About This Chapter
Introduction to American Government - Chapter Summary
This chapter provides an introductory education on the major factors that have shaped and influenced American government. Lessons cover basics like the definition of government and the various types of government, as well as the core principles of the US government. Learn about the history of democracy in America, the American Enlightenment, and America's core values.
As you progress through the chapter, you will gain an understanding of politics and governmental conflict, the rules by which US politics are governed, and political power in the US. By the end of this chapter, you should be familiar with:
- Definition and functions of different government types
- Principles and values of American government
- The history of American government and politics
- Intellectual and social revolution of the American Enlightenment
- Governmental conflict in politics
- Democracy, constitutionalism and capitalism as rules of politics
- Political theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
- Factors that shift power from the majority to specialized groups
Knowledgeable instructors will walk you through each short, engaging video lesson, and a transcript of each video highlights important terms. Revisit key points from the video lessons using the jump feature, and test your understanding of the material with corresponding self-assessment quizzes. You can track your progress through the course by visiting your Dashboard.
1. What is Government? - Definition, Role & Functions
In this lesson, we will examine the various definitions of government. Then we will take a close look at the functions of the U.S. government and the role it plays in citizens' everyday lives.
2. Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses
In this lesson, we will explore several traditional types of government. We will define each type and take a close look at its strengths and weaknesses.
3. The Core Principles of American Government
In this lesson, we will examine a few of the core principles of American government. We will pay special attention to the ideas of popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.
4. The New American Democracy: Definition & History
In this lesson, we will explore the phenomenon of the 'permanent campaign,' which has changed the face of American democracy. In doing so, we will take a close look at the factors that led to this political development.
5. America's Core Values: Liberty, Equality & Self-Government
In this lesson, we will examine a few of America's core values. We will focus especially on liberty, self-government, equality, individualism, diversity, and unity.
6. Politics: Definition and Source of Governmental Conflict
In this lesson, we will explore the concept of politics. We will examine the various definitions of the word, take a close look at the role of politics in government, and investigate the conflicts sometimes caused by politics.
7. The Rules of American Politics: Democracy, Constitutionalism & Capitalism
In this lesson, we will explore the three rules of American politics: democracy, constitutionalism, and capitalism. We will define each rule and see how it works to keep the political system running smoothly.
8. Political Power: Definition, Types & Sources
In this lesson, we will take a close look at political power. We will define the term, examine its elements, and learn about several theories that help determine who gets to use political power.
9. What is Democracy? - Definition, Types & Principles
In this lesson, we will study the nature of democracy. We will define the term, take a look at the types of democracy, and examine its basic principles.
10. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
11. Shifting Power From Majority to Only a Few: Factors & Process
In this lesson, we will explore factors that have shifted power from the majority of voters to specific groups. We'll pay special attention to voter participation, single-issue voters, uninformed citizens, the nomination of candidates, and campaign expenses.
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Other chapters within the OSAT Middle Level Social Studies (CEOE) (027): Practice & Study Guide course
- Mesopotamian, Egyptian & Kush Civilizations
- Overview & History of Ancient Greece
- Roman Republic & Roman Empire
- Early West African Culture & Development
- History of the Dark Ages
- History of the Medieval Warm Period
- Art & Culture in the Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration & Discovery
- European Religion & Politics During the Reformation
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- Industrialization from 1700-1900
- Global Politics (1760-1848)
- The Age of Nationalism
- European Life & Trends
- 19th and 20th Century Imperialism
- The Great War (1914-1919)
- History Between World Wars
- Early American Civilizations
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Important Events Leading to the American Revolution
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution
- Jacksonian Democracy
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Buildup to the American Civil War
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- American Imperialism & World War I
- The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- America & World War II
- Civil Rights & Other Movements in the US (1954-1973)
- World Events & Politics After World War II (1946-1959)
- America in the 1970s
- The 1980s in America
- Oklahoma's Culture, History & Geography
- Civil Rights in the U.S.
- Elections & Electoral Systems
- The Origin & History of Life On Earth
- Overview of Microeconomics
- Overview of Macroeconomics
- Introduction to Geography
- Land Resources Geography
- The Relationship Between Humans and the Environment
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Analyzing Historical Information
- Applying Social Study Skills
- OSAT Middle Level Social Studies (CEOE) (027) Flashcards