About This Chapter
Introduction to Genetic Engineering - Chapter Summary
In this interesting chapter, you'll review topics related to genetic engineering. Our lessons cover the definition of genetic engineering as well as examples of its scientific use. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Outline the history of genetic engineering
- Explain the importance of DNA plasmids in genetic engineering
- Detail the uses of DNA fingerprinting
- Define DNA cloning and its processes
- Discuss the history of animal cloning
These helpful learning tools are designed to make your study experience fun and easy. You can review these video and text lessons as many times as needed to feel confident you understand the material. After each lesson, you'll find a multiple-choice quiz you can use to ensure you're ready to move on to other topics. Feel free to reach out to one of our instructors if you need assistance along the way.
1. What is Genetic Engineering? - Definition and Examples
How do we make the insulin used by diabetic patients? In this lesson, you'll learn the basics of how genetic engineering can be used to transform a bacterial host cell into a genetically-modified organism that produces human insulin.
2. History of Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering describes human-made changes to DNA. Boyer and Cohen first developed a method of changing bacterial DNA in the 1970s, and the process has taken off since then.
3. What is a DNA Plasmid? - Importance to Genetic Engineering
DNA plasmids play an integral part in most genetic engineering experiments. In this lesson, you'll learn about key features of a plasmid, such as a multiple cloning site, an origin of replication, and a selectable marker.
4. What is DNA Fingerprinting? - Process & Uses
DNA fingerprinting is a very useful technique that has applications beyond criminal and forensic analysis. In this lesson, you'll learn what DNA fingerprinting is, how it is done, and different ways it can be used to determine identity.
5. DNA Cloning: Definition and Process
DNA cloning is used for a variety of purposes, but how does it work? In this video lesson, you will learn about the process of cloning DNA, as well as see examples of how cloning is used in science, medicine, and consumer products.
6. History of Cloning Animals
Animal cloning is one of the most fascinating topics in biology. This lesson covers the history of cloning, from the first animal cloned over 100 years ago up to the most recent developments in genetic engineering.
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