Ch 1: Introduction to Musical Elements

About This Chapter

The Illinois Licensure Testing Systems (ILTS) music exam tests you on topics such as melody, harmony, dynamics, elements of sound, and other basic elements of music. Review for the exam with our video lessons and quizzes.

ILTS Music - Introduction to Music Elements - Chapter Summary

Brush up on the basic building blocks of music before you take the ILTS content-area exam in music. With our lessons, you can refresh and add to your knowledge of topics covered by test. Video instructors talk you through all the steps and the vocabulary to make each lesson easy to understand. Lessons in the Introduction to Music Elements chapter include:

  • Elements of sound: pitch (wavelength), dynamic (wave height), timbre (waveform), articulation (envelope), and duration
  • Musical timbre of instruments and singers: definition
  • Instrument families of the orchestra: string, woodwind, brass, and percussion
  • Major and minor keys: tonality in music
  • Melody vs. harmony
  • Repetition in musical structure
  • Polyphony: imitative and non-imitative
  • Texture and voices in music
  • Dynamics in music: piano, forte, and why they are important
  • Cadences
  • Authentic cadence: perfect and imperfect
  • Plagal, deceptive, and half cadence
  • Error detection in the score: pitch and rhythm

ILTS Music: Objectives

The Illinois Licensure Testing Systems (ILTS) content-area exam in music is used to determine your readiness for licensing in your subject. You'll earn a score of between 100 and 300. To apply for licensing, you'll need to score at least 240. On the exam, you'll answer 125 multiple-choice questions. The music exam also includes a recorded component you'll listen to and answer questions about.

As part of each video lesson, you'll take a multiple-choice self-assessment quiz. This way, you can judge how well you remember the material as you go, and you get experience answering questions similar to those found on the test.

9 Lessons in Chapter 1: Introduction to Musical Elements
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Musical Timbre of Instruments and Singers: Definition

1. Musical Timbre of Instruments and Singers: Definition

How can you tell if you are listening to a violin or a flute? How do composers use timbre to express their ideas and keep the listener interested? Find out in this lesson on timbre!

Instrument Families of the Orchestra: String, Woodwind, Brass & Percussion

2. Instrument Families of the Orchestra: String, Woodwind, Brass & Percussion

There are so many instruments in the orchestra! What similarities and differences can one find between them? How do the instruments work? Find out about the string, woodwind, brass and percussion families in this lesson!

Major and Minor Keys: Tonality in Music

3. Major and Minor Keys: Tonality in Music

How does a movie's soundtrack enhance our emotions? Watch this video lesson to learn how musical tonality can express feeling in everything from movies to rock songs to operas.

Melody vs. Harmony: Definitions and Examples

4. Melody vs. Harmony: Definitions and Examples

What is a 'melody?' How are 'melody' and 'harmony' different? What kinds of harmonies are used in classical and current popular styles of music? Find out the basics of melody and harmony in this lesson.

Texture and Voices in Music: Definition & Overview

5. Texture and Voices in Music: Definition & Overview

Why are background instruments important? What do 'thin' and 'thick' mean in a musical sense? Let's find out more about texture and how we use it to describe music.

Dynamics in Music: Piano, Forte and Why They Are Important

6. Dynamics in Music: Piano, Forte and Why They Are Important

Dynamics are a way of communicating volume and intensity in music. Piano, forte and other markings help musicians interpret the expressive quality of the music. What do these markings look like? What types of markings exist, and what do they mean? Learn more about dynamics in this lesson!

Rondo Form in Music: Definition & Examples

7. Rondo Form in Music: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn about rondo form. You will find out about the parts of rondo form, how these parts are labeled and organized, and the definition of theme/refrain and episode.

Music Aesthetics: Definition & Examples

8. Music Aesthetics: Definition & Examples

Explore the philosophy of music aesthetics in the context of classical and popular music. Learn about how aesthetics play a role in a listener's interpretation of a piece of music.

Articulation in Music: Types & Notation

9. Articulation in Music: Types & Notation

How do musicians know to play notes short or long? What indicates whether a melody line is gentle or bold? It's all about articulation. This lesson explores musical articulation and some notations used to identify it.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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