About This Chapter
Intro to Rocks, Minerals & Soil - Chapter Summary
You can learn about the basics of rocks, minerals and soil by watching the online video lessons that are included in this chapter. Our lesson instructors will share with you their unique expertise in this particular area.
The lesson will provide you with comprehensive overviews of the different types of rocks, minerals and soil, including their defining characteristics and the specific differences between them. You will also learn about the ways in which natural processes affect the formation and development of each. Some specific topics you will learn about are:
- Igneous, sedentary and metamorphic rock cycles
- The three major types of rocks
- The types, properties and examples of minerals
- Erosion and deposition
- The definition and explanation of weathering
- The definition, structure and types of soil
- Calculations related to porosity
The video tags included in each lesson will allow you to find the points in each video corresponding to the main points of the lesson, if you want to jump to a particular moment instead of watching from the beginning. Once you feel comfortable in your knowledge of the subject, you can take the lessons' practice quizzes and final chapter exam to check your comprehension. Finally, use your personal Dashboard to keep track of your learning progress moving through the chapter.
1. Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks
In this lesson, we will discuss the three main types of rocks and how they are formed. The lesson also gives an introduction into how matter locked in rocks can be cycled through the earth.
2. Types of Rocks: The Three Major Rock Groups
Did you know that lava is molten rock that reaches the earth's surface? Furthermore, did you know that rocks exist in three general forms: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic? This lesson describes these rock types and examples of each.
3. What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about minerals and their properties. You will also understand the importance and everyday use of different types of minerals found on Earth.
4. Rocks and Minerals: Definitions and Differences
Can you tell the difference between a rock and a mineral? What makes a mineral so much different from a rock? Explore these questions in depth, and learn how we classify rocks and minerals.
5. Effect of Erosion and Deposition on Landforms
Landforms are constantly being broken down and reformed by the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition. In this lesson, we explore chemical and physical weathering and how the face of the earth gets changed.
6. Weathering: Definition & Explanation
Discover how rocks and minerals are broken down by chemical and mechanical forms of weathering. Learn about some of the many geological formations created by weathering, from large caves to beautiful arches made of rock.
7. What is Soil? - Definition, Structure & Types
Soil is the material found on the surface of the earth that is composed of organic and inorganic material. Soil varies due to its structure and composition. Learn about the different types of soil and soil structures in this video lesson.
8. Porosity: Definition, Equation, Calculation & Measurement
In this lesson, we will talk about porosity, a term that geologists use to describe how much empty space is inside a rock. We'll also look at the specific calculations used to figure porosity, which is usually given as a percentage.
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Other chapters within the GACE Middle Grades Science (014): Practice & Study Guide course
- Scientific Inquiry & Design
- Nature of Scientific Knowledge
- Major Developments & Historical Figures in Science
- Collecting & Analyzing Scientific Data
- Science Laboratory & Field Equipment Safety
- Environmental Effects of Science & Technology
- Energy Production & Natural Resource Management
- Science & Technology in Consumer Products
- The Atomic Model, Energy & Matter
- Concepts & Relationships Between Energy & Matter
- Basics of the Periodic Table
- Chemical Compounds & Reactions
- Acid-Base Chemistry
- Solutions & Solubility
- Basic Concepts of Mechanics
- Electricity & Magnetism Concepts
- Waves & Optics
- Structure & Function of Cells & Organelles
- Basic Biochemistry of Life
- Basic Genetics
- Evolution, Natural Selection & Biological Diversity
- Hierarchical Classification of Living Things
- Plant Structures & Function
- Animal & Human Anatomy & Physiology
- Population Dynamics & Ecology
- Earth's Structure & Internal Processes
- Effects of Plate Tectonics
- Historical Geology
- Water Cycle
- Earth's Oceans & Landforms
- Freshwater Characteristics & Processes
- Atmosphere & Weather
- Climate & Seasons
- Exploring Features of the Solar System
- Earth-Moon-Sun System
- GACE Middle Grades Science Flashcards