About This Chapter
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- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Intro to the Baroque Period in Music chapter exam.
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- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an Intro to the Baroque Period in Music unit of a standard introductory humanities course. Topics covered include:
- Characteristics and history of the organ and the harpsichord
- Decorative and ornate music
- Harmony and counterpoint
- The fugue and the oratorio
- Connection of Baroque music to art
- Baroque composers
1. The Organ: Instrument Characteristics and History
The organ and other keyboard instruments were important catalysts in driving composers to create more complex music in the Baroque era. Learn how the instruments work and why they played such an important role during this time period.
2. Counterpoint in the Baroque Period: Definition, Harmony & Examples
The use of counterpoint is a significant characteristic of Baroque period music. In this lesson, learn how to define counterpoint, how it was used during the Baroque period, and hear popular examples.
3. The Fugue: Bach, Definition & Examples
A fugue is a complex style of composition that was developed during the Baroque period. In this lesson, learn how fugues are made, what characteristic qualities make up the style, and how J.S. Bach influenced the style, and listen to examples.
4. Aristocrats: Definition & Examples
Societies have often been controlled by a small group of families known as aristocrats. Read this lesson to learn some key ideas and read about some examples throughout history.
5. The Oratorio: Composers, Definitions & Examples
The oratorio was significant to Catholic and Protestant church life throughout Europe during the Baroque period. Find out about the oratorio's role in church, influential composers, and why it will make you want to shout 'Hallelujah!'
6. Decorative and Ornate Music of the Baroque Era
Through embellished melodies and newly established ideas of harmonic theory, the music of the Baroque era brought a new sense of musical expression. In this lesson, learn how composers of the era achieved affective music through new influence and a new style of writing.
7. Antonio Vivaldi: Biography, Music & Facts
Antonio Vivaldi was one of the prominent composers of the Italian Baroque. He was particularly famous for his concerti. In this lesson we will discuss his life and music.
8. Baroque Composers: Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Pachelbel & More
The Baroque was an exuberant musical period that lasted from 1600-1750. This lesson will introduce you to some of the Baroque's most famous composers.
9. Bach: Important Works, Organ, Fugues and Solo Works
In this lesson, you'll meet Johann Sebastian Bach, one of the greatest composers and organists from music's Baroque period. This lesson will introduce you to Bach's life and works, with an emphasis on his organ music.
10. Handel: Major Works & Oratorio
Though George Frideric Handel was born in Germany, he composed the world's most popular English choral piece. This lesson explores how Handel's career brought him to England and how he captured the public's heart with his compositions called oratorios.
11. The Baroque Orchestra: Instruments, Structure & Forms
In the history of Western music, the Baroque orchestra holds a very important position. In this lesson, explore the formation and structure of the Baroque orchestra, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
12. Baroque Opera Composers: Monteverdi & Lully
The Baroque period began with the invention of opera, and composers like Monteverdi and Lully helped bring the opera genre to new heights. In this lesson, we'll explore the life and music of these two great opera composers.
13. Antonio Vivaldi and Henry Purcell: Baroque Composers in Italy and England
In this lesson, we'll explore the life and music of two of the Baroque period's greatest stars: the English composer Henry Purcell and the Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi. Then, test yourself with the brief quiz.
14. Alessandro Scarlatti: Biography, Music & Cantatas
Alessandro Scarlatti was a prodigious composer of the Italian Baroque. In this lesson we will look at his music and the influence it had on future composers.
15. Baroque Suite: Definition & Dances
The Baroque Suite was a collection of popular dances usually performed by a soloist or a small chamber group. Let's look at the types of dances used and some of the most important examples.
16. Basso Continuo: Definition & Instruments
In Baroque music, most performances were held together by the basso continuo: a couple of instruments playing a bass line and harmonies. In this lesson, you'll learn how the basso continuo worked and which instruments played it.
17. Composer Dieterich Buxtehude: Organ Music, Works & Cantatas
Dieterich Buxtehude was a Baroque organist and composer. Perhaps best known for his organ works, and the fact that J.S. Bach walked more than 200 miles to hear him play, Buxtehude's music was far more influential than is commonly believed. Read on to find out more about this mysterious composer and organist!
18. Giovanni Gabrieli: Biography & Music
The music of Giovanni Gabrieli represents the height of the Venetian Renaissance. This lesson discusses Gabrieli's music and innovations and the role St. Mark played in those developments.
19. Jean-Baptiste Lully: Biography & Music
Jean-Baptiste Lully was the most influential composer of French opera. In this lesson we will learn about his life, his music, and his contributions to opera.
20. What is Baroque Music? - Definition, History, Characteristics & Composers
Emerging from the Renaissance, Baroque music was perhaps the most openly innovative musical period to date in Western history. Full of melodies and even some improvisation, this style that began to fight the Reformation would lead to the birth of opera.
21. William Tell: Story, Legend, Music & Composer
Review the legend of William Tell and learn how this famous story inspired an important play and later, an opera. At the end, test your knowledge with a quiz.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Humanities: Help and Review course
- Literary Terms & Techniques: Help and Review
- Literary Time Periods: Help and Review
- Literature of the Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The English Renaissance: Help and Review
- Literature of the Victorian Era: Help and Review
- British Romanticism: Help and Review
- British Literature of the 20th Century: Help and Review
- Literary Modernism: Help and Review
- Romantic Poetry: Help and Review
- World Literature - Drama: Help and Review
- Poetry of the Ancient and Modern Worlds: Help and Review
- Prominent American Novelists: Help and Review
- Philosophy and Nonfiction: Help and Review
- History of Visual Art: Help and Review
- History of Architecture: Help and Review
- Basic Elements of Music: Help and Review
- Overview of Opera and Orchestral Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Medieval Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Renaissance Music: Help and Review
- Music's Classical Period: Help and Review
- Music's Romantic Period: Help and Review
- Music of the Modern Era: Help and Review
- Overview of Jazz Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review
- Intro to World Music: Help and Review
- Introduction to the Performing Arts: Help and Review
- Introduction to Morality
- Moral Belief Systems
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics
- Theories of Natural & Moral Law
- Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Morality Within Western Religion
- Issues of Morality in Life & Death
- Moral Issues in Economic Equality & Poverty
- Philosophical Theory & the Justice System
- Moral Issues in Peacetime & War
- Human Rights Ethics
- Moral Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Biomedical Ethics
- Morality in Business
- Environmental Ethics