About This Chapter
Introduction to Adult Development and Aging - Chapter Summary
Review this chapter to get a comprehensive overview of the physical, psychological and social changes that occur in older adults. Explore theories on the aging process, ageism, the impact of stereotyping on the older adult population and more. Each lesson is available as a short video or full transcript and can be accessed via any computer, smartphone or tablet. Navigate these lessons in any sequence you desire, and take short lesson quizzes to assess your understanding of what you've reviewed. When finished, you'll know more about:
- What gerontology means
- How age is defined chronologically, biologically, psychologically, functionally and socially
- What the characteristics of the life-span perspective are
- What some main theories of aging are
- How social theories of aging are defined
- What the psychosocial theories of aging are
- What ageism means and how it relates to stereotypes of aging
- Differences between various models of aging
- How gender, ethnicity and cultural differences are analyzed as demographics of an aging population
- What factors influence development in late adulthood
1. What is Gerontology? - Definition & History
This lesson explores the topic of gerontology and how this broad definition of gerontology has many fields that work together. This includes care-taking, research and policy issues all dealing with middle aged and older adults.
2. Defining Age with Different Perspectives: Definitions & Examples
If you think there is only one way to count how old you are, then this lesson is for you. We will look into several ways that people can determine your age, both in a relative and an absolute kind of way.
3. The Life-Span Perspective: Definition & Characteristics
The life-span perspective examines how a person grows, develops, and declines by taking multiple aspects and placing them in different frameworks for understanding. We will examine some of these frameworks.
4. Theories of Aging: Structural-Functional, Symbolic-Interaction & Social-Conflict
Sociologists view aging, or the process of people growing older, through three social perspectives. Discover the theories of aging, including: the structural-functional perspective, from which emerged disengagement theory, activity theory, and continuity theory; symbolic-interaction perspective; and the social-conflict perspective.
5. Social Theories of Aging: Definitions & Examples
This lesson explores the idea of how social interactions can differentiate how a person ages. Included is the progression of theories, and why they have changed over time.
6. Psychosocial Theories of Aging: Activity Theory, Continuity Theory & Disengagement Theory
Growing older - we all do it. How we grow older successfully is debatable. There are many theories that have been hypothesized about this life transition. This lesson explores three such ways.
7. Ageism & Stereotyping the Elderly: Definition & Examples
With this lesson, we will explore the cultural phenomena of ageism and stereotyping an individual due to their age. What stereotypes do you think you have against the elderly or growing older?
8. Models of Aging: Definitions & Types
There are different ways to describe how old someone is other than revolutions around the sun. We will explore a few of them and how they focus on either the individual or the individual's place in society.
9. The Demographics of an Aging Population: Types & Examples
This lesson explores the demographics of older generations, as well as briefly looking into the implications of the lopsided sizes of ethnic and cultural groups in the United States.
10. Influences on Development in Late Adulthood
As people age, they go through many changes, both positive and negative. In this lesson, we'll look at the major influences on development in late adulthood, including normative and non-normative change.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 108: Psychology of Adulthood and Aging course
- Personality & Aging
- Health of the Aging Population
- The Aging Brain and Nervous System
- Effects of Aging on Skin & Body Build
- Effects of Aging on the Sensory System
- Effects of Aging on the Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- Changes to Memory & Attention with Age
- Cognitive Development & Aging
- Overview of Intelligence, Wisdom & Creativity
- Mental Health and Lifespan Development Disorders
- Cognitive, Behavioral & Psychological Assessments
- Age-Related Anxiety Disorders
- Substance Abuse Among Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders Related to Aging
- Mood & Stress Disorders Affecting the Aging Population
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Relationships in Adulthood
- Career Changes Over the Lifespan
- Retirement and Leisure in Adulthood
- Overview of Death, Dying & Bereavement
- Studying for Psychology 108