Ch 8: Philosophy in Science

About This Chapter

Get the knowledge boost you need to excel on a test or assignment that covers philosophy in science by watching entertaining video lessons. Each lesson is accompanied by a mini quiz you can use to check your comprehension.

Philosophy in Science - Chapter Summary

The engaging video and text lessons in this chapter introduce the basics of philosophy in science. Learn from top instructors all about Occam's razor, Locke's causal theory of perception and much more. If you hit a snag while studying the lessons, don't hesitate to submit questions about specific topics to our experts. When you're ready, gauge your understanding of philosophy in science using our multiple-choice quizzes and practice exam. In no time, you will be ready to:

  • Define the philosophy of science
  • Provide details about the scientific principle of Occam's razor
  • Differentiate between a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge
  • Explain Locke's perception on sensations and what they cause us to experience
  • Outline Blaise Pascal's contributions to science and philosophy
  • Describe how Francis Bacon, Roger Bacon and Rene Descartes helped develop the scientific method

6 Lessons in Chapter 8: Philosophy in Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is The Philosophy of Science?

1. What is The Philosophy of Science?

In this lesson, consider what it means for knowledge to be based on science. You'll learn how four key philosophers describe science and how a few question the value of the scientific method.

Occam's Razor as a Scientific Principle

2. Occam's Razor as a Scientific Principle

This lesson will explain the principle of Occam's razor, why the word razor is a part of it, and a couple of examples of its application: one from daily life and another one from science.

Acquiring Knowledge a Priori or a Posteriori

3. Acquiring Knowledge a Priori or a Posteriori

This lesson asks you to consider how you have come to know what you know. You'll consider two different types of knowledge that philosophers debate: a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge.

Locke's Causal Theory of Perception

4. Locke's Causal Theory of Perception

This lesson focuses on John Locke's explanations for how we understand the world and where these ideas originate. We'll look at how he viewed the role of sensations and what they cause us to experience.

Blaise Pascal: Biography & Contributions to Science and Philosophy

5. Blaise Pascal: Biography & Contributions to Science and Philosophy

In this lesson, we will learn about the 17th-century French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher Blaise Pascal, who invented a rudimentary calculator in addition to making significant contributions to math and philosophy.

Bacon, Descartes & the Scientific Method

6. Bacon, Descartes & the Scientific Method

In this lesson, we will learn about the scientific method. We will look at how men like Roger Bacon, Francis Bacon, and René Descartes helped develop the Scientific Method we know today.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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