About This Chapter
Philosophy in Science - Chapter Summary
The engaging video and text lessons in this chapter introduce the basics of philosophy in science. Learn from top instructors all about Occam's razor, Locke's causal theory of perception and much more. If you hit a snag while studying the lessons, don't hesitate to submit questions about specific topics to our experts. When you're ready, gauge your understanding of philosophy in science using our multiple-choice quizzes and practice exam. In no time, you will be ready to:
- Define the philosophy of science
- Provide details about the scientific principle of Occam's razor
- Differentiate between a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge
- Explain Locke's perception on sensations and what they cause us to experience
- Outline Blaise Pascal's contributions to science and philosophy
- Describe how Francis Bacon, Roger Bacon and Rene Descartes helped develop the scientific method
1. What is The Philosophy of Science?
In this lesson, consider what it means for knowledge to be based on science. You'll learn how four key philosophers describe science and how a few question the value of the scientific method.
2. Occam's Razor as a Scientific Principle
This lesson will explain the principle of Occam's razor, why the word razor is a part of it, and a couple of examples of its application: one from daily life and another one from science.
3. Acquiring Knowledge a Priori or a Posteriori
This lesson asks you to consider how you have come to know what you know. You'll consider two different types of knowledge that philosophers debate: a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge.
4. Locke's Causal Theory of Perception
This lesson focuses on John Locke's explanations for how we understand the world and where these ideas originate. We'll look at how he viewed the role of sensations and what they cause us to experience.
5. Blaise Pascal: Biography & Contributions to Science and Philosophy
In this lesson, we will learn about the 17th-century French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher Blaise Pascal, who invented a rudimentary calculator in addition to making significant contributions to math and philosophy.
6. Bacon, Descartes & the Scientific Method
In this lesson, we will learn about the scientific method. We will look at how men like Roger Bacon, Francis Bacon, and René Descartes helped develop the Scientific Method we know today.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 101: Intro to Philosophy course
- Introduction to Philosophy & Logic
- Types of Fallacies
- Free Will & Determinism
- Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy
- God in Philosophy
- Religion & Philosophy
- Reality in Philosophy
- Intro to Epistemology
- Ancient Epistemology
- Modern Epistemology
- Contemporary Epistemology
- Political Philosophy
- Philosophy & Social Justice
- Studying for Philosophy 101