About This Chapter
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an introductory unit of a standard abnormal psychology course. Topics covered include:
- Criteria and causes of abnormal behavior
- The history of abnormality in psychology
- Reforms in abnormal psychology
- Approaches to studying abnormal psychology
- Evolution of the mental health professions
- The deinstitutionalization movement of the 1960s
- Examples of abnormal human development
- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
- Issues in psychological classification
- Psychological factors affecting physical conditions
1. What is Abnormal Psychology? - Definition and Common Disorders Studied
What is abnormality? How do psychologists study abnormality? In this lesson, we will define abnormal psychology, look at two theories to explain what causes abnormality and examine three examples of disorders studied in abnormal psychology.
2. The Psychology of Abnormal Behavior: Understanding the Criteria & Causes of Abnormal Behavior
What is abnormal behavior? In this lesson, we will look at how psychologists define abnormality, the criteria they use to identify it, and some common causes of abnormal behavior.
3. Biological and Medical History of Abnormality in Psychology
Somatogenic theory views mental illness as a medical condition and dates back to ancient Greece. In this lesson, we will look at the history of somatogenic theory, including key historical figures like Hippocrates, Franz Anton Mesmer, Benjamin Rush, and Emil Kraepelin.
4. Reforms in Abnormal Psychology: Demonology Through Humanitarian Reforms
What causes abnormal behavior? From demons to the subconscious to cruel treatment, ideas about mental illness have evolved through the centuries. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the beliefs and reforms in abnormal psychology, from the Neolithic days to the 20th century.
5. Approaches to Abnormal Psychology: Psychodynamic Through Diathesis-Stress
There are seven major approaches to the treatment of mental illness. In this lesson, we'll examine each approach, as well as how they each explain and treat abnormal behavior, thoughts and emotions.
6. Evolution of Mental Health Professions: Counseling, Therapy and Beyond
There are many types of mental health professionals, but all of them have certain duties and legal responsibilities. In this lesson, we'll look at the most common careers in mental health, as well as how some of the legal duties of mental health professionals have evolved over time.
7. Deinstitutionalization Movement of the 1960s and Other Mental Health Issues
In the 1960s, a social movement resulted in the widespread deinstitutionalization of mentally ill patients across America. In this lesson, we'll examine the causes and effects of deinstitutionalization, as well as the rights of mentally ill patients.
8. Abnormal Human Development: Definition & Examples
Abnormal development occurs when a person develops an unusual pattern of behavior, emotion or thought. In this lesson, you will learn what abnormal development is, how it is determined and examine different examples.
9. What Is the DSM? - Definition & Characteristics
How do mental health workers keep track of the hundreds of mental disorders in existence? When looking up and diagnosing psychological disorders, they refer to the DSM, or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
10. Issues in Psychological Classifications: Reliability, Validity & Labeling
In order to help with diagnosis, psychologists classify mental disorders according to a group of symptoms. However, there are some problems with classification. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the common issues that arise with psychological classification.
11. Psychological Factors Affecting Physical Conditions Like Hypertension & Asthma
Everyone knows that psychological issues bring all sorts of problems. But did you know they can affect physical ailments, like hypertension and asthma? In this lesson, we'll look at the different ways that psychological disorders can make physical problems worse.
12. The History of Asylums in the 1800s
During the 1800s, treating individuals with psychological issues was a problematic and disturbing issue. These patients were maintained in places called asylums, and were usually subjected to conditions that today we would consider horrific and inhumane.
13. Inter-Rater Reliability in Psychology: Definition & Formula
We use inter-rater reliability to ensure that people making subjective assessments are all in tune with one another. Generally measured by Spearman's Rho or Cohen's Kappa, the inter-rater reliability helps create a degree of objectivity.
14. The Affordable Care Act's Impact on Mental Health Services
The Affordable Care Act expanded Medicaid coverage to millions of low-income people living in America, and that aid includes mental health coverage. This lesson will detail some of the ways the Affordable Care Act has had an impact on Americans' ability to obtain mental health services.
15. Do Violent Video Games Cause Behavior Problems?
Do you know an adolescent that spends a lot of time playing violent video games? This lesson weighs the evidence for and against the argument that violent video games cause behavioral problems.
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Other chapters within the Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review course
- Research Methods in Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Clinical Research of Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- The Biological Model of Abnormality: Help and Review
- The Psychodynamic Model of Abnormal Behavior: Help and Review
- The Behavioral/Learning Model of Abnormal Behavior: Help and Review
- The Cognitive Model of Abnormal Behavior: Help and Review
- Help & Review for the Humanistic-Existential Model of Abnormal Behavior
- The Sociocultural Model of Abnormal Behavior: Help and Review
- The Diathesis-Stress Model: Help and Review
- Clinical Assessment: Help and Review
- Introduction to Anxiety Disorders: Help and Review
- Mood Disorders of Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Stress Disorders: Help and Review
- Somatoform Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Dissociative Disorders in Psychology: Help and Review
- Eating Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders: Help and Review
- Substance Use Disorders: Help and Review
- Psychotic Disorders: Help and Review
- Cognitive Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Life-Span Development Disorders: Help and Review
- Personality Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Factitious Disorders: Help and Review
- Treatment in Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Abnormal Psychology: Help and Review
- Cognitive, Social & Emotional Development