About This Chapter
Intelligence, Creativity and Wisdom - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Intelligence changes over a person's lifetime. In this chapter, you can learn about fluid and crystallized intelligence, and hear how they change with age. Educators have embraced Howard Gardner's concept of multiple intelligences in recent years, in efforts to meet students' needs. Work your way through these lessons, and discover whether you identify most strongly with visual, linguistic, logical/mathematical, interpersonal, intrapersonal or naturalist intelligence. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- Types of intelligence testing
- Effects on performance
- Changes that occur over time in intelligence and creativity
- Qualities possessed by creative people
|Introduction to Intelligence||This lesson explains discrimination and factor analysis.|
|A Life-Span View of Intelligence||In this lesson, we'll examine the life-span approach to intelligence by looking at multidimensionality, multidirectionality, plasticity, and interindividual variability.|
|Research Approaches to Intelligence: Psychometric, Information-Processing and Cognitive Structural||Here, the information-processing, psychometric and cognitive structural approaches to intelligence research are discussed.|
|Two Types of Intelligence: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence||Learn how to compare these two types of intelligence and explain how they differ with age.|
|Primary and Secondary Mental Abilities||Find out the definition of primary and secondary mental capabilities and examine how primary abilities can evolve with age. Lean about the development of fluid and crystallized intelligence.|
|History of Intelligence Testing||This lesson discusses eugenics and the works of Alfred Binet, Sir Francis Galton, Henry Goddard and David Wechsler.|
|Intelligence Testing and Types||This lesson examines IQ and how it is measured, including the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Adults and for Children.|
|Biological Bases of Intelligence||In this lesson, we explain the Flynn effect and genetic predisposition.|
|Multiple Intelligences||Learn about the eight types of intelligences and discuss each.|
|Factors Influencing Performance||Learn more about cohort/educational effects, test-taking anxiety, cautiousness, timed-tests, motivation, terminal drop and cognitive reserve and how they impact performance.|
|Adult Creativity and Intelligence: Changes with Age||In this lesson, we'll explain how intelligence and creativity change over time.|
|Creativity||This lesson defines creativity and discusses how creativity can be measured and ways it changes as we mature. We'll also explain the ways creativity and productivity differ.|
|Creativity and Divergent Thinking||In this lesson, we'll define and discuss analytical intelligence and divergent thinking.|
|Wisdom: Definition, Operations and Types||Understand wisdom and its relation to age and life experience with this lesson. Discuss formal and post formal operations of wisdom and the meaning of practical and philosophical wisdom.|
1. Studying Intelligence: History, Psychologists & Theories
We all want to be smart in one way or another, but what exactly is general intelligence? This lesson takes a look at the possible factors behind intellectual development and how this controversial topic has been examined by psychologists.
2. A Life-Span View of Intelligence: Definition & Aspects
In this lesson, we will explore a handful of topics that are often relevant to the research of intelligence. We'll also take a look at how intelligence changes as we age.
3. Research Approaches to Intelligence: Definitions & Differences
In this lesson, we will explore three different ways that people have gone about measuring intelligence. This requires some focus due to the soft science nature of psychology.
4. Two Types of Intelligence: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Are you better at memorizing facts or at assembling a piece of equipment using a diagram? These two tasks illustrate two different types of intelligence proposed by Raymond Cattell known as 'fluid intelligence' and 'crystallized intelligence.' This lesson covers both types and how each type might change over one's lifespan.
5. Primary & Secondary Mental Abilities: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will look into what primary and secondary mental abilities are, including fluid and crystallized intelligence and ways that they can be measured.
6. History of Intelligence Testing in Psychology
Throughout the years, there have been many methods used that attempted to accurately quantify and measure human intelligence. You've probably heard of or taken an IQ test, but what does an IQ test actually measure? Find out in this lesson.
7. Intelligence Testing and Types
Most people have heard of IQ. But how is it measured and what does it mean? In this lesson, we'll look at the history of intelligence testing, major types of intelligence tests, and the debate and controversy over intelligence.
8. Studying Intelligence: Biological vs. Environmental Factors
Have you ever wondered if your intelligence is entirely due to genetics or if it's shaped by the environment surrounding you? In this lesson, you'll learn about the factors that affect and influence a person's intelligence.
9. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
10. Factors Influencing Performance: Examples
In this lesson, we will explore controllable and uncontrollable factors that will influence and/or inhibit a person's performance on tests, such as specific behaviors that could cause problems. We'll also discuss ways to mitigate these factors.
11. Adult Creativity and Intelligence: Changes with Age
Does IQ increase as we get older? Does it decrease? Does it remain the same? Explore the different ways to answer these questions and discover the roles of crystallized and fluid intelligence in this lesson.
12. Creativity & Aging: Definition & Changes with Age
In this lesson we will explore what creativity is, how one can go about measuring it and what leads to one being creative. In addition, we'll look at how creativity changes with age.
13. Analytical Intelligence, Divergent Thinking & Creativity
Some people tend to think more analytically, while some are creative thinkers by nature. Is creativity an important skill for solving problems? In this lesson, we'll learn the differences between creative and analytical thinking and discover ways to nurture creative thinking.
14. Wisdom: Definition, Operations & Types
In this lesson we discuss what wisdom is, as well as how it derives from Piagetian and Aristotelian concepts of practicality, advanced thinking and cognition, and knowledge from experience.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Psychology of Adulthood & Aging for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Adult Development and Aging
- Political and Ethical Issues in Studying Adult Development and Aging
- Research Methods and the Study of Adult Development and Aging
- Conducting Ethical Research
- Personality & Aging
- Health of the Aging Population
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Brain and Nervous System
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- Cognitive Development & Aging
- Mental Health and Lifespan Development Disorders
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Abnormal Psychology
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Relationships in Adulthood
- Work in Early, Middle, and Late Adulthood
- Retirement and Leisure in Adulthood
- Death, Dying, and Bereavement