About This Chapter
Introduction to Anthropology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Anthropology is the study of humans. This interdisciplinary field draws upon the social sciences, biological sciences, natural sciences and humanities. In this chapter, you'll be introduced to the general field of anthropology, as well as common subfields of anthropology. This chapter is designed to teach you about:
- The scope of anthropology and how it relates to other fields
- Recurring themes in history
- Physical anthropology
- Cultural anthropology
- Linguistic anthropology
- Archaeological anthropology
|Understanding the Field of Anthropology||Explain the scope of general anthropology and how it developed as a discipline|
|Recurring Themes in History: Societal Migration, Evolution, Aggression & Industrialization||Look at recurring themes in history to help you understand how societies function|
|Overview of Physical Anthropology||Learn how physical anthropology encompasses both social science and biology to study human evolution and biological variation as well as behavior and emotion.|
|What is Cultural Anthropology?||See the definition of culture and find out how cultural anthropology helps us understand similarities and differences among cultures of the past and present.|
|Understanding Linguistic Anthropology||Study language's role in society and culture. Learn what the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is and explore three specialties of linguistic anthropology.|
|Overview of Archaeological Anthropology||Learn how archaeologists uncover information about past cultures from material remains.|
1. Understanding the Field of Anthropology
This lesson offers a brief overview of the field of anthropology and explains terms like 'Homo sapien' as well as the works of Charles Darwin and Franz Boas.
2. Recurring Themes in History: Societal Migration, Evolution, Aggression & Industrialization
In this lesson, we will examine some recurring themes throughout history. We will see how societal migration, cultural transformation, conflicts, industrialization, and other trends help facilitate historical development.
3. Overview of Physical Anthropology
This lesson will seek to give an overview of physical anthropology, a branch of science that encompasses both biology and social science. In doing so, it will highlight fossils, Homo Sapiens, and paleontology.
4. What is Cultural Anthropology?
This lesson will be a brief overview of cultural anthropology. It will highlight the concept of culture while also defining the main branches of archaeology, anthropological linguistics, and ethnology.
5. Understanding Linguistic Anthropology
This lesson will seek to give an overview of linguistic anthropology. In doing so, it will highlight the specialty areas of historical, descriptive, and sociolinguistics, as well as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.
6. Overview of Archaeological Anthropology
This lesson will give an overview of archaeological anthropology. In doing so, it will explain the concept of prehistory, the specialty of historical archaeology, and the terms 'artifact' and 'excavate.'
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Other chapters within the Anthropology 101: General Anthropology course
- Theoretical Perspectives of Anthropology
- The Molecular and Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
- Transmission/Mendelian Genetics
- Population Genetics and Evolution
- DNA Damage, Mutation, and Repair
- Physical Anthropology
- Geologic Time and Anthropology
- Archaeology and Anthropology
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Ethnicity and Geography
- Geography of Land Resources
- The Nature of Culture
- Art and Anthropology
- Language and Communication
- Spatial Processes
- Settlement Patterns
- Societies in Anthropology
- Economic Systems
- Marriage, Family, and Kinship
- Political Organization
- Modernization and Application of Anthropology