About This Chapter
Introduction to Geography Concepts - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Examine the interrelationships between human beings and the physical world in greater depth as you work through these short lessons. Review the ways people perceive and organize the spaces around them, how regions are defined, delineated and measured, and broaden your understanding of spatial concepts. The chapter includes lessons on the following material and more:
- Explanation of cultural and human geography, and contemporary approaches
- Use of spatial thinking to conceptualize human movement and settlement
- Meaning and use of scale, space and place in geography
- Difference between absolute and relative location and reading a world map
- Definition of latitude, longitude, elevation and the International Date Line
- Methods for measuring distance, examples of regions and the regionalization process
|Human & Cultural Geography: Definition, Characteristics & Studies||Describe cultural geography as a science.|
|Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area, Spatial, Locational & Geographic Systems Analysis||Discuss area, locational, spatial and systems analysis in geography.|
|Using Spatial Concepts to Understand the Human Organization of Space||Discover the meaning of spatial concepts and their influence on human movement and settlement patterns.|
|Geographical Similarities: Scale, Space & Place||Explain the use of the terms place and space in geography.|
|Relative vs. Absolute Location in Geography||Differentiate absolute from relative location.|
|Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation||Acquire skill in the use of latitude, longitude and elevation.|
|International Date Line: Definition, History & Location||Pinpoint the location of the poles, the equator and important meridians.|
|Distance, Site, Situation & Space-Time Compression||Examine methods for measuring distance.|
|Types of Regions: Formal, Functional & Vernacular||Point out the primary types of regions in geography.|
|The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions||Identify major regions on a world map.|
|The Regionalization Process: Definition & Examples||Assess and analyze the process of regionalization in a geographical context.|
1. Human & Cultural Geography: Definition, Characteristics & Studies
Humans don't exist in a vacuum. We live with other humans, and we live in a specific environment. In this lesson, we'll examine human & cultural geography, including what it is, and what types of topics are studied in the field.
2. Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area, Spatial, Locational & Geographic Systems Analysis
If geographers study people and places, exactly how do they look at the information they find? In this lesson, we'll examine contemporary approaches to studying geography, including spatial, area, locational, and systems analysis.
3. Using Spatial Concepts to Understand the Human Organization of Space
Every aspect of human existence happens in actual space, but do we always stop to consider what this actually means? Let's explore human societies from a spatial perspective and see what there is to learn.
4. Geographical Similarities: Scale, Space & Place
You've probably heard, and even used, the words 'space' and 'place.' But do you know what they mean in the field of cultural geography? In this lesson, we'll look at how geographers define areas, including space, place, and scale.
5. Relative vs. Absolute Location in Geography
Location is important in geography. But what's the difference between absolute and relative location? In this lesson, you will learn the distinction between these two types of location. A short quiz following the lesson will allow you to test your knowledge.
6. Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation
This lesson will seek to explain the geographic coordinate system. In doing so, it will explain latitude and longitude. It will also highlight the equator, the prime meridian, and the concept of elevation.
7. International Date Line: Definition, History & Location
There is a line on Earth that causes you to change days when you cross it. This lesson will explain what the International Date Line is, how it affects the time zones on either side, and the history of how we decided on it.
8. Distance, Site, Situation & Space-Time Compression
In this lesson, learn about several important concepts in geography. Examine the difference between site and situation, explore the effect of distance on interactions between two places and study the concept of space-time compression.
9. Types of Regions: Formal, Functional & Vernacular
There are many different ways to divide land up into regions. In this lesson, we'll look at the common types of regions in geography, including formal regions, functional regions, and vernacular regions.
10. The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions
The world is a big place, but how well do you know it? In this lesson, we're going to look at a basic overview of major world regions and see how they collectively create the world map.
11. The Regionalization Process: Definition & Examples
Geography is a broad field of study, so regionalization can really help. In this lesson, we are going to explore the regionalization process and see how it can be used by geographers.
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Other chapters within the AP Human Geography: Exam Prep course
- Geographic Maps, Tools and Technology
- Overview of Human-Environmental Interaction
- Population & Migration
- Population & Demographic Changes
- The Components of Culture
- Cultural Identity
- Cultural Geography
- Politics, Nations & Geography
- Land Survey Methods
- Agricultural Revolutions & Domestication
- Agricultural Geography
- Issues in Contemporary Agriculture
- Theories of Economic Development
- Industrialization & Economic Development
- The World Economy
- Cities & Urban Land Use
- AP Human Geography Flashcards