About This Chapter
Introduction to Crime & Criminology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Begin your investigation of criminal behavior and the causes of crime with the video lessons in this chapter. We'll help you distinguish between the different types of crime and outline some of the legal terminology used to describe their characteristics. You can also check out crime reporting programs and take a look at some of the earliest philosophical thought on crime and punishment. Lessons are designed to teach you about:
- Crime types and categories
- Legal characteristics of crime
- Crime measurement programs
- Crime trends and demographic patterns
- The role of punishment
|Criminology: Overview & History of the Field||Find out what's involved in the study of criminology and explore the history of this field.|
|Crime: Definition & Types||Survey the different types of crime.|
|General Categories of Crime||Learn to distinguish felonies from misdemeanors. Study the differences between treason and espionage. Discover what an inchoate offense is.|
|Crime: Legal Characteristics & General Features||Examine characteristics of crime, including causation, mens rea and the criminal act.|
|History & Trends of Crime in the United States||Get a brief history of crime in the U.S. Survey current crime trends.|
|Crime Measurement Programs: History & Nature||Learn how federal criminal justice agencies collect crime statistics. Explore the nature of these programs and find out what they convey about crime in the U.S.|
|How Demographics Contribute to Crime||Examine some of the crime patterns related to race, age, gender and socioeconomic status.|
|The Relationship Between Crime & Punishment||Learn how crime and punishment came to be associated with each other.|
|Cesare Beccaria's 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the Rise of Utilitarianism||Study the work of this 18th century philosopher to discover his views on crime and punishment.|
1. Criminology: Overview & History of the Field
Learn about what constitutes criminology. Review the four perspectives of criminology and work a case yourself. Then, examine the history of crime as it relates to the field of criminology.
2. What Is Criminology? - Definition, History & Theories
The study of criminology has evolved over the past 250 years, although you can still go to prison for stealing a slice of pizza in some states. Learn more about the study of criminology and the various theories it embraces.
3. Crime: Definition & Types
Watch this video to explore the different types of crime. You'll learn about felonies, misdemeanors and violations. You'll also review various views on crime, as well as examine personal and property crimes.
4. General Categories of Crime
Watch this video to explore the different categories of crime. You'll learn about felonies, misdemeanors, offenses, treason, espionage, and inchoate offenses.
5. Crime: Legal Characteristics & General Features
Learn about the legal characteristics of crime. Find out what constitutes the actus reus, mens rea, and concurrence of a crime. Examine other general features of crime.
6. History & Trends of Crime in the United States
United States crime trends have fluctuated throughout history. This lesson takes a brief look at the history of crime in the U.S., crime rates over time and current trends.
7. Crime Measurement Programs: History & Nature
Watch this lesson to learn about how crime is measured in the United States. Examine the two main sources of criminal statistics and discover what each source of information can reveal.
8. How Demographics Contribute to Crime
This lesson examines how demographics can tell us about crime. Review how social class relates to crime. In addition, examine how age, gender, and race are related to crime.
9. The Relationship Between Crime & Punishment
The criminal law sets out both crimes and punishments, which are designed to align with each other. This lesson defines criminal punishment, explains punishment theories and explores the relationship between crime and punishment.
10. Cesare Beccaria's 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the Rise of Utilitarianism
Cesare Beccaria wrote 'On Crimes and Punishments' in the 18th century. It called for criminal justice reform and influenced the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explores 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the resulting rise of utilitarianism.
11. Positivist Criminology: Definition & Theory
Review the definition of positivist criminology and examine the theories behind the concept. Upon completion of the lesson, you will be able to take a short quiz to test your understanding.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice course
- Theories of Crime
- Types of Crime
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice
- The Criminal Justice Field
- The U.S. Court System
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.
- Criminal Law in the U.S.
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.
- The Role of the Police Department
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions
- The Juvenile Justice System
- Studying for Criminal Justice 101