About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our High School Physical Science Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about organic chemistry. There is no faster or easier way to learn about introductory organic chemistry. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about hydrocarbons, lipids, carbohydrates, polymers and amino acids..
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a physical science curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and an Intro to Organic Chemistry unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Intro to Organic Chemistry Unit Objectives:
- Gain an understanding of the functional groups in organic molecules, such as ethers, organic acids and alcohols.
- Explore polymers and monomers.
- Learn the basic function and structure of carbohydrates.
- Analyze the organization and purpose of lipids.
- Look at the distinctiveness of the 20 amino acids.
- Compare peptide bonds, amino acids and polymerization.
- Review the multiple structures of proteins, from primary to quaternary.
- Define aromatic hydrocarbons and how they're used.
- Identify aliphatic hydrocarbons and their properties.
- Learn about hydrocarbon derivatives and how they're used in organic chemistry.
- Understand synthetic polymers.
- Explore types of organic reactions.
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
7. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
9. Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Definition, Examples & Uses
Learn about aromatic hydrocarbons, what they are and how they got their name. Understand what makes this class of chemicals so special. Learn some examples of aromatic hydrocarbons and the various ways they are used.
10. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Definition & Properties
Learn about aliphatic hydrocarbons and discover where you can find these types of compounds in everyday life. Understand the definition and properties of aliphatic hydrocarbons.
11. Hydrocarbon Derivatives: Definition & Properties
In this lesson, you'll learn what it means to be a hydrocarbon derivative. In the process, you'll compare them to regular hydrocarbons. By the end you will have discovered some general properties of hydrocarbon derivatives.
12. Synthetic Polymers: Definition & Examples
Discover the chemistry behind some of the most popular and useful compounds ever made: synthetic polymers. Encounter some cool and common examples as you learn about the structures of these versatile compounds.
13. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
14. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the High School Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Understanding Matter: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Gases: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding the Atom & Atomic Structure: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Periodic Table: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Chemical Bonding: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Solutions: Homeschool Curriculum
- Stoichiometry: Homeschool Curriculum
- Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions: Homeschool Curriculum
- Atomic and Nuclear Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Motion: Homeschool Curriculum
- Force, Motion and Newton's Laws: Homeschool Curriculum
- Work, Energy, Power & Thermodynamics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Waves, Sound & Light: Homeschool Curriculum
- Light in Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Electricity: Homeschool Curriculum
- Thermal Physics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Magnetism: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Universe: Homeschool Curriculum
- Atmospheric Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Geologic Time Scale - Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Internal Structure of the Earth: Homeschool Curriculum
- Plate Tectonics - Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Minerals and Rocks: Homeschool Curriculum
- Igneous Rocks: Homeschool Curriculum
- Sedimentary Rocks - A Deeper Look: Homeschool Curriculum
- Volcanoes - Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Earthquakes - Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Weathering and Erosion: Homeschool Curriculum
- Water Balance - Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ground Water - Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Coastal Hazards: Homeschool Curriculum