About This Chapter
Intelligence, Creativity, & Wisdom in Older Adults - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Older adults are often thought of as having wisdom, but how is that measured? The video lessons here will demonstrate for you what intelligence, creativity and wisdom mean and how those meanings can be affected by factors like age. Get an overview of key concepts, like life-span views and fluid and crystallized intelligence. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the concept of intelligence and how it's measured
- Provide an overview of how intelligence changes with aging
- Talk about the Flynn Effect, types of intelligence and a history of the field
- Explore how creativity and wisdom also change with age
|Intro to Intelligence||Gain an overview of what intelligence is and why it matters.|
|A Life-Span View of Intelligence: Definition & Aspects||Describe the life-span approach and the four major areas of intelligence it recognizes.|
|The Flynn Effect: Generational Increases in Intelligence Test Scores||Talk about the Flynn Effect.|
|Research Approaches to Intelligence: Definitions & Differences||Name and describe various research types, such as psychometric.|
|Two Types of Intelligence: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence||Compare and contrast these two kinds of intelligence.|
|Primary & Secondary Mental Abilities: Definition & Examples||Describe these abilities and how they can change.|
|History of Intelligence Testing||Learn about the roots of intelligence testing.|
|Intelligence Testing and Types||Name common intelligence tests, like Stanford-Binet or the Intelligent Scale for Children.|
|Biological Bases of Intelligence||State the biological roots of intelligence.|
|Multiple Intelligences||Explore the concept of multiple intelligences.|
|Factors Influencing Performance: Examples||Learn how and why intelligence assessments can be affected, such as through test-taking anxiety.|
|Adult Creativity and Intelligence: Changes with Age||Find out more about why creativity and intelligence change as adults age.|
|Creativity & Aging: Definition & Changes with Age||Give the meaning of creativity; describe how it's measured and how it changes as creative adults age.|
|Creativity and Divergent Thinking||See how these two qualities complement each other.|
|Wisdom: Definition, Operations & Types||Provide a meaning for 'wisdom;' talk about practical and philosophical wisdom.|
1. Studying Intelligence: History, Psychologists & Theories
We all want to be smart in one way or another, but what exactly is general intelligence? This lesson takes a look at the possible factors behind intellectual development and how this controversial topic has been examined by psychologists.
2. A Life-Span View of Intelligence: Definition & Aspects
In this lesson, we will explore a handful of topics that are often relevant to the research of intelligence. We'll also take a look at how intelligence changes as we age.
3. The Flynn Effect: Generational Increases in Intelligence Test Scores
IQ scores are supposed to measure how well a person will do in school. But, what happens when the average IQ score isn't the same from generation to generation? In this lesson, we'll examine the Flynn effect and what might cause it.
4. Research Approaches to Intelligence: Definitions & Differences
In this lesson, we will explore three different ways that people have gone about measuring intelligence. This requires some focus due to the soft science nature of psychology.
5. Two Types of Intelligence: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Are you better at memorizing facts or at assembling a piece of equipment using a diagram? These two tasks illustrate two different types of intelligence proposed by Raymond Cattell known as 'fluid intelligence' and 'crystallized intelligence.' This lesson covers both types and how each type might change over one's lifespan.
6. Primary & Secondary Mental Abilities: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will look into what primary and secondary mental abilities are, including fluid and crystallized intelligence and ways that they can be measured.
7. History of Intelligence Testing in Psychology
Throughout the years, there have been many methods used that attempted to accurately quantify and measure human intelligence. You've probably heard of or taken an IQ test, but what does an IQ test actually measure? Find out in this lesson.
8. Intelligence Testing and Types
Most people have heard of IQ. But how is it measured and what does it mean? In this lesson, we'll look at the history of intelligence testing, major types of intelligence tests, and the debate and controversy over intelligence.
9. Studying Intelligence: Biological vs. Environmental Factors
Have you ever wondered if your intelligence is entirely due to genetics or if it's shaped by the environment surrounding you? In this lesson, you'll learn about the factors that affect and influence a person's intelligence.
10. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
11. Factors Influencing Performance: Examples
In this lesson, we will explore controllable and uncontrollable factors that will influence and/or inhibit a person's performance on tests, such as specific behaviors that could cause problems. We'll also discuss ways to mitigate these factors.
12. Adult Creativity and Intelligence: Changes with Age
Does IQ increase as we get older? Does it decrease? Does it remain the same? Explore the different ways to answer these questions and discover the roles of crystallized and fluid intelligence in this lesson.
13. Creativity & Aging: Definition & Changes with Age
In this lesson we will explore what creativity is, how one can go about measuring it and what leads to one being creative. In addition, we'll look at how creativity changes with age.
14. Analytical Intelligence, Divergent Thinking & Creativity
Some people tend to think more analytically, while some are creative thinkers by nature. Is creativity an important skill for solving problems? In this lesson, we'll learn the differences between creative and analytical thinking and discover ways to nurture creative thinking.
15. Wisdom: Definition, Operations & Types
In this lesson we discuss what wisdom is, as well as how it derives from Piagetian and Aristotelian concepts of practicality, advanced thinking and cognition, and knowledge from experience.
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Other chapters within the Gerontology for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Gerontology
- Political & Ethical Issues in Studying Gerontology
- Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology
- Conducting Ethical Research When Studying Gerontology
- The Demography of Aging
- The Health of Older Adults
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- The Brain & Nervous System in Older Adults
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- The Cognitive Development of Older Adults
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders in Older Adults
- Measures of Well-Being in Aging Populations
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Older Adults
- Personality & Older Adulthood
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Aging in Society: Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships of Older Adults
- The Economics of Aging
- Work in Late Adulthood
- Work, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Politics and Policy for Older Adults
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults