About This Chapter
Introduction to Morality - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This course in morality covers the basic definition of the word, along with the meanings of values and ethics. Students get a glimpse of morality's roots, understand its fundamental principles and explore the relationships of morality and related terms such as values, fairness and ethics. These lessons cover topics like:
- How ethics, morals and values are tied together
- The origin of morality
- What defines theories of rights
- The purpose of philosophy
|Philosophy: Definition & Purpose||Get an understanding of what philosophy is and its purpose.|
|What is Morality? - Definition & Characteristics||Learn the meaning and characteristics of morality; compare and contrast traditional, reflective and customary morality; define aesthetics, manners and unethical behavior.|
|What Are Values, Morals & Ethics?||Examine the differences and similarities between ethics, values and morals.|
|Origin, Aspects & Reasons Behind Morality||Discover the history and importance of morality and understand aspects such as social, religious, nature and individuals.|
|Approaches to the Study of Morality||Study some of the approaches to solving moral dilemmas such as scientific, philosophical and descriptive.|
|Theories of Ethics: Rights & Natural Laws||Explore the various theories and laws of ethics.|
|Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development||Get an explanation of the theory of moral development.|
|Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development||Examine steps of moral development.|
1. Philosophy: Definition & Purpose
In this lesson, explore one definition of philosophy and why it is hard to pin down in simple terms. Learn what it means to go beyond having a philosophy to 'doing philosophy.'
2. What is Morality? - Definition & Characteristics
What is right and what is wrong? Explore the fine lines that make up morality and discover what this means to different people. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. What Are Values, Morals & Ethics?
In this lesson, learn the differences between ethics and morals. Consider how these terms can mean different things to philosophers compared with the general public and how values factor into the conversation.
4. The Basic Principles of Morality
This lesson discusses the basic tenets of morality and highlights the six principles of the Moral Foundations Theory and how they are universally accepted.
5. Origin, Aspects & Reasons Behind Morality
What are morals? Where do morals come from? Why do we need morals? These questions have been debated throughout human history. In this lesson, explore some possible answers, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
6. Approaches to the Study of Morality
Morality is an immense topic, so how do we begin to study it? In this lesson, explore four standard approaches to the study of morality, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
7. Theories of Ethics: Rights & Natural Laws
Legal rights are those rights provided to citizens through the Constitution and other articles of the US legal system. Natural rights are rooted in the ethical, based on what is right or wrong. Learn more about ethics in this lesson.
8. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
9. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
10. How Morality Differs from Law & Religion
This lesson will highlight the differences between morality, law, and religion. In doing so, it will focus on the law's inability to legislate morality, as well as morality's relationship to societal norms.
11. Moral Dilemma: Definition & Examples
A moral dilemma is a conflict in which you have to choose between two or more actions and have moral reasons for choosing each action. Learn more about moral dilemmas from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
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- Moral Belief Systems
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics
- Theories of Natural & Moral Law
- Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Morality Within Western Religion
- Issues of Morality in Life & Death
- Moral Issues in Economic Equality & Poverty
- Philosophical Theory & the Justice System
- Moral Issues in Peacetime & War
- Human Rights Ethics
- Moral Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Biomedical Ethics
- Morality in Business
- Environmental Ethics
- Historical Periods & Figures of the Fine Arts