About This Chapter
Introduction to Organic Chemistry - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Organic chemistry is the scientific study of matter that contains carbon atoms. The lessons in this chapter are taught by experienced instructors who discuss topics including the structure and function of molecules found in living organisms. You'll learn about the types of organic reactions and about amino acids. The quizzes that accompany each video allow you to test what you've learned. By the end of this chapter, you should understand the following:
- Functional groups of organic molecules
- Monomers and polymers
- Structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids
- Types of hydrocarbons
- Organic reactions
|Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups||Define and discuss functional groups, including alcohols, ketones, ethers and esters.|
|Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers||Define and discuss monomers and polymers.|
|Structure and Function of Carbohydrates||Discuss the structure and function of carbohydrates.|
|Structure and Function of Lipids||Discuss the structure and function of lipids.|
|Proteins I: Structure and Function||Discuss the structure and function of proteins.|
|Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids||Learn the 20 amino acids and discuss their structure and function.|
|Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds||Discuss the role of amino acids in polymerization and peptide bonds.|
|Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure||Explore and discuss the biomolecular structure of proteins.|
|Aromatic Hydrocarbons||Define and discuss aromatic hydrocarbons.|
|Aliphatic Hydrocarbons||Define and discuss aliphatic hydrocarbons.|
|Hydrocarbon Derivatives||Define and discuss hydrocarbon derivatives.|
|Synthetic Polymers||Define and discuss synthetic polymers.|
|Organic Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization, Cracking, Oxidation, Esterification and Fermentation||Define and discuss organic reactions.|
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
7. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
9. Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Definition, Examples & Uses
Learn about aromatic hydrocarbons, what they are and how they got their name. Understand what makes this class of chemicals so special. Learn some examples of aromatic hydrocarbons and the various ways they are used.
10. Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Definition & Properties
Learn about aliphatic hydrocarbons and discover where you can find these types of compounds in everyday life. Understand the definition and properties of aliphatic hydrocarbons.
11. Hydrocarbon Derivatives: Definition & Properties
In this lesson, you'll learn what it means to be a hydrocarbon derivative. In the process, you'll compare them to regular hydrocarbons. By the end you will have discovered some general properties of hydrocarbon derivatives.
12. Synthetic Polymers: Definition & Examples
Discover the chemistry behind some of the most popular and useful compounds ever made: synthetic polymers. Encounter some cool and common examples as you learn about the structures of these versatile compounds.
13. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
14. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
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Other chapters within the Physical Science Textbook course
- Understanding Matter
- Understanding Gases
- Understanding the Atom & Atomic Structure
- The Periodic Table
- Understanding Chemical Bonding
- Understanding Solutions
- Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions
- Atomic and Nuclear Physics
- Understanding Motion
- Force, Motion, and Newton's Laws
- Work, Energy, Power, and Thermodynamics
- Properties of Light in Physical Science
- Waves and Sound in Physical Science
- Thermal Physics
- The Universe
- Intro to Atmospheric Science
- Geologic Time
- The Internal Structure of the Earth
- Plate Tectonics
- Minerals and Rocks
- Igneous Rocks
- Sedimentary Rocks: A Deeper Look
- Metamorphic Rocks: A Deeper Look
- Weathering and Erosion
- Water Balance
- Ground Water
- Coastal Hazards