About This Chapter
Introduction to Human & Cultural Geography - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Lessons in this chapter include everything you'll need to begin your study of the relationship between the physical environment and the development of human culture. Let us help you discover how and why geographers go about exploring this topic with video lessons and quizzes designed to teach you the following:
- Characteristics of human & cultural geography
- The uses of contemporary geography tools
- Types of geographical regions
- Key human & cultural vocabulary terms
|Human & Cultural Geography: Definition, Characteristics & Studies||Learn what's involved in the study of human & cultural geography.|
|Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area, Spatial, Locational & Geographic Systems Analysis||Compare the uses of area, spatial, locational and geographic systems analyses.|
|Environmental Determinism and Cultural Ecology: Definitions, Relation & Adaptation||Explain how the physical environment can limit cultural development. Explore some of the ways humans adapt to their surroundings.|
|Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS||Describe the uses of global positioning systems, geographic information systems and maps.|
|The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions||Name the geographical regions of the world.|
|Types of Regions: Formal, Functional & Vernacular||Differentiate between formal, functional and vernacular geographical regions.|
|Spatial Association of Culture Regions: Definition, Distinctions & Influences||Explain how cultural traits are used to distinguish one region from another.|
|Geographical Similarities: Scale, Space & Place||Understand how geographical similarities can be explained by the concepts of scale, space and place.|
|Human Cultural Vocabulary: Terms and Concepts 1||Define terms including artifact, cultural convergence, cultural landscape and built environment.|
|Human Cultural Vocabulary: Terms and Concepts 2||Define terms including culture hearth, custom, folk culture and food attraction.|
|Human Cultural Vocabulary: Terms and Concepts 3||Define terms including popular culture, sociofact, mentifact and taboo.|
1. Human & Cultural Geography: Definition, Characteristics & Studies
Humans don't exist in a vacuum. We live with other humans, and we live in a specific environment. In this lesson, we'll examine human & cultural geography, including what it is, and what types of topics are studied in the field.
2. Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area, Spatial, Locational & Geographic Systems Analysis
If geographers study people and places, exactly how do they look at the information they find? In this lesson, we'll examine contemporary approaches to studying geography, including spatial, area, locational, and systems analysis.
3. Environmental Determinism and Cultural Ecology: Definitions, Relation & Adaptation
How do cultures develop? How does the environment influence culture? In this lesson, we'll examine some of the historical and contemporary approaches to those questions, including environmental determinism and cultural ecology.
4. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS
How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and geographic information systems, and their differences.
5. The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions
The world is a big place, but how well do you know it? In this lesson, we're going to look at a basic overview of major world regions and see how they collectively create the world map.
6. Types of Regions: Formal, Functional & Vernacular
There are many different ways to divide land up into regions. In this lesson, we'll look at the common types of regions in geography, including formal regions, functional regions, and vernacular regions.
7. Spatial Association of Culture Regions: Definition, Distinctions & Influences
Have you ever noticed that people who live near water eat a lot of fish? Or that rainforests are in areas that have a lot of rain and high temperatures? In this lesson, we'll look at spacial associations in geography, as well as how they relate to culture.
8. Geographical Similarities: Scale, Space & Place
You've probably heard, and even used, the words 'space' and 'place.' But do you know what they mean in the field of cultural geography? In this lesson, we'll look at how geographers define areas, including space, place, and scale.
9. Cultural Influence on a Geographic Region: Vocabulary
How does a culture spread? And how can we study the way that culture changes across physical space? In this lesson, we'll look at two approaches to cultural geography: the core-domain-sphere model and culture regions and realms.
10. Cultural Artifacts & Buildings: Vocabulary
Have you ever noticed how cities around the world can look very different from each other? In this lesson, we'll examine the ways that culture can influence the environment, including built environment, cultural landscape, and cultural/environmental perception.
11. What Makes a Culture? - Vocabulary
When you think of culture, you probably get a mix of images in your head, which might include things like ceremonies, dress, and food. But what really makes a culture? Watch this lesson to find out more about culture traits, complexes, and hearths.
12. Elements of Culture: Vocabulary
What makes a culture unique? What do people within a culture believe and think? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the elements that make up a culture, including the intangible aspect of mentifacts and the difference in popular and folk cultures.
13. Cultural Institutions & Beliefs: Vocabulary
Have you ever thought about why government is formed the way that it is? In this lesson, we'll look at the way culture structures itself, as well as why people from different cultures eat and behave the way they do.
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Other chapters within the Geography 101: Human & Cultural Geography course
- The Geography of Languages, Religions, and Material Culture
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Ethnicity & Geography
- Geography of Land Resources
- Spatial Processes
- Settlement Patterns
- Modern Economic Systems
- Political Geography
- Impacts of Humans on the Environment
- Renewable Resources
- Nonrenewable Resources
- Food and Agriculture
- Studying for Geography 101