Ch 1: Introduction to Operating Systems

About This Chapter

Check out this online computer science chapter to study basic operating system concepts. The chapter can be used as a convenient test preparation resource, homework help tool, tutoring solution or textbook supplement.

Introduction to Operating Systems - Chapter Summary

This comprehensive computer science chapter helps you quickly learn the fundamentals of operating systems. Using a simplified and engaging teaching style, our instructors show you basic concepts related to operating system functions, history, structures and types. You'll also learn how to set up a coding environment. You can complete the chapter at your own pace using any computer or mobile device. We've included plenty of self-assessments throughout the chapter to help you retain the information. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:

  • Evaluate several operating system functions, including security, system management, communication and hardware/software services
  • Summarize the history of operating systems
  • Explain how operating systems help manage hardware and software resources
  • Assess command line interface parameters and options
  • Talk about the computer booting process
  • Describe the structure of layered operating systems
  • Assess the differences between 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems
  • Differentiate between enterprise, personal and workgroup operating systems
  • Set up a coding environment
  • Discuss the benefits of virtualization

10 Lessons in Chapter 1: Introduction to Operating Systems
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
OS Functions: Security, System Management, Communication and Hardware & Software Services

1. OS Functions: Security, System Management, Communication and Hardware & Software Services

The operating system (or OS ) is the brain of a computer and manages its functions, including systems management/monitoring, communication/networking services management, security services management, and hardware/software services management.

History of Operating Systems: Timeline & Evolution

2. History of Operating Systems: Timeline & Evolution

Have you ever been amazed at the magic taking place inside your computer or smartphone? Your device's operating system does a lot behind the scenes to display images and text, play audio, print, and do so much more.

Computer Operating Systems: Managing Hardware and Software Resources

3. Computer Operating Systems: Managing Hardware and Software Resources

This lesson will introduce you to computer operating systems and help you figure out the difference between application and operating system software. Also, we will learn the difference between a desktop and wallpaper.

Command Line Interface: Commands, Parameters & Options

4. Command Line Interface: Commands, Parameters & Options

Despite the popularity of graphical user interfaces, command line is still widely used. In a command-line interface, a user interacts with a computer by typing in lines of text. Learn about the use of commands, parameters and options.

Booting a Computer: Definition & Process

5. Booting a Computer: Definition & Process

In this lesson, we will learn what 'booting' a computer means, where the term comes from, and what happens exactly during the boot process. We will also explore why you may need to start your computer in safe mode.

Layered Operating System: Architecture, Approach & Structure

6. Layered Operating System: Architecture, Approach & Structure

In a world where devices are getting smaller and smarter, it makes sense that we should have something to control them. In this lesson, we'll take a look at one possibility, layered operating systems.

32-Bit & 64-Bit Operating Systems: Differences, Identification & Examples

7. 32-Bit & 64-Bit Operating Systems: Differences, Identification & Examples

This lesson will introduce you to the concept of 32-bit and 64-bit architecture of operating systems. We will discuss evolution and differences between these architectures and look at few examples of operating systems.

Enterprise, Workgroup & Personal Operating Systems

8. Enterprise, Workgroup & Personal Operating Systems

While every computer needs an operating system, different devices and different users need different functionalities. Learn about the different types of operating systems.

How to Set up a Coding Environment for Computer Science 305

9. How to Set up a Coding Environment for Computer Science 305

In this practical lesson, you will be setting up an environment for coding in the Computer Science 305 course. We will be installing GCC (GNU Compiler Collection) in a Windows environment.

Virtualization: Definition & Benefits

10. Virtualization: Definition & Benefits

Virtualization is a hot topic these days, particularly in business. In this lesson, we'll take a look at virtualization, including what it is and some benefits of using it.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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