources
You'll know that your students have mastered this standard when they're able to understand and assess arguments set forth in text readings and effectively use sources in their own writing. Having control over this standard will help students in the pursuit of varied college programs and in careers that require the ability to use sources for backup in arguments.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
As a secondary teacher, you know that high school students can be very opinionated! Along with your curriculum and our fun video lessons, the following classroom teaching ideas can help you lead your class past the opinion to the research that will back it up.
Part to Whole
Share the video lesson about the parts of an argument. Using a essay based on a topic of wide interest in your class, task students to discover the claims, counterclaims, evidence and reasons within. The same process may then be followed with a text related to history/social studies, using either whole-group, small group or individual homework format.
Watch the video lesson about 3 ways to appeal to audiences as a group or assign as homework. Review the differences between the 3 strategies introduced in the lesson. Broach a topic of wide concern/interest for your students and the various related arguments. Divide your class into logos, pathos and ethos groups, assigning specific sides to the argument related to the topic at hand. Challenge groups to brainstorm ways for using their particular methods as a way to make a case for their assigned take on the argument.
Practice Makes Perfect
After sharing the lessons about citing online sources and journal articles, give your class a list of various types of sources. Ask students to compile those sources in APA and then MLA formats.
1. How to Write a Great Argument
Many times our writing must not just be informative but it must also be persuasive. One of the best ways to be very persuasive is to use a great argument. Learn six steps you can follow to write a great argument.
2. Logos, Ethos and Pathos: 3 Ways to Appeal to an Audience in Essays
Appeal is an important aspect to writing, especially when your goal is to inform and/or persuade the reader in some area. In this lesson, we will examine the three main types of appeal: logos, ethos and pathos
3. What are Data? - Types, Sources & Definition
In this lesson, learn what data are and compare different types. Understanding how to represent and organize data is a key element of using a computer.
4. Academic Sources: Definition & Examples
Find out what academic sources are and what to look for if you're required to use them for research papers and essays. Complete the lesson, and take a quiz to test your new knowledge.
5. Creating a Balanced Argument Using Multiple Sources
Arguments are good things. They're important parts of our academic, professional, and social lives, but they have to be done right. In this lesson, we're going to talk about creating a balanced argument through a simple, 5-step process.
6. Understanding a Source's Strengths and Weaknesses
In this lesson, we'll evaluate sources as they are used in the social sciences. We will identify various types of sources and analyze their strengths and weaknesses.
7. Acknowledging and Working With Source Discrepancies
Have you ever read one thing in one book, and a totally contradictory thing in another book? That's called a source discrepancy. In this lesson, you'll learn how to deal with that when you're writing a paper.
8. How to Avoid Plagiarism: When to Cite Sources
Plagiarism is a very serious matter in both academia and professional writing. Plagiarism in an academic setting can lead to you failing a course or being removed from school completely. Plagiarism in professional writing can lead to being fired from a job or finding yourself in court being sued. Let's figure out how to avoid this issue!
9. How to Cite Online Sources
A large majority of research today is done online, so you'll need to cite web pages for your papers. In this video we will learn the proper way of citing online sources in both APA and MLA styles.
10. Journal Article Citations
One of the most common citations used in academic writing is that of journal articles. In this video, we will learn all about putting journal article citations into our text and works cited pages. The citations in this video are in APA style; before you sit down to make a works cited page, make sure to check what style your discipline requires.
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Other chapters within the Common Core History & Social Studies Grades 11-12: Literacy Standards course
- Using Evidence to Support Analysis: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.1
- Central Ideas in Writing: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.2
- Evaluating Explanations in Writing: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.3
- Determining the Meaning of Words: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.4
- Analyzing Text Structure: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.5
- Evaluating View Points: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.6
- Using Multiple Sources of Information: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.7
- Evaluating Sources: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.8
- Reading Comprehension: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.10
- Informational Texts Examples for CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH11-12.10